Heat pump reviews

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Heat Pump Buying Guide

New heat pumps work efficiently in many parts of the country, but especially in places without wide temperature swings and moderate heating and cooling needs. But if you live in an area with extremely cold temperatures, below 10 degrees F to 25 degrees F depending on system size, you will need an auxiliary heating system.

Energy Efficiency
The cooling efficiency for air-source and ductless-split systems is measured by SEER (Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio). The federal minimum standard is 13 SEER for new units  for homes in the Northeast, Midwest, Mountain States and Pacific Northwest; for the rest of the country, the minimum is 14 SEER.

The heating efficiency of air-source and ductless-splits systems is measured by HSPF (Heating Seasonal Performance Factor). The minimum federal HSPF rating for all units is 7.7.

In warmer climates, a higher SEER is more important, but in colder climates, a higher HSPF is better. According to the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, you should consider buying a heat pump that is at least 15 SEER and 8.5 HSPF. The most-efficient Energy Star-rated heat pumps are 18 to 27.5 SEER and 8.5 to 12.5 HSPF.

A geothermal heat pump’s cooling efficiency is rated by EER (Energy Efficiency Ratio) and its heating efficiency by COP (Coefficient of Performance). Based on type, the federal EER  minimums are 17.1 to 21.1 and the COP minimums are 3.1 to 4.1.

Typically, the higher the rating, the higher the system’s cost. You can spend several thousand dollars more for a more efficient heat pump. But, depending on where you live, you could save $115 a year or more on your utility bill by replacing your older heating and cooling system with an Energy Star-rated product.

Size is also important. If a heat pump is undersized or oversized, it won’t heat or cool effectively and will increase your energy bills. And your home may not feel comfortable. A unit that’s too big will cost more upfront, and will cycle on and off too many times, shortening its life.

Work with a heating and cooling professional, who should use an Air Conditioning Contractors of America (ACCA) Manual J calculation to determine the right size. The calculation takes into consideration your home’s foundation, wall thicknesses, insulation values, windows, air filtration and more.

Tax Credits and Rebates
If you installed an Energy Star-certified geothermal heat pump by Dec. 31, 2016, you are eligible for a 30-percent federal tax credit on the purchase. Check the websites of the Internal Revenue Service and the Department of Energy for more details.

Likewise, some states and utilities offer credits and rebates on geothermal systems, and smaller federal credits and utility rebates are available for other heat pumps, too. Visit the federally funded NC Clean Energy Technology Center's website for a state-by-state list of available incentives.

Other Considerations
Don't buy a new heat pump until you make the rest of your home is as energy efficient as possible, because that will allow you to buy a smaller, less expensive system.

Sours: https://www.consumerreports.org/cro/heat-pumps/buying-guide/index.htm

An air source pump is an alternative way to heat your home. It will enable you to generate your own renewable heat and potentially save money on your energy bills.

They deliver heat at lower temperatures than gas and oil boilers. So you'll need to run them for much longer periods to heat your home to a comfortable temperature. 

Heat pumps can save you more on your heating bills if you're replacing an expensive system such as electric storage heaters, oil, LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) or coal, rather than gas. But remember, a well-insulated home is essential – otherwise the heat the pump is generating escapes more easily.

Other options to generate your own heat include:

Read on to find out more about the pros and cons of air source heat pumps, so you can decide whether getting one is the right decision for you.

Make sure you're not paying too much for gas and electricity. Our independent switching site,Which? Switch, will help you to find a cheap energy deal.

How does an air source heat pump work?

An air source heat pump takes heat from the air and boosts it to a higher temperature using a compressor. It then transfers the heat to the heating system in your home.

They work a bit like refrigerators in reverse. 

  1. The air source heat pump absorbs heat from the outside air into a liquid refrigerant at a low temperature.
  2. Using electricity, the pump compresses the liquid to increase its temperature. It then condenses back into a liquid to release its stored heat.
  3. Heat is sent to your radiators or underfloor heating. The remainder can be stored in your hot water cylinder.
  4. You can use your stored hot water for showers, baths and taps.

The pump uses electricity to run, but it should use less electrical energy than the heat it produces. This makes them an energy-efficient way to warm your home.

Air source heat pumps work even if the temperature is well below zero.

Ground source heat pumps also harness natural heat and increase the temperature to warm your home. Find out how ground source heat pumps work.

What is an air source heat pump? 

An air source heat pump is a low-carbon way of heating your home. They absorb heat from a cooler place and use it to increase the temperature inside your home. 

Air source heat pumps look similar to air-conditioning units. Their size depends on how much heat they'll need to generate for your home - the more heat, the bigger the heat pump.

There are two main types of air source heat pumps: air-to-water and air-to-air. They work in different ways and are compatible with different types of heating systems. 

Air-to-water heat pumps

Air-to-water heat pumps take heat from the outside air and feed it into your wet central heating system. 

They're most suitable for larger radiators or water underfloor heating because the heat they produce is cooler than that from a conventional gas or oil boiler. To be most effective they need a large surface area to release the heat.

It is more straightforward to incorporate larger radiators or underfloor heating for a heat pump while you're extending your home or in a new-build property. It can also cost less than retrofitting underfloor heating later on. 

Air-to-water heat pumps qualify for the Renewable Heat Incentive - a government scheme which could pay homes in England, Scotland and Wales towards the cost of home renewable heating.

Air-to-air heat pumps

Air-to-air heat pumps take heat from the outside air and feed it into your home through fans. You need a warm air circulation system to move the heat around your home.

These systems cannot produce hot water and are not eligible for the government's Renewable Heat Incentive payments.

In the summer, an air-to-air heat pump can operate in reverse. In other words, you can use it like an air-conditioning unit to provide cool air for your home.

If you're looking for an air conditioner, check our air conditioner reviews.

How much does an air source heat pump cost?

An air-to-water heat pump typically costs between £9,000 and £11,000, according to the Energy Saving Trust. The costs vary depending on the size of the heat pump, the complexity of the system and whether you choose simple or advanced controls (for example a weather-compensated thermostat).

