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ADIF moves CCI seeking interim relief from Google Play Store commission

Search engine giant Google is celebrating its 23rd birthday on September 27. To mark the special day, Google unveiled a special birthday doodle on its homepage.The tech company said that

Search engine giant Google is celebrating its 23rd birthday on September 27. To mark the special day, Google unveiled a special birthday doodle on its homepage.The tech company said that "one chance encounter" between two computer scientists changed the course of the Internet and the lives of millions.

The Alliance of Digital India Foundation (ADIF), a New Delhi think tank consisting of entrepreneurs and startups, has moved the Competition Commission of India (CCI) to seek interim relief against the implementation of Google Play Store commission till the investigation into the tech giant’s abuse of dominance is complete.

Google Play Store commission of 30 percent in India will come into effect on March 31, 2022. The ADIF confirmed the development to Moneycontrol and said that the petition was filed in the CCI last week.

An email has been sent to Google on the same and the story will be updated based on the response.

CCI petition

According to ADIF, this relief has been sought by on behalf of App developers as Google’s new policy will restrict certain categories of apps to use only Google Billing System (GBS) for accepting payments.

"This would be an issue for app developers because GBS charges 30% percent commission for all transactions on the Google Play Store, compared to 2% charged by other payment processing systems. There is a strong case for seeking such relief as this new policy, when it goes into effect next March, would have a destructive effect on the operating margins of a large number of startups and make their business models infeasible," ADIF said in a statement.

The CCI had in November 2020 directed a probe into the issue of mandatory use of Google Play Store’s payment system for paid apps & in-app purchases. The commission is of the prima facie view that such a policy is unfair as it restricts the ability of app developers to select a payment processing system of their choice.

"Google’s new policy will exclude competing payment service providers from the market for payments for digital goods consumed through Android devices," the statement said. 

According to Sijo Kuruvilla George, Executive Director, ADIF if the status quo is not maintained pending the completion of the inquiry, Google will enforce its terms on the Play Store in March 2022, leading to irreversible consequences for India’s startup ecosystem.

CCI investigation into abuse to dominance

This development comes shortly after the Times of India reported that CCI's investigation arm found in its investigation that Google abused the dominant position of its Android operating system in the country to illegally hurt competitors. CCI had ordered a probe into Google's alleged abuse of Android in India in 2019. Android powers 98 percent of the smartphones in the country, as per market research firm Counterpoint. The tech giant said it has not yet received or reviewed this report.

Following this, Google had taken CCI to court over the "leak" of a confidential interim report related to an ongoing investigation into the company's Android smartphone agreements on September 23. The case was dismissed a few days later, with CCI agreeing to the company's requests to keep information confidential during the course of the investigation.

While Google has always charged a 30 percent commission for apps selling digital goods on their app stores, the firm said in October last year that it will more proactively enforce this commission starting September 30, 2021. It had noted that the change is expected to impact less than 3% of apps on Play Store that are currently not using the company's billing system

However, following a massive push back from the Indian developer community, the tech giant delayed the implementation to March 2022. It also reduced the commission rate to 15 percent for the first $1 million revenue developers earn using the Play billing system every year in March 2021.

Play store commissions

Google and Apple also do not allow other payment options for in-app purchases “Clearly they were overstepping the boundaries with the 30 percent commission, which not a lot of people were happy about and to be fair, the commission was out of whack,” Amit Ranjan, CoFounder, SlideShare and Architect, DigiLocker Project said.

Apart from India, Google and Apple are facing scrutiny over business practices related to their respective app marketplaces in several countries including the United States.

In September, South Korea's parliament had approved a bill that bans app store operators like Google and Apple from forcing app developers to use their own billing systems for in-app purchases.

ADIF has also planned to meet the MeitY officials to discuss possible policy intervention such as legislation to address the abuse of dominance by the big tech companies like Google and Apple.

Abuse of dominance in India

In 2018, Google was fined Rs 136 crore by the Competition Commission of India (CCI) against abuse of dominance for online general web search.

In June 2021, CCI also opened a probe over Google's alleged abuse of dominance in the Android TV operating system.

Vikas SN

Sours: https://www.moneycontrol.com/news/business/adif-moves-cci-seeking-interim-relief-from-google-play-store-commission-7568131.html

Google is introducing a major shift in the way that apps work on Android—and while the changes might not be too noticeable to consumers, it's important to be aware of what's happening and why, if you're a user of Google's mobile operating system.