You'll also need to allow for the cost of upgrading your radiators or installing underfloor heating. This can cost several thousand pounds – see underfloor heating costs. You might also need extra insulation.

Find out how much cavity wall insulation costs.

The main cost of a heat pump is the upfront cost for buying and installing it. The pump will use a small amount of electricity, but the running costs are minimal. Exactly how much your heat pump costs to run depends on:

  • the temperature you want your home to be 
  • the size of your home
  • how well-insulated your home is.

The payback time (how long it takes to recoup the cost of the system in energy savings) depends on:

  • how efficiently your system works (including how well the heat is dispersed and your home retains it)
  • the type of heating system you're replacing
  • whether you get payments from the Renewable Heat Incentive
  • the price you pay for electricity
  • how you use the heat generated by the pump.

The Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) gives payments to homes which install certain types of renewable heating to help offset the costs. Payments are made over seven years. It will close to new applications at the end of March 2022. Find out more about the Renewable Heat Incentive and how much you could earn.

You could save up to £1,300 a year by replacing an old inefficient (G-rated) LPG boiler with an efficient air source heat pump. 

But if you’re replacing a newer heating system, an air source heat pump could actually be a little more expensive.

  • Replacing a new (A-rated) gas boiler – £95 - £100 bill increase 
  • Replacing a new (A-rated) oil boiler – £80 bill increase

If you already have an efficient heating system, see more ways to save money on energy bills.

Air source heat pump installation

Air source heat pumps are usually positioned outdoors at the side or back of a property. They need plenty of space around them for air to circulate.

Inside, you'll usually have a unit containing pumps and hot water. It's usually smaller than a standard boiler.

They are less disruptive to install than ground source heat pumps, as they do not require any digging in your garden.

Check first whether you will need planning permission for an air source heat pump. If you live in a listed building, then you'll usually need the consent of your local authority. Also check that your installation will meet the building regulations in your area.

Speak to your home insurance provider too to check if your policy will cover the changes to your heating system.

If you're getting an air source heat pump it's important to make sure that your home is well-insulated so that is can retain the heat. Underfloor heating or larger radiators are often installed alongside heat pumps to disperse the heat better.

Your installer should tell you how to use the controls for your heat pump to help you use it most effectively. You will probably need to heat your home for more hours but at a lower temperature. 

When your system is completed, you should get a Commissioning Certificate from the installer. You should also get an MCS installation certificate once the system has been registered (the installer must do this within 10 days). You'll need this to qualify for most funding schemes.

If you're considering an air source heat pump, use Which? Trusted Traders to find a reliable heat pump installer.

Air source heat pump advantages and disadvantages

Air source heat pumps require little maintenance and can provide heating and hot water, but they aren't flawless systems. Here are some of the key advantages and disadvantages:


  • Energy efficient - air source heat pumps generate less CO2 than many conventional heating systems
  • Less disruptive than installing a ground source heat pump, especially if you're retrofitting
  • Air-to-water heat pumps qualify for Renewable Heat Incentive payments
  • You could save money on heating compared with some older systems.


  • You'll need enough space in your garden for the external condenser unit 
  • Condenser units can be noisy and blow colder air into the area immediately around them
  • Electricity is needed to drive the pump so they're not zero-carbon (unless the electricity comes from a renewable source such as solar panels or a wind turbine).

Are air source heat pumps efficient?

An air source heat pump system can help to lower your carbon footprint as it uses a renewable, natural source of heat – air. How much CO2 you'll save depends on the fuel you are replacing. For example, the figure will be higher if you are replacing coal or an oil boiler rather than natural gas.

A heat pump needs a power source, usually electricity, to power the heat pump, so there will still be some resulting CO2 emissions.

To get the best from your heat pump, you'll need to know how to use it most effectively. Often you'll need to set your heating to come on for longer than with a traditional system. Your installer should show you how to control your heat pump system.

You should also have your heat pump serviced every two to three years. Check that any grills are free of leaves and debris on a regular basis and follow any other maintenance checks advised by your installer.

Heat pump energy labels

Heat pumps must have an energy label on them. It states how energy efficient the pump is on a scale from dark green (most efficient) to red (least efficient).

Since 26 September 2015, all new heat pumps must be sold with an EU product label. The installer should also produce a package label that displays the efficiency based on several different components in the heating system.

All heat pumps certified by the Microgeneration Certification Scheme must be sold with a product label, and the installer must produce a package label. If your heat pump is not sold with a product label, it may not be eligible for the Renewable Heat Incentive.

Read more: tips on saving electricity and money

Sours: https://www.which.co.uk/reviews/ground-and-air-source-heat-pumps/article/air-source-heat-pumps-explained-al5MC4f773Zq
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Heat pumps

Heat pumps need regular maintenance – mainly cleaning. If you skimp on maintenance you can expect poorer performance and reduced life.

Some maintenance requires professional help – but much of it you can do yourself. That’s provided you don’t mind standing on steps to reach inside units mounted high on the wall. If steps are a problem, get professional help.

These collect the dust and dirt that’s removed from the air passing through the indoor unit. The most regular maintenance job is filter cleaning. If the unit’s been operating for a few months or more the filter’s likely to be quite dirty.

Removing the filter(s) is relatively simple – see your instruction manual. In most models you lift the front cover and slide out the filter.

Take the filter to the bath or shower (or outside) and spray it with a neutral “spray & wipe” type of cleaner, then rinse it thoroughly. Repeat if necessary. Don’t use solvents or other harsh cleaners.

You can get dedicated filter-cleaning sprays from refrigeration wholesalers. They’ll make the air delivered by the heat pump smell nice – but they won’t clean the dirt any better.

Other indoor cleaning
While you’re dealing with the indoor unit, inspect the cylindrical fan vanes – and also the heating/cooling fins – for dirt build-up. Use your vacuum cleaner’s upholstery brush to gently vacuum dirt away from the vanes and the fins. Finally give the outer casing a wipe with a soft cloth dampened with a squirt of neutral spray & wipe cleaner.

How often? If you have carpet and the heat pump runs for many hours a day all year round, the filters could need cleaning four times per year. Cleaning will be less frequent if you run the heat pump less or have hard floors. For a heat pump that runs for a few hours a day mainly for heating, then once a year in the autumn should be enough. If the heat pump is used regularly for cooling as well, then go for an autumn and spring clean.

Outdoor unit
The first job with the outdoor unit is to make sure air can get to and through the unit without obstruction. That means clearing away any vegetation that could reduce airflow. Next, make sure the air grilles each side of the unit are clear of debris such as leaves and twigs.

Inspect the fan blades, fins and the outer casing for signs of corrosion. Rust never sleeps, so deal with corrosion – or get it dealt with – as soon as possible. This will lengthen the life of the unit.

How often? A heat pump used mainly for heating only needs a maintenance check once a year in the autumn. If you use the heat pump regularly for cooling, then look at doing another check in spring.

Professional help
Even if you do the basic cleaning yourself, getting a professional to check the heat pump every couple of years is worthwhile. Professionals can measure the delivered air temperature and check the unit is operating properly. Probably the best professional to use is the person who installed the unit.

Tip: Beware of cold-calling, high-pressure outfits that try to bulldoze their way on to your property. See our October 2014 news article for more on this.

Sours: https://www.consumer.org.nz/services/heat-pumps/guide
Trane XV20i Heat Pump Review

What is a heat pump and should you get one?

With the UK committed to ‘net zero’ emissions by 2050, and domestic heating contributing around 14% of our current output, there’s an increasing urgency to find alternatives to gas boilers. In recent years, heat pumps have emerged as a strong low-carbon alternative, and now there’s growing support for them, with Honeywell Evohome recently adding support So, what is a heat pump and should you get one? Here we help you choose, including looking at heat pump cost and running costs.

How a heat pump works

Almost every home in the UK already has a heat pump. The technology has been around for more than 150 years, and works away quietly in every fridge or freezer to keep the inside cold. You’ve probably noticed that the back of the fridge gets warm, however. The system is ‘pumping’ heat from inside the cabinet, into the kitchen.

Heat pump installations exploit exactly the same technology to heat a home. There are two main types. With an air-source heat pump (ASHP), the system extracts heat from the air outside, and releases it into the heating or hot water system in the home. A ground-source heat pump (GSHP) works in the same way, but takes heat from the ground or groundwater, using a network of buried pipes.

Heat pumps work by pumping a refrigerant around a network of pipes. The cold fluid passes through the ‘warm’ zone (outside or underground) and takes on heat, evaporating into a gas. It’s then pumped through a compressor, which raises the pressure and temperature of the gas even more. This warm gas now travels into the ‘cold’ zone where it’s allowed to condense back into a liquid, releasing lots of heat energy into the heating system.

Heat Pump Diagram

From Wikipedia, how a heatpump works using the condenser (1), expansion valve (2), evaporator (3) and compressor (4)

Why is a heat pump so efficient?

A conventional heater converts electrical or chemical energy into heat energy. Modern gas boilers are more than 90% efficient at this, so for every kilowatt hour (kWh) of energy in the gas they burn, more than 0.9kWh will end up heating your home, and they get more efficient if they are set at the right temperature to condense. Electric heaters are 100% efficient – a bar fire turns 1kWh of electricity into 1kWh of heat.

That sounds pretty impressive, but a well-designed heat-pump installation can have an efficiency of around 350%! The reason is that a heat pump doesn’t generate heat energy, it pumps existing heat from one place to another. A heat pump consuming 1kW of electrical energy could be pumping 3.5kW of heat energy into your home from outside.

This performance makes heat pumps radically cheaper to run than conventional electric heating systems. And, unlike a gas boiler, you can power them with renewable energy, making them a carbon-neutral technology.

Related: Best smart thermostat

Unfortunately, heat pumps do have some downsides when compared to conventional heating systems. While they can be very effective, they’re most efficient when heating to lower temperatures than a gas boiler – up to around 40℃, rather than 55℃ or more. Because of this, they’re best used in homes with good insulation and large heating surfaces, such as an underfloor system.

While GSHPs work well year-round, ASHPs are sensitive to the outside air temperature. They will work in cold and freezing conditions, but they have to work harder, making them less efficient at the peak of winter.

All heat pumps are slower to heat than conventional systems – you can’t turn one on and expect a hot bath 30 minutes later. Moreover, because they heat water to a lower temperature, heat-pump homes generally need a bigger tank to store more hot water.

You can get around the major limitations of heat pumps by installing them in a hybrid system, using the heat pump for baseload heating, and a conventional boiler to deliver extra heat quickly if needed. However, new homes designed for heat pumps will be optimised to get the best from them without a boiler, thanks to stricter insulation and draft-proofing standards.

How much does a heat pump cost?

A typical ASHP installation costs around £5,000-8,000 – far more than the £2,000-3,000 you’d pay for conventional gas-fired heating. GSHPs are even more expensive, ranging from about £10,000 upwards. However, both systems qualify for the government’s Green Homes Grant, which will contribute up to £5,000 toward installation. They also come under the Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI), which pays homeowners for heat they generate with renewable energy. The payments continue quarterly for seven years after installation. There’s a growing range of heat pumps available, including from traditional boiler manufacturers, such as Worcester Bosch.

These grants can help to offset heat pumps’ high installation costs, but even without them a heat pump might prove cheaper than conventional heating over time. Calculated using energy prices from the Energy Saving Trust, it costs about 4.6p per kWh to heat with gas, and 9p per kWh to heat with electricity (using an Economy 7 tariff). Using a heat pump with standard-rate electricity could cost around 4.7p per kWh.

That makes heat pumps roughly as cheap to run as gas heating, but using them with Economy 7 could make them cheaper. And if you’ve got solar panels, your running costs could be tiny.

The UK government has conducted the Future Homes Standard consultation on energy-saving measures in new housing. Among the changes proposed is a ban on gas boilers in new homes from 2025 onwards. Though it’s not yet the government’s policy, it’s inevitable that boilers, as we know them, will be phased out over the next couple of decades. As one of the leading practical alternatives, heat pumps will become far more common, as we upgrade to the next generation of heating and insulation to meet our future environmental goals.