Starting in August 2021, developers wanting to publish new Android apps on the Google Play Store will have to change how those apps are packaged together: Rather than the traditional APK (Android application package) format that has been in place for years, software makers are going to be required to use the AAB (Android app bundle) framework instead.

We're not going to get into detailed technical breakdowns of how these two standards differ—unless you're a developer, it won't change how you work with your apps—but one of the main reasons for the switch is the huge number of devices that Android runs on.

One of the key benefits of AAB is that it delivers only the parts of an app you actually need for your device. If you're using a phone, for example, you don't need the bigger graphics designed for tablet screens, so the app can be smaller and more lightweight. Rather than developers having to code and package separate APKs for separate devices—or putting everything together in one pile—they can use the AAB route to have this handled automatically.

It also gives developers more flexibility when it comes to delivering specific features (such as augmented reality add-ons, perhaps) to specific devices—users don't have to download everything all at once, in other words.

Another way this might be used is with games: Higher levels of a game don't necessarily need to be downloaded right away, which means users can get started more quickly on the lower levels without getting frustrated at lengthy loading times. Again, this all translates into a smaller download and a more nimble app.

Through the Play Store, Google takes on the job of splitting the main Android app bundle into a series of APKs specific to each device that requests one. On average, according to Google, these newly optimized APKs are 15 percent smaller than before.

AABs were introduced with Android 9 in 2018, but now Google is insisting that developers move to it, at least for new apps. Apps that are already on the Play Store can continue to use APKs for the time being, though the trend is only going one way: Google says most of the top 1,000 apps now use AABs, and there are over 1 million apps using the bundle format.

One of the areas this is going to make the most difference is on low-end hardware: Cheaper phones don't have the storage space or the processing power of the premium flagships, so the streamlining within the AAB standard should help substantially.

All of which sounds great, but there are still a few questions over the switch to AAB. For a start, only the Google Play Store uses it at the moment, which means that developers still have to get APKs ready for other portals like the Amazon App Store (who says they will support AABs)—which is the Android app library coming to Windows 11.

The AAB standard is open source, so other app libraries can adopt the format, and there isn't actually too much work for developers in moving from one standard to the other. But part of the AAB packaging process relies on Google's cloud computing power to verify apps, which means it has ever tighter control over the ecosystem and the way that apps are distributed.

It's also not clear what this is means for app sideloading, where users can put apps on their devices without going through official channels. It's a popular option for those who like to tinker and experiment with their devices, but if you're not careful it can cause security and stability problems.

The introduction of AAB as a requirement for new apps should make it harder for shady operators to rip packages from the Google Play Store, saddle them with malware, and try to push them through other channels—at least in theory. That's undoubtedly a benefit for users, but it remains to be seen whether this has knock-on effects for the openness of Android as a whole: For many users, one of the advantages of Android over iOS is that sideloading is possible, and this move would seem to make that more difficult.

For non-developers who only use the Google Play Store, the switch to AAB should be good news: apps that are more streamlined, more secure, and built specifically for the device they're being installed on. At the same time, it gives Google even more control over app distribution and makes the Google Play Store even more dominant when it comes to where you can get apps.


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Sours: https://www.wired.com/story/google-app-play-store-changes-apk-aab/
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You might receive an error that contains random numbers when you download Office apps from the Google Play store. The Google Play team is aware of this problem and is working to resolve the issues. In the meantime, please see below for more information and try the workarounds suggested.

What are Google Play Store errors?

Google Play Store Errors typically contain random numbers and are generated when you try to download apps from the Google Play Store. These errors might be due to Google Play Store updates, Google cache issues, Google Play Store stored data issues, or Google account issues.

The following are some of the most common Google Play Store errors:

  • Google Play Store error code 18

  • Google Play Store error code 20

  • Google Play Store error code 103

  • Google Play Store error code 194

  • Google Play Store error code 492

  • Google Play Store error code 495

  • Google Play Store error code 505

  • Google Play Store error code 506

  • Google Play Store error code 509

  • Google Play Store error code 905

Resolve Google Play Store Errors

Try the following workarounds to fix the Google Play Store errors.