They’re not the only choice, and other technologies are being investigated, such as hydrogen-powered boilers, where the waste gas is water.

Sours: https://www.trustedreviews.com/info/what-is-a-heat-pump-and-should-you-get-one-4115075

Pump reviews heat

This air source central heat pump guide is a comprehensive resource that answers all the questions:

  • How much does a heat pump cost?

We break down heat pump costs by brand, discuss factors affecting cost plus labor and supply cost for installation.

  • What are the best heat pump brands 2019?

We explain the different lines of models (basic, better and best) that most brands make and then categorize the brands themselves as budget brands, standard brands and premium brands.

  • What are my heat pump options?

You’ll find complete information on heat pump quality, performance, efficiency & size.

  • What’s the right heat pump for my home size and climate?

This guide explains choosing heat pump size and efficiency that’s best for your home and climate.

This handy navigation guide will help you find what you’re looking for, though if this is your first heat pump decision, reading the entire heat pump buying guide will assist you in making a purchase decision you’re happy with in the years ahead.

Content Navigation

Heat Pump Brands and Factors Affecting Cost

There are four factors determining heat pump cost, and each is important. For example, two heat pumps that cost $7,500 installed could vary significantly in these four areas. That’s why it’s important to go beyond cost allow to understand these factors.

1. Quality

Air Handler Quality Levels

As is the case with most products, central heat pumps are made in a range from budget to premium. Here are your quality options and brands in each category. Brands that have the same parent company and are essentially the same are included within parentheses.

  • Budget brands: Cheap and affordable. 12-16 years of durability: Payne, Aire-Flo, Airtemp, Ameristar, DiamondAir.
  • Standard brands: Mid-priced, good quality. 15-18 years of durability: (Daiking, Goodman, Amana), (Heil, Arcoaire, Day & Night, ComfortMaker, KeepRite and Tempstar), (Armstrong Air and Ducane), (Rheem and Ruud), (Luxaire, York and Coleman), and (Maytag, Broan, Westinghouse, Tappan, Frigidaire, Nordyne and NuTone).
  • Premium brands: Higher priced, excellent quality. 17-22 years of durability. Lennox, (American Standard and Trane) and (Carrier and Bryant).

If you dig into who owns the brands, you’ll find that United Technologies (UTC) owns two groups above – It owns Carrier/Bryant in the premium group. UTC also owns International Comfort Products (ICP). ICP makes the group headed by Heil in the standard brands list. The two groups of brands have different product lines.

Ingersoll Rand owns American Standard and Trane plus Ameristar, it’s budget brand with a different product lineup.

Lennox owns budget brand Aire-Flo that has a different lineup. Daikin, a global HVAC manufacturer, bought Goodman and Amana brands in 2010 to enter the US residential market. Maytag and its sister brands are owned by Nortek Global. Johnson Controls owns York and the others.

2. Performance 

Performance and efficiency are related, but let’s look at them separately. All the large brands make a range of models to appeal to consumers across the spectrum. Carrier, for example, makes three lines: Infinity (Best), Performance (Better) and Comfort (Basic). Here they are, beginning with the most affordable lines:

  • Basic performance:These are single-stage heat pumps. They’re either on and running at 100% capacity, or they’re off. Basic models are made in efficiency ranges from low to moderate.
  • Better:These are mostly two-stage heat pumps with low capacity of about 65% and high capacity of 100%. They run on low most of the time to boost efficiency and indoor temperature balance. Efficiency in this class of heat pumps ranges from moderate to high.
  • Best:There are two-stage heat pumps and variable-capacity models. Variable capacity heat pumps are also called modulating. They have a compressor that constantly modulates capacity from about 40% to 100%. The purpose is to deliver exactly the right amount of heating or air conditioning to precisely balance temperatures. They are also the most efficient heat pumps available. Not all brands make variable-capacity heat pumps, and they are quite expensive.

3. Efficiency

3 AC Efficiency SEER Level

Heat pumps use two efficiency ratings:

  • SEER: Seasonal Energy Efficiency Rating is the measure of air conditioning efficiency. 13 SEER units are the least efficient available in northern states. For southern states, units must be at least 14 SEER. The most efficient heat pumps on the market have ratings of more than 20 SEER. The Lennox XP25, for example, has a 23.5 SEER rating. SEER of about 15-17 is average.
  • HSPF: Heating Season Performance Factor measures heating efficiency. The most efficient models like the Carrier Infinity 20 have HSPF ratings of 13, though most are between 8 and 11.

Heat pumps heat at a much lower operating cost than furnaces. The electricity heat pumps use simply circulates refrigerant that captures and moves heat. It doesn’t create heat as electricity does in a space heater or fossil fuel does in a furnace. When you have the choice between a furnace and a heat pump, the heat pump might cost more upfront, but your long-term cost to run it will be 25% to 50% less.

Choosing the right efficiency for your climate is discussed below.

4. Size

The smallest heat pumps in any line are either 18,000 BTU (aka 1.5 ton) or 24,000 BTU (2.0 ton). The largest are 60,000 BTU (5.0 ton). The ratings refer to the amount of heat the units move per hour. You can use this heat pump sizing calculator to get the estimated size you need.

Heat Pump Prices List

We’ve broken down heat pump prices in two ways – by brand and by the size of the heat pump. This will give you a more accurate way to estimate the cost of the unit you select.

1.Heat Pump Price by Brands

The list below shows the quality level of each brand (Type) and the range of prices from the smallest and least efficient to the largest and most efficient. Brands with a narrow range make a smaller lineup of heat pumps. For example, Aire-Flo makes one model, Airtemp makes two and Payne makes four. All are available in several sizes.