Clear the Google Play Store cache

  1. Open the Settings menu on your device.

  2. Go to Apps or Application Manager. (This option might differ depending on your device.)

  3. Scroll to All apps and then scroll down to the Google Play Store app.

  4. Open the app details and tap the Force stop button.

  5. Tap the Clear cache button.

  6. Repeat the steps above, but replace Google Play Store in step 3 with Google Play services.

  7. Try to download the app again.

    Clear Cache of Google Play Store AppClear cache  button

Clear the Google Play Store data

If cleaning the cache of the Google Play Store and Google Play Services doesn't resolve the issue, try clearing the Google Play Store data:

  1. Open the Settings menu on your device.

  2. Go to Apps or Application Manager. (This option might differ depending on your device.)

  3. Scroll to All apps and then scroll down to the Google Play Store app.

  4. Open the app details and tap the Force stop button.

  5. Tap the Clear data button.

    Clear data button

When the cache and data are cleared, the Google Play Store error should be resolved. If not, continue to the next step.

Remove your Google account and then add it again

If clearing the cache and data doesn't resolve the issue, remove your Google account, restart your device, and then add your Google account again.

  1. Open the Settings menu on your device.

  2. Under Accounts, tap the name of the account that you want to remove. If you're using a Google account, tap Google and then the account.

  3. Tap the Menu icon on the top right corner of the screen.

  4. Tap Remove account.

  5. Restart your device and add your account again. Then try to download the app.

    Google AccountRemove Account

Additional help

If these steps don't resolve the error, refer to the following:

Sours: https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/office/resolve-app-installation-errors-in-google-play-store-abb73967-1758-497b-a6cd-27ef4094e7e3
Google Play Sign up - Google Play Store on PC, Laptop - Play Android Games on you Computer - Account

Google Play

Not to be confused with Google Store or Google Pay.

Digital distribution service by Google

Google Play.svg

Screenshot

Google Play (digital distribution platform) screenshot.png

Google Play Store on the web

Developer(s)Google
Initial releaseOctober 22, 2008; 12 years ago (2008-10-22) (as Android Market)
March 6, 2012; 9 years ago (2012-03-06) (as Google Play)

25.3.32 [1]

PlatformAndroid, Android TV, Wear OS, Chrome OS, Web
TypeDigital distribution, App store, Mobile game store, Video on demand, Ebook store

Online music store (closed in December 2020)

Websiteplay.google.com

Google Play, also branded as the Google Play Store and formerly Android Market, is a digital distribution service operated and developed by Google. It serves as the official app store for certified devices running on the Android operating system and its derivatives as well as Chrome OS, allowing users to browse and download applications developed with the Android software development kit (SDK) and published through Google. Google Play also serves as a digital media store, offering music, books, movies, and television programs.[2] Content that has been purchased on Google Play Movies & TV and Google Play Books can be accessed on a web browser, and through the Android and iOS apps.

Applications are available through Google Play either free of charge or at a cost. They can be downloaded directly on an Android device through the proprietary Play Store mobile app or by deploying the application to a device from the Google Play website. Applications utilizing hardware capabilities of a device can be targeted to users of devices with specific hardware components, such as a motion sensor (for motion-dependent games) or a front-facing camera (for online video calling). The Google Play store had over 82 billion app downloads in 2016 and reached over 3.5 million apps published in 2017,[3] while after a purge of apps is back to over 3 million.[4] It has been the subject of multiple issues concerning security, in which malicious software has been approved and uploaded to the store and downloaded by users, with varying degrees of severity.

Google Play was launched on March 6, 2012, bringing together Android Market, and the Google under one brand, marking a shift in Google's digital distribution strategy. The services included in Google Play are being discontinued in favor of YouTube Music in December 2020. Following their re-branding, Google has gradually expanded the geographical support for each of the services.

Catalog content[edit]

Android applications[edit]

Further information: Android (operating system)

Map of global availability of Google Play
Global availability of Google Play

By 2017, Google Play featured more than 3.5 million Android applications.[3][5] After Google purged a lot of apps from the Google Play store, the number of apps has risen back to over 3 million Android applications.[4][6] As of 2017, developers in more than 150 locations could distribute apps on Google Play, though not every location supports merchant registration.[7] Developers receive 70% of the application price, while the remaining 30% goes to the distribution partner and operating fees.[citation needed] Developers can set up sales, with the original price struck out and a banner underneath informing users when the sale ends.[8][9] Google Play allows developers to release early versions of apps to a select group of users, as alpha or beta tests.[9] Users can pre-order select apps (as well as movies, music, books, and games) to have the items delivered as soon as they are available.[10] Some network carriers offer billing for Google Play purchases, allowing users to opt for charges in the monthly phone bill rather than on credit cards.[11] Users can request refunds within 48 hours after a purchase.[12]

Games[edit]

Main article: Google Play Games

At the Google I/O 2013 Developer Conference, Google announced the introduction of Google Play Games.[13] Google Play Games is an online gaming service for Android that features real-time multiplayer gaming capabilities, cloud saves, social and public leaderboards, and achievements. Its standalone mobile app was launched on July 24, 2013.[14]

Books[edit]

Main article: Google Play Books

Map of Global Availability of Google Play Books
Global availability of Google Play Books

Google Play Books is an ebookdigital distribution service. Google Play offers over five million ebooks available for purchase,[15] and users can also upload up to 1,000 of their own ebooks in the form of PDF or EPUBfile formats.[16] As of January 2017[update], Google Play Books is available in 75 countries.[17]

Movies and TV shows[edit]

Main article: Google TV

Global availability of Google Play Movies & TV

Google Play Movies & TV was a video on demand service offering movies and television shows available for purchase or rental, depending on availability.[18]

As of January 2017[update], movies are available in over 110 countries, while TV shows are available only in Australia, Austria, Canada, France, Germany, Japan, Switzerland, the United States and the United Kingdom.[17]

In October 2020, Google Play Movies & TV was renamed Google TV.

Play Pass[edit]

Main article: Google Play Pass

Map of global availability of Google Play Pass
Global availability of Google Play Pass

On September 23, 2019, Google launched its Google Play Pass games and apps subscription service in the US.[19][20] As of September 2019, subscribers could access the games and apps without ads and in-app purchases. The program is invitation-only for app developers, who then can integrate the service into their existing apps.[21]

Device updates[edit]

Google introduced Project Mainline in Android 10, allowing core OS components to be updated via the Google Play Store, without requiring a complete system update.[22][23]

Android 10 supports updates for core OS components including:

  • Security: Media Codecs, Media Framework Components, DNS Resolver, Conscrypt
  • Privacy: Documents UI, Permission Controller, ExtServices
  • Consistency: Time zone data, ANGLE (developers opt-in), Module Metadata, Networking components, Captive Portal Login, Network Permission Configuration[22]

On December 4, 2019, Qualcomm announced their Snapdragon 865 supports GPU drivers updated via the Google Play Store. This feature was initially introduced with Android Oreo but vendors had not added support yet.[24]

Teacher Approved[edit]

In 2020, Google launched a new children-focused 'Teacher Approved' section for the Google Play Store. Apps marked as 'Teacher Approved' meet higher standards approved for educational purposes.[25][26]

History[edit]

Former Google Play logo, 2012

Google Play (previously styled Google play) originated from three distinct products: Android Market, Google Music and Google eBookstore.[27]

Android Market was announced by Google on August 28, 2008,[28][29] and was made available to users on October 22.[30][31] In December 2010, content filtering was added to Android Market, each app's details page started showing a promotional graphic at the top, and the maximum size of an app was raised from 25 megabytes to 50 megabytes.[32][33][34] The Google eBookstore was launched on December 6, 2010, debuting with three million ebooks, making it "the largest ebooks collection in the world".[35] In November 2011, Google announced Google Music, a section of the Play Store offering music purchases.[36][37] In March 2012, Google increased the maximum allowed size of an app by allowing developers to attach two expansion files to an app's basic download; each expansion file with a maximum size of 2 gigabytes, giving app developers a total of 4 gigabytes.[38][39] Also in March 2012, Android Market was re-branded as Google Play.[40][41][42]

The Google Play Store, including all Android apps, came to Chrome OS in September 2016.[43][44]

In May 2021, Google Play announced plans to implement a new section with privacy information for all applications in its storefront. The project is similar to App Store's privacy labels and is expected to be released in full in the first half of 2022. The feature will show users what kind of information each app collects, whether the data it stores is encrypted and whether users can opt out of being tracked by the application.[45]

Music[edit]

Main article: Google Play Music

Map of global availability of Google Play Music
Global availability of Google Play Music

Google Play Music was a music and podcaststreaming service and online music locker. It features over 40 million songs,[46] and gives users free cloud storage of up to 50,000 songs.[47]

As of May 2017[update], Google Play Music was available in 64 countries.[17]

In June 2018, Google announced plans to shut down Play Music by 2020 and offered users to migrate to YouTube Music, migration to Google Podcasts was announced in May 2020.[48][49] In October 2020, the music store for Google Play Music was shutdown.[50] Google Play Music was shut down in December 2020 and was replaced by YouTube Music and Google Podcasts.[2]

News publications and magazines[edit]

Main article: Google Play Newsstand

Map of Global Availability of Google Play Newsstand
Global availability of Google Play Newsstand