BrandsTypesUnit PriceModelsSEER Range
Aire - FloBasic$1,010 - $1,530114 only
AirtempBasic$1,060 - $1,720214, 16
AmeristarBasic$1,090 - $1,390213, 14
PayneBasic$1,100 - $3,080414 to 17
DiamondAirBasic$1,030 - $1,750214, 15
Armstrong and DucaneStandard$1,120 - $3,270614 to 20
Amana, Goodman and DaikinStandard$1,210 - $3,320415 to 18
Armstrong Air & DucaneStandard$1,190 - $3,840614 to 20
Heil, Day & Night and TempstarStandard$1,160 - $4,090614 to 19
York, Luxaire and ColemanStandard$1,120 - $3,850713 to 20
Maytag, etc.Standard$1,290 - $3,760515 to 19
Rheem & RuudStandard$1,250 - $3,790614.5 to 20
American Standard & TranePremium$1,310 - $4,180714.5 to 21
Carrier & BryantPremium$1,420 - $4,2201314 to 20.5
LennoxPremium$1,480 - $4,260716 to 23.5

A Note on Packaged Heat Pumps

A packaged heat pump system is a single large cabinet containing the heat pump and the air handler. In that regard, it is different than a split system with a condensing unit/heat pump outside and the air handler or a furnace indoors. Packaged units are available at efficiency levels up to about 16 SEER. Single-stage and two-stage package units are made. Prices are $500-$1,000 more than split system heat pumps with comparable efficiency and performance.

Package units are typically only installed where a standard split system can’t be, such as a home with no basement or crawlspace and no interior room for a utility closet. Package units are not as durable because the entire system is outdoors in the elements.

2. Heat Pump Price by Size

We include heat pump size, size of the homes typically served, cost for the heat pump and the installed cost. There’s more information below on choosing the right size heat pump for your home by taking climate into account and a breakdown of installation costs.  (The below table is updated in 2021)

Heat Pump SizeHome SizeSystem OnlySystem Installed
1.5 ton600 - 1000 sf$1,000 - $1,460$2,370 - $3,590
2 ton1001 - 1300 sf$1,140 - $1,990$2,480 - $4,110
2.5 ton1301 - 1600 sf$1,290 - $2,560$2,600 - $4,720
3 ton1601 - 1900 sf$1,460 - $2,990$2,790 - $5,280
3.5 ton1901 - 2200 sf$1,480 - $3,490$2,820 - $5,630
4 ton2201 - 2600 sf$1,610 - $3,780$2,900 - $5,900
5 ton2601 - 3200 sf$1,760 - $4,320$3,050 - $6,530

3. Installation Costs and Extras

How much does it cost to install a heat pump? Here are standard costs and extras including accessories and supplies.

$1,300-$2,100 | Basic heat pump installation cost

This is the basic installation cost for a replacement heat pump when all accessories and connections are in place and usable. When very old heat pumps are replaced and when a heat pump is being installed in new construction, some of these costs might apply.

New Ductwork: New homes and additions require ductwork if a ducted system rather than a ductless mini split system is installed. The cost will be determined by the size of the home, number of stories and quality of the ducting.

$1,000-$3,500 | Insulated ductwork

Related Guide: HVAC Ductwork Cost Details and Ultimate Buying Guide

Condensing unit pad: Your outside unit, the condensing unit, shouldn’t sit on bare ground. Unless it’s being placed on an existing concrete slab, installing a pre-fab pad makes sense.

$30-$150 | Heat pump pad

Refrigerant lineset: The two lines in the set circulate refrigerant between the condensing unit and the indoor coil. They’re available in sets from 15’ to 50’.

Heat pump lineset: $125-$400

Air handler: The air handler contains the indoor coil that collects heat when air conditioning and disperses it when heating. Coils are sized to match the capacity of the heat pump. The air handler also houses the blower, control board and other electronic components. See our Air Handler Buying Guide for complete information including links to our various Air Handler Brands guides.

Air handler with installation | $2,000-$3,200

Thermostat: You’ll need a thermostat for new construction and when replacing a system if the new system has features and performance levels the old system didn’t.

$12-$100 | Non-programmable thermostat

$15-$124 | Basic programmable thermostat

$135-$500 | Wi-Fi programmable thermostat

Heat Pump Electric Heating Strips

$140 to $350

For more info, also read our post: What are Electric Heat Strips? Should I Install it for My Heat Pump

HVAC Zoning Controls:

The cost of zoning system is typically around $2,000 to $3,300 depending on the number of zones. For more information, read our HVAC Zoning System Cost Guide.

Other HVAC Optional Add-ons: There are a couple of optional add-ons you may have heard of. Those of you, who are interested in them, can take a look at:

What Size Heat Pump Do I Need

Heat pump size is an essential part of the equation as you decide on your next heat pump system. The shortcomings of a system that is too small are obvious. It won’t get the job done and will wear out quickly while trying. A heat pump that is too large will waste energy and cause noticeable temperature swings. They sometimes have a short-cycling problem that leads to mechanical failure.

HVAC professionals use a Manual J load test and similar methods to determine the best fit for any home. However, you can make a pretty accurate estimate using the information here. First, find your location on this US Climate Zone map.

Image Source: basc.pnnl.gov

The hotter or colder your climate is, the larger the unit will need to be per the square footage of your home.

  • Zones 1 & 2 (hot) and Zone 7 (very cold): 22-30 BTU/sq. ft.
  • Zone 3 (warm) and Zone 6 (cold): 20-24 BTU/sq. ft. 
  • Zone 4 (moderate) and Zone 5 (cool): 16-22 BTU/sq. ft.

Note: In Zones 6 and 7, the coldest zones, a system with an efficient gas furnace and small central air conditioner is also a good option.

Consider the average 2,000 square foot home each of these categories:

  • Zones 1, 2 & 7: 2,000 x 22-30 = 44,000 to 60,000 BTU heat pump (about 4.0 to 5.0 ton) 
  • Zones 3 & 6: 2,000 x 20-24 = 40,000 to 48,000 BTU heat pump (about 3.5 to 4.0 ton) 
  • Zones 4 & 5: 2,000 x 16-22 = 32,000 to 44,000 BTU heat pump (about 2.5 to 3.5 ton)

It’s not just your home’s size and climate that are considered. Your home’s construction is considered too. Home’s with energy-efficient materials and insulation levels need fewer BTUs per square foot than poorly constructed homes.