Google Play Newsstand was a news aggregator and digital newsstand service offering subscriptions to digital magazines and topical news feeds.[51] Google released Newsstand in November 2013, combining the features of Google Play Magazines and Google Currents into a single product.[52]

As of January 2017[update], the basic Newsstand service, was available worldwide. As of 2017, paid Newsstand content was available in more than 35 countries.[citation needed]

On May 15, 2018, the mobile app merged with Google News & Weather to form Google News. The Newsstand section continued to appear on the Google Play website until November 5, 2018, but now is only available through the Google News app.[53]

Devices[edit]

Main article: Google Store

Until March 2015, Google Play had a "Devices" section for users to purchase Google Nexus devices, Chromebooks, Chromecasts, other Google-branded hardware, and accessories. A separate online hardware retailer called the Google Store was introduced on March 11, 2015, replacing the Devices section of Google Play.[54][55]

User interface[edit]

Apart from searching for content by name, apps can also be searched through keywords provided by the developer.[56] When searching for apps, users can press on suggested search filters, helping them to find apps matching the determined filters.[57] For the discoverability of apps, Play Store consists of lists featuring top apps in each category, including "Top Free", a list of the most popular free apps of all time; "Top Paid", a list of the most popular paid apps of all time; "Top Grossing", a list of apps generating the highest amounts of revenue; "Trending Apps", a list of apps with recent installation growth; "Top New Free", a list of the most popular new free apps; "Top New Paid", a list of the most popular new paid apps; "Featured", a list of new apps selected by the Google Play team; "Staff Picks", a frequently-updated list of apps selected by the Google Play team; "Editors' Choice", a list of apps considered the best of all time; and "Top Developer", a list of apps made by developers considered the best.[58] In March 2017, Google added a "Free App of the Week" section, offering one normally-paid app for free.[59][60] In July 2017, Google expanded its "Editors' Choice" section to feature curated lists of apps deemed to provide good Android experiences within overall themes, such as fitness, video calling and puzzle games.[61][62]

Google Play enables users to know the popularity of apps, by displaying the number of times the app has been downloaded. The download count is a color-coded badge, with special color designations for surpassing certain app download milestones, including grey for 100, 500, 1,000 and 5,000 downloads, blue for 10,000 and 50,000 downloads, green for 100,000 and 500,000 downloads, and red/orange for 1 million, 5 million, 10 million and 1 billion downloads.[63][64]

Users can submit reviews and ratings for apps and digital content distributed through Google Play, which are displayed publicly. Ratings are based on a 5-point scale. App developers can respond to reviews[65] using the Google Play Developer Console.[66]

Design[edit]

Google has redesigned Google Play's interface on several occasions. In February 2011, Google introduced a website interface for the then-named Android Market that provides access through a computer.[67] Applications purchased are downloaded and installed on an Android device remotely, with a "My Market Account" section letting users give their devices a nickname for easy recognition.[68] In May 2011, Google added new application lists to Android Market, including "Top Paid", "Top Free", "Editor's Choice", "Top Grossing", "Top Developers", and "Trending".[69][70] In July, Google introduced an interface with a focus on featured content, more search filters, and (in the US) book sales and movie rentals.[71] In May 2013, a redesign to the website interface matched the then-recently redesigned Android app.[72] In July 2014, the Play Store Android app added new headers to the Books/Movies sections, a new Additional Information screen offering a list featuring the latest available app version, installed size, and content rating, and simplified the app permissions prompt into overview categories.[73] A few days later, it got a redesign consistent with the then-new Material Design design language,[74][75] and the app was again updated in October 2015 to feature new animations, divide up the content into "Apps and Games" and "Entertainment" sections, as well as added support for languages read right-to-left.[76][77][78] In April 2016, Google announced a redesign of all the icons used for its suite of Play apps, adding a similar style and consistent look.[79][80] In May 2017, Google removed the shopping bag from the Google Play icon, with only the triangle and associated colors remaining.[81][82] In March 2018, Google experimented by changing the format of the screenshots used for the App pages from the WebP format to PNG but reverted the change after it caused the images to load more slowly. The update also saw small UI tweaks to the Google Play Store site with the reviews section now opening to a dedicated page and larger images in the light box viewer.[83][84]

Google Play Instant Apps[edit]

Launched in 2017, Google Play Instant, also known as Google Instant Apps, allows to use an app or game without installing it first.[85][86]

App monetization[edit]