Here are two more important notes to consider before selecting a heat pump:

  • Is your home more efficient than it used to be?If you’ve upgraded your home’s energy efficiency (additional insulation, insulated doors, windows or siding, weather stripping, etc.), then the replacement heat pump should probably be smaller than the old heat pump.
  • Heat pumps and freezing weather:Standard heat pumps are not a great fit for very cold climates, at least in the dead of winter when temperatures regularly drop (or stay) below freezing. However, they do have lower operating costs than gas furnaces, so they are still worth considering even in very cold climates for use when temperatures are chilly but not bitter cold. They can be included in a dual fuel system that includes a gas furnace for heating when it’s freezing outside. Dual fuel details are below.

What Heat Pump Efficiency is Right for You?

Breaking down efficiency into three categories with factors for each will help you decide how efficient your next heat pump should be.

Basic efficiency: Up to 15 SEER/8.5 HSPF:

  • You live in a very temperate climate without extremes. Dry, moderate climates like the San Diego area and other small parts of Zones 3 & 4 are rare.
  • You plan to move in the next few years, so don’t want to spend a lot on a heat pump, and you are not concerned about how the efficiency of the heat pump might affect your home’s potential to sell.

Moderate efficiency: 15-17 SEER/8.5-9.5 HSPF:

  • You live in Zones 3, 4 or 5.
  • You live in one of those few temperate zones, so efficiency isn’t so important, but you want a two-stage heat pump or one that will be more attractive to energy-conscious home shopper.
  • You plan to live in your current home indefinitely and are willing to pay more for an efficient heat pump that will pay you back through lower utility bills.

High efficiency: 18 SEER/9.5 HSPF and higher:

  • You live in Zones 1, 2, 6 or 7 (and Zone 5 areas where summer humidity is very high).
  • Regardless of where you live, you’re committed to the most environmentally responsible heating and cooling available.
  • You want the performance of an efficient two-stage or variable-capacity heat pump.
  • You plan to live in your current home indefinitely and are willing to pay more for an efficient heat pump that will pay you back through lower utility bills.

Note: In Zones 6 and 7, the coldest zones, a system with an efficient gas furnace and small central air conditioner is also a good option.

Energy rebates and credits are available from most energy suppliers nationwide for homeowners that install moderately to highly efficient equipment. Call your energy provider or see its website for details. You’ll find additional information at DsireUSA.org.

Dual Fuel Heat Pumps and Cold Climate Heat Pumps.

If you want the operating cost and environmental benefits of efficient heating when temps are above freezing, consider a dual fuel or cold climate heat pump system.

  • Standard split system: This system includes a heat pump and an air handler. The heat pump does the primary heating. The air handler is often equipped with electric heating units ranging from 5kw to 25kw. Like a space heater, these backup heating units use electric resistance heat that is significantly more expensive to create than gas furnace heat. Their purpose is to boost heating in bitter cold or as emergency heat when the heat pump fails mechanically.
  • Dual fuel split system: This system includes a heat pump and a gas or oil furnace: The most common operation is to have the heat pump do all the heating when temperatures are above freezing. The furnace blower moves the warm air, just as it does when the furnace is also making the heat. The system can be set to automatically shift to the furnace for heating in extreme cold and back again when temperatures warm up. The temperature the switch takes place can be adjusted to the setting you prefer. You can read more in our dual fuel heat pump buying guide.
  • Cold climate heat pumps: The most efficient air source heat pumps qualify for a new categorization called cold climate air source heat pumps (ccASHP). To meet the criteria, they must have an HSPF rating of at least 10 and a coefficient of performance (COP) of 1.75 or greater at a temperature of 5 degrees Fahrenheit. This means they produce 1.75 times the heat that would be produced through resistance heat or a gas furnace that was 100% efficient. Currently the most efficient gas furnaces are about 98% efficient. In moderate weather, the COP of heat pumps is 3.0 to 5.0. Some of the current models that qualify as ccASHPs are the Amana AVZC20/Daikin DZ20, American Standard AccuComfort Platinum 20/Trane TruComfort XV20i, Lennox XP20, Bryant Evolution Extreme 280A/Carrier Infinity 20, Maytag PSH4 and identical units from sister brands. Many cold climate heat pumps can also be included in dual fuel systems to further reduce heating costs in the very coldest weather.

Heat Pump Brands Reviews

There are more than 50 companies that sell heat pumps in addition to other HVAC equipment. Choosing from all these brands can truly be a challenge. To narrow down your choices, we classify the brands by parent companies. Each line below is from a same company:

  • Carrier, Bryant, Payne and Tempstar
  • Lennox, Ducane and Armstrong
  • Rheem and Ruud
  • Goodman, Amana and Janitrol
  • York, Coleman and Luxaire
  • Maytag, Westinghouse, Frigidaire and Kelvinator
  • Trane and American Standard
  • Maytag, Frigidaire and Tappan

Warning:Before you dive into brands reviews, we strongly recommend you spend 70% of your research time on finding a qualified contractor. Heat Pump is not a traditional appliance and most brands are reliable.

Best Heat Pump Brand Reviews 2020

1. Carrier seriesCarrier Heat Pump ReviewsBryant Heat Pump Reviews

2. GoodmanAmana Heat Pump ReviewsGoodman Heat Pump Buying Guide

3. Trane seriesTrane Heat Pump Reviews & Buying GuideAmerican Standard Heat Pump Reviews & Buying Guide

4. York seriesYork Heat Pump Review and Buying Guide

5. Lennox seriesLennox Heat Pump Buying GuideColeman Heat Pump Reviews

6. Rheem seriesRheem Heat Pump ReviewsRuud Heat Pump Reviews

Better Installation is More Important Than Brands

We have got some complaints and reviews about each brand for the constant problem for compressor broken,  freon leaking, and weird noise etc. Actually 80% of these problems are caused by the improper installation instead of bad brands. You will always get what you paid for the installation work. So never drastically decrease your installation budget for any case and remember to compare at least 3-4 contractors’ install fee. If you have a limited budget, you can choose some economical brands like Ruud, Goodman and Rheem etc instead of choose “economical” installation.