Google states in its Developer Policy Center that "Google Play supports a variety of monetization strategies to benefit developers and users, including paid distribution, in-app products, subscriptions, and ad-based models", and requires developers to comply with the policies in order to "ensure the best user experience". It requires that developers charging for apps and downloads through Google Play must use Google Play's payment system. In-app purchases unlocking additional app functionality must also use the Google Play payment system, except in cases where the purchase "is solely for physical products" or "is for digital content that may be consumed outside of the app itself (e.g. songs that can be played on other music players)."[87] Support for paid applications was introduced on February 13, 2009 for developers in the United States and the United Kingdom,[88] with support expanded to an additional 29 countries on September 30, 2010.[89] The in-app billing system was originally introduced in March 2011.[90] All developers on Google Play are required to feature a physical address on the app's page in Google Play, a requirement established in September 2014.[91]

In February 2017, Google announced that it would let developers set sales for their apps, with the original price struck out and a banner underneath informing users when the sale ends. Google also announced that it had made changes to its algorithms to promote games based on user engagement and not just downloads. Finally, it announced new editorial pages for what it considers "optimal gaming experiences on Android", further promoting and curating games.[92][8][9]

Payment methods[edit]

Google allows users to purchase content with credit or debit cards, carrier billing, gift cards, or through PayPal.[93] Google began rolling out carrier billing for purchases in May 2012,[11][94] followed by support for PayPal in May 2014.[95][96]

Gift cards[edit]

Gift cards in a Targetstore in the United States

The rumor of Google Play gift cards started circulating online in August 2012 after references to it were discovered by Android Police in the 3.8.15 version update of the Play Store Android app.[97] Soon after, images of the gift cards started to leak,[98] and on August 21, 2012 they were made official by Google and rolled out over the next few weeks.[99][100]

As of April 2017 Google Play gift cards are available in the following countries: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States.[101]

Subscriptions[edit]

Google introduced in-app subscriptions to Google Play in May 2012.[102][103] In June 2016, some sources reported that Google announced that subscriptions charged through Google Play would now split the revenue 85/15, where developers receive 85% of revenue and Google takes 15%, a change from the traditional 70/30 split in years prior. The move followed Apple's then-recently announced change of the same model, although commentators were quick to point out that while Apple grants the 85/15 revenue share after one year of active subscriptions, Google's subscription change takes effect immediately.[104][105][106] As of January 1, 2018, the transaction fee for subscription products decreased to 15% for any subscribers developers retain after 12 paid months,[107] establishing that, unlike what sources were reporting, Google is using the same model as Apple with in-app subscriptions on the App Store.

Play Store on Android[edit]

Get it on Google Playbadge

Play Store is Google's official pre-installed app store on Android-certified devices. It provides access to content on the Google Play Store, including apps, books, magazines, music, movies, and television programs.[111] Devices do not ship with the Play Store in China, with manufacturers offering their own alternative.[112]

Play Store filters the list of apps to those compatible with the user's device. Developers can target specific hardware components (such as compass), software components (such as widget), and Android versions (such as 7.0 Nougat).[113]Carriers can also ban certain apps from being installed on users' devices, for example tethering applications.[114]

There is no requirement that Android applications be acquired using the Play Store. Users may download Android applications from a developer's website or through a third-party app store alternative.[115] Play Store applications are self-contained Android Package files (APK), similar to .exe files to install programs on Microsoft Windows computers.[116] On Android devices, an "Unknown sources" feature in Settings allows users to bypass the Play Store and install APKs from other sources.[117] Depending on developer preferences, some apps can be installed to a phone's external storage card.[118]

Installation history[edit]

The Play Store app features a history of all installed apps. Users can remove apps from the list, with the changes also synchronizing to the Google Play website interface, where the option to remove apps from the history does not exist.[119]

Compatibility[edit]

Google publishes the source code for Android through its "Android Open Source Project", allowing enthusiasts and developers to program and distribute their own modified versions of the operating system. However, not all these modified versions are compatible with apps developed for Google's official Android versions. The "Android Compatibility Program" serves to "define a baseline implementation of Android that is compatible with third-party apps written by developers". Only Android devices that comply with Google's compatibility requirements may install and access Google's Play Store application. As stated in a help page for the Android Open Source Project, "Devices that are "Android compatible" may participate in the Android ecosystem, including Android Market; devices that don't meet the compatibility requirements exist outside that ecosystem. In other words, the Android Compatibility Program is how we separate "Android compatible devices" from devices that merely run derivatives of the source code. We welcome all uses of the Android source code, but only Android compatible devices—as defined and tested by the Android Compatibility Program—may participate in the Android ecosystem."[120]

Some device manufacturers choose to use their own app store instead of or in addition to the Play Store.