Real Heat Pump Prices and Reviews From Readers

Price Brand & Model & SizeHome LocationHome Size
$17,360Waterfurnace 5Harvard, IL3000 sq ft
Logterman LLC Htg & Cooling in Delavan, WI. quoted me this for heat pump installation only. No additional work needed on closed loop system. Seems a bit high, any comments?
$10,000Lennox 14HPX-036Landrum, SC3000sqft
I took advantage of a spring sale and bought this heat pump. I also decided to have the ventilation system fixed. In addition, I decided to throw in a new air filter system. This was a precautionary move, to ensure I got the full benefits of the system. The performance by the workers was quite impressive; they completed all the work in just a day.
$4,950Payne FB4ANF030Winder, GA2640sqft
So far so good, I have had the system running for five years now. It has helped to cut down my utility bills. Freeing up money for many other projects.
$6,950Trane XL1000Harrisburg, PA1800sqft
This purchase was a replacement for an old Trane system, which has been running for fifteen years. Due to the reliable service form the previous system, we had no qualms about installing another one. It has been two years and the system is still working perfectly.
$6,550Rheem 13JPLRichmond, VA3,400sqft
I had always heard about Rheem heat pumps and how great they were, so I decided to test one. It has been four years now, since I installed the heat pump. With an average of $100 savings each year. This is a great investment to continue using the system for many years to come. My last heat pump started giving me grief, only a year after installations. I decided to overhaul the entire system after the fifth repair in just one year. So far, it has been good, I cannot think of anything more that I would want from a heat pump that Rheem does not have.
$9,800Carrier InfinityAlexandria, VA3200sqft
This was a replacement for an old system. Everyone in the house agrees that this is one of the most quite heat pumps. The system produces about 80% less noise than any other system I know of. Could not have asked for a better system.
$11,500Carrier GreenspeedSalem, NH2500sqft
The system has been retrofitted into a Carrier system that is propane-fired. The results have been astounding. In just three months, it only used up 2,300 Kwh. It is important to watch out for air leaks to ensure a high level of heating efficiency.
$8,200AMANA ASZC16Lakeland, FL3500sqft
We have had this heat pump running for the last five years. During which, it has provided reliable service. The option to control temperature and humidity was quite awesome. This feature is quite useful; those who live in Florida understand what I mean. In addition, the contractor was great and did a good job at installing the system. It has been running quietly for the past five years now. It is definitely quieter than our last system.
$4,800Goodman GMV950905DXBranson West, MO1800sqft
I was replacing an old system of a home I moved into a few years ago. I have had many good things about the godman heat pump, so I decided to try it out myself. The system is generally reliable and runs quietly, a plus for any system. After two years, the system is still responsive and offers exactly what I expect.
$7,900York LXSeattle, WA1640sqft
I replaced my old HVAC system with the York LX. For the past one year, it has continued to run perfectly, without any issues. I should point out that the cost is inclusive of upgrades in the heat duct systems. In addition, I paid extra for ten-year maintenance and parts replacement.
$7,500Bryant, EvolutionHamilton County, OH2200sqft
The heat pump has continued to give us reliable service for over seven years. Anyone who may dissatisfied with the product, may be due to using shady contractors. Make sure to use company-certified installers to get value for money.
$6,750American Standard, Heritage 13Martin, TN2100sqft
I replaced a Trane, which I had been using for 15 years. So far, the system has no issues and problems after three years of use. In addition, it does not consume as much power as some other heat pumps of the same size.

This table is based on local customers feedback and online submitted information, we will update this table every 3-6 months to keep this up to date. If you want to share you previous Price details to help homeowners to make a better decision, click here to submit it or just leave a comment.

How to Get the Best Heat Pump Prices

  • Firstly, keep in mind that installation quality is always the most important thing for residential HVAC project. So never sacrifice contractor quality for lower price.
  • Secondly, remember to look up the latest tax credit and rebates as we talked above.
  • Thirdly, ask for at least 3 bids before you make the decision. You can click here to get 3 free estimates for your local contractor, and this estimate already takes rebates and tax credit into consideration and filter unqualified contractors automatically.

Lastly, once you chose the right contractor, remember to use the tactics from this guide: Homeowners Tactics When Negotiating with HVAC Dealer to get the final best price.

Do you live in the cold climate area and looking for dual fuel heat pump? See our Dual Fuel Heat Pump Buying Guide or HVAC Systems Types for complete information on supplementary heating.

Sours: https://www.pickhvac.com/heat-pump/
Heat Pumps Explained - How Heat Pumps Work HVAC

Most and Least Reliable Heat Pumps

If you live in a region that doesn't experience wide temperature swings, heat pumps are one of the most efficient ways to heat—and cool—your home. That’s because rather than generating hot or cold air, they move it from one place to another, depending on the season: During the heating season, a heat pump pulls heat from the outdoor air into your home. And during hot weather, it pulls hot air from your home and expels it outdoors.

Since you use a heat pump to both heat and cool your home, you’re running it all year long. That’s a major difference from more traditional central heating or central air conditioning systems. So you’ll definitely want one from a brand with a reliable track record. That point was emphasized by a recent Consumer Reports survey of owners of heat pumps, many of whom reported that when theirs broke, they were without heat for at least an entire day and sometimes two or more.

We asked our members about their experiences with 12,463 heat pumps that were installed new between 2003 and 2019 and that were used to heat and cool their homes year-round. Based on our analysis, we determined that, on average, almost half of heat pumps are likely to experience a break by the end of the eighth year of ownership, which is about the midpoint of the expected life of the system. Our members say they expect their heat pumps to last a median of 15 years.

When you compare the cost of repairing a heat pump to the cost of replacing one, there’s little doubt that repairing it (if possible) is the way to go.

In our 2018 survey, nearly all members (97 percent) who owned a heat pump that broke reported having it repaired. The median cost for those who paid completely out-of-pocket—meaning the heat pump wasn’t covered by a service plan—was $246. Compare that to the median cost of $6,604 that our members spent to buy and install a new heat pump.

Our members told us that when their heat pump broke, three-fourths of all breakages resulted in a loss of heat for at least a day and for at least two days in 41 percent of all breakages.