Google Play Services[edit]

Main article: Google Play Services

In 2012, Google began decoupling certain aspects of its Android operating system (particularly its core applications) so they could be updated through the Google Play store independently of the OS. One of those components, Google Play Services, is a closed-source system-level process providing APIs for Google services, installed automatically on nearly all devices running Android 2.2 "Froyo" and higher. With these changes, Google can add new system functionality through Play Services and update apps without having to distribute an upgrade to the operating system itself.[121] As a result, Android 4.2 and 4.3 "Jelly Bean" contained relatively fewer user-facing changes, focusing more on minor changes and platform improvements.[122]

History of app growth[edit]

Year Month Applications available Downloads to date
2009 March 2,300[123]
December 16,000[124]
2010 March 30,000[125]
April 38,000[126]
July 70,000[127]
September 80,000[128]
October 100,000[129]
2011 April 3 billion[130]
May 200,000[131]4,5 billion[131]
July 250,000[132]6 billion[132]
October 500,000[133][134]
December 10 billion[135]
2012 April 15 billion[136]
June 600,000[137]20 billion[137]
September 675,000[138]25 billion[138]
October 700,000[139]
2013 May 48 billion[140]
July 1 million[141]50 billion[141]
2016 82 billion[142]
2017 February 2.7 million[5]

Google Play Awards and yearly lists[edit]

In April 2016, Google announced the Google Play Awards, described as "a way to recognize our incredible developer community and highlight some of the best apps and games". The awards showcase five nominees across ten award categories, and the apps are featured in a dedicated section of Google Play. Google stated that "Nominees were selected by a panel of experts on the Google Play team based on criteria emphasizing app quality, innovation, and having a launch or major update in the last 12 months", with the winners announced in May.[143][144]

Google has also previously released yearly lists of apps it deemed the "best" on Google Play.[145][146]

On March 6, 2017, five years after Google Play's launch, Google released lists of the best-selling apps, games, movies, music, and books over the past five years.[147][148]

In June 2017, Google introduced "Android Excellence", a new editorial program to highlight the apps deemed the highest quality by the Google Play editors.[149][150]

In 2020, Google Play awarded the Disney+ emerged as the top app of the year for users in the US, and SpongeBob: Krusty Cook-Off taking the honors in the gaming category.[151]

Application approval[edit]

Google places some restrictions on the types of apps that can be published, in particular not allowing sexually explicit content, child endangerment, violence, bullying & harassment, hate speech, gambling, illegal activities, and requiring precautions for user-generated content.[152]

In March 2015, Google disclosed that over the past few months, it had been begun using a combination of automated tools and human reviewers to check apps for malware and terms of service violations before they are published in the Play Store. At the same time, it began rolling out a new age-based ratings system for apps and games, based on a given region's official ratings authority (for example, ESRB in the US).[153][154][155]

In October 2016, Google announced a new detection and filtering system designed to provide "additional enhancements to protect the integrity of the store". The new system is aimed to detect and filter cases where developers have been attempting to "manipulate the placement of their apps through illegitimate means like fraudulent installs, fake reviews, and incentivized ratings".[156][157][158]

In April 2019, Google announced changes to the store's app review process, stating that it would take several days to review app submissions from new and less-established developers. [159] The company later clarified that, in exceptional cases, certain apps may be subject to an expanded review process, delaying publication by seven days or longer. [160][161]

Application bans[edit]

Some mobile carriers can block users from installing certain apps. In March 2009, reports surfaced that several tethering apps were banned from the store.[162] However, the apps were later restored, with a new ban preventing only T-Mobile subscribers from downloading the apps. Google released a statement:[163]

On Monday, several applications that enable tethering were removed from the Android Market catalog because they were in violation of T-Mobile's terms of service in the US. Based on Android's Developer Distribution Agreement (section 7.2), we remove applications from the Android Market catalog that violate the terms of service of a carrier or manufacturer. We inadvertently unpublished the applications for all carriers, and today we have corrected the problem so that all Android Market users outside the T-Mobile US network will now have access to the applications. We have notified the affected developers.