For more information on heat pumps including how they work and how to make them more energy efficient, see our heat pump buying guide.

We analyzed data from our members on 24 different brands of heat pumps from such well-known companies as Trane and Carrier and also from some smaller, lesser-known companies such as Heil and Payne.

Here’s a detailed breakdown of the winners and losers among heat pump brands. Sixteen brands earn favorable marks for predicted reliability and two brands get our top marks for both predicted reliability and owner satisfaction.

Become a member to read the full article and get access to digital ratings.

We investigate, research, and test so you can choose with confidence.

Become a Member Or, Sign In

Sours: https://www.consumerreports.org/heat-pumps/most-and-least-reliable-heat-pumps-a2741062924/

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Heat Pump Reviews: ThermSelect

TermSelect Combines Different Sustainable Energy Resources into One, Unique Heating Solution!

Technology advancements, mass production benefits and market competition have made renewable heating solutions more affordable to households. Because of global warming concerns, the UK government has encouraged homeowners to install environmentally-friendly heating solutions by offering green incentive schemes.

Besides the typical air source and ground heat pumps, manufacturers have offered a number of hybrid heating solutions in recent years. Setting focus on efficiency, various models have combined different conventional and renewable heating systems.

Contrary to them, ThermSelect is an air/water-brine/water, entirely carbon-free heat pump. Developed in Germany, ThermSelect was one of the winners on the annual HVR Awards for Excellence in 2013, organized by the Heating and Ventilating Review in the UK.

Finding the right heat pump can be a difficult and time-consuming process. Let GreenMatch help you, by offering you up to 4 quotes from relevant suppliers. All you need to do is fill out the form on the top right corner of this page. It is free and non-obligatory

Heat Pump Review

ThermSelect: A Carbon Free Heating Innovation

Contrary to other hybrid heat pumps, ThermSelect combines only carbon-free, renewable heating sources in one unit. The air/water and brine/water system integrate either air and geothermal heat or air, geothermal and solar heat in one compact module.

ThermalSelect automatically switches to the most efficient operating mode depending on the weather conditions and can use either mode interchangeably or simultaneously. The device has enhanced controllability, handled by a control unit with separate controllers for the heat cycle and the geothermal circulation.

To enhance the efficiency of the hybrid pump, the components related to the pump’s controllability are designed in a way that helps them to communicate over a common bus.

ThermSelect: Product Specifics

ThermSelect devices are intended as heat sources for closed warm water central heating systems and for central warm water preparation. It is available in several devices with a specific mode of operations and extensive accessory sets. While the first two versions, ThermSelect and Pro, integrated air to water and geothermal systems, the Sun and Sun Pro versions can move geothermal, air and solar heat to your home. 

  • ThermSelect - offers the opportunity to choose alternatively between either ground or air heat
  • ThermSelect Pro - offers the opportunity to either use simultaneously ground and air heat or choose alternatively between them
  • ThermSelect Sun - offers the opportunity to alternatively use the ground and air heat on the source side and solar heat on the sink side 
  • ThermSelect Sun Pro - ground, air and solar heat are used as sources, while solar heat is fed into the heat sink when access is possible

ThermoSelect comes in two sizes (width x depth x height):

  • 690 x 600 x 900 and
  • 1030 x 730 x 900

The standard ThermoSelect sizes are available for a capacity range from 10.4-40.9 kW.

ThermSelect: Design

ThermSelect consists of inner and outer parts, combined in a compact design. It has two evaporators, an outside air evaporator and a brine evaporator, both connected to the heat pump cycle.

This helps it to automatically select the most efficient heating source based on the weather conditions. Depending on the operation mode, any of the heating sources may be used simultaneously (e.g. ThermSelect Pro) or alternatively.

The air/water-brine/water heat pump can be integrated with either a solar thermal system (e.g. ThermSelect Sun and ThermSelect Sun Pro) or with an ice-storage.

ThermSelect: Who Is It For?

Despite being compact, ThermSelect is a good heating solution for houses with gardens and enough space, where the ground collector can be put. Remember to check whether your property complies with the building requirements and whether you will be eligible for governmental incentives if you install ThermSelect.

ThermSelect is also for owners that set a focus on 100% environmentally friendly solutions. Not only is this hybrid heat pump entirely carbon-free, but also highly efficient and therefore with very low heating costs.

Heat Pumps: Advantages and Disadvantages

Based on your particular needs and preferences for carbon-free and/or cost-efficient heating solution, either typical heat pumps or hybrid heat pumps might prove to be the best solution. For example, air-source heat pumps have proved to be the best solution for people living in urban areas that prefer low-cost green heating option.

Without trying to provide a complete list, you can see some of the advantages and disadvantages of air to air heat pump, air to water heat pump, ground source heat pump and ThermalSelect hybrid pump summarized in the table below.

Marginally more efficient, operating at a lower heat emission temperatureFlexible emission systems, providing heat to heating circuits, e.g. water radiators and underfloor heatingThe heat levet do not depend on outside temperature fluctuationsEntirely carbon free
Quicker responce times than air to waterCan heat domestic hot waterDo not make dustThe unit automatically chooses the most efficient operating mode
Good solution for houses and flats in urban areasWill allow you to save between £395 to £2000 annually, depending on the conventional heating system you replace (according to Energy Saving Trust)Provides both heating and water
High energy efficiency (COP)
Can be integrated with either a solar thermal system or with an ice-storage
Do not heat hot water directlyThe flow rates of the water distribution system are critical for its functionality Not recommended for urban areasRequires a house with a garden and enough space for the ground collector
Not entirely carbon free, requires electricity to power the pumpNot entirely carbon free, requires electricity to power the pumpThere are usually either building requirements or limitations, depending on the property location
Not entirely carbon free, requires electricity to power the pump

Based on the product’s carbon-free focus and high efficiency, ThermSelect seems to be a good heating solution for households that prefer environmentally friendly products. Since this is a relatively new technology, there is no sufficient feedback that could give more insight into user experiences.

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Sours: https://www.greenmatch.co.uk/blog/2014/06/heat-pump-reviews-thermselect

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