In April 2011, Google removed the Grooveshark app from the store due to unspecified policy violations. CNET noted that the removal came "after some of the top music labels have accused the service of violating copyright law".[164]TechCrunch wrote approximately two weeks later that Grooveshark had returned to Android, "albeit not through the official App Market", but rather "Playing on Android's ability to install third-party applications through the browser, Grooveshark has taken on the responsibility of distributing the application themselves".[165]

In May 2011, Google banned the account of the developer of several video game emulators. Neither Google nor the developer publicly revealed the reason for the ban.[166]

In March 2013, Google began to pull ad blocking apps from the Play Store, per section 4.4 of the developers' agreement, which prohibits apps that interfere with servers and services.[167]

Apps that exempt themselves from power management policies introduced on Android Marshmallow without being "adversely affected" by them, are banned.[168][169]

In July 2018, Google banned additional categories of apps, including those that perform cryptocurrencymining on-device, apps that "facilitate the sale of explosives, firearms, ammunition, or certain firearms accessories", are only used to present ads, contain adult content but are aimed towards children, "multiple apps with highly similar content and user experience," and "apps that are created by an automated tool, wizard service, or based on templates and submitted to Google Play by the operator of that service on behalf of other persons."[170]

Application security[edit]

In February 2012, Google introduced a new automated antivirus system, called Google Bouncer, to scan both new and existing apps for malware (e. g. spyware or trojan horses).[171][172] In 2017, the Bouncer feature and other safety measures within the Android platform were rebranded under the umbrella name Google Play Protect, a system that regularly scans apps for threats.[173][174]

Android apps can ask for or require certain permissions on the device, including access to body sensors, calendar, camera, contacts, location, microphone, phone, SMS, storage, WI-FI, and access to Google accounts.[175]

In July 2017, Google described a new security effort called "peer grouping", in which apps performing similar functionalities, such as calculator apps, are grouped together and attributes compared. If one app stands out, such as requesting more device permissions than others in the same group, Google's systems automatically flag the app and security engineers take a closer inspection. Peer grouping is based on app descriptions, metadata, and statistics such as download count.[176][177]

Security issues[edit]

In early March 2011, DroidDream, a trojanrootkit exploit, was released to the then-named Android Market in the form of several free applications that were, in many cases, pirated versions of existing priced apps. This exploit allowed hackers to steal information such as IMEI and IMSI numbers, phone model, user ID, and service provider. The exploit also installed a backdoor that allowed the hackers to download more code to the infected device.[178] The exploit only affected devices running Android versions earlier than 2.3 "Gingerbread".[179] Google removed the apps from the Market immediately after being alerted,[180] but the apps had already been downloaded more than 50,000 times, according to Android Police's estimate.[178]Android Police wrote that the only method of removing the exploit from an infected device was to reset it to a factory state, although community-developed solutions for blocking some aspects of the exploit were created.[180] A few days later, Google confirmed that 58 malicious apps had been uploaded to Android Market, and had been downloaded to 260,000 devices before being removed from the store.[181] Google emailed affected users with information that "As far as we can determine, the only information obtained was device-specific (IMEI/IMSI, unique codes which are used to identify mobile devices, and the version of Android running on your device)" as opposed to personal data and account information.[181] It also announced the then-new "remote kill" functionality, alongside a security update, that lets Google remotely remove malicious apps from users' devices.[181] However, days later, a malicious version of the security update was found on the Internet, though it did not contain the specific DroidDream malware.[182] New apps featuring the malware, renamed DroidDream Light, surfaced the following June, and were also removed from the store.[183]

At the Black Hat security conference in 2012, security firm Trustwave demonstrated their ability to upload an app that would circumvent the Bouncer blocker system. The application used a JavaScript exploit to steal contacts, SMS messages, and photos, and was also capable of making the phone open arbitrary web pages or launch denial-of-service attacks. Nicholas Percoco, senior vice president of Trustwave's SpiderLabs advanced security team, stated that "We wanted to test the bounds of what it's capable of". The app stayed on Google Play for more than two weeks, being repeatedly scanned by the Bouncer system without detection, with Percoco further saying that "As an attack, all a malware attacker has to do to get into Google Play is to bypass Bouncer". Trustwave reached out to Google to share their findings, but noted that more manual testing of apps might be necessary to detect apps using malware-masking techniques.[184][185]

According to a 2014 research study released by RiskIQ, a security services company, malicious apps introduced through Google Play increased 388% between 2011 and 2013, while the number of apps removed by Google dropped from 60% in 2011 to 23% in 2013. The study further revealed that "Apps for personalizing Android phones led all categories as most likely to be malicious".[186][187] According to PC World, "Google said it would need more information about RiskIQ's analysis to comment on the findings."[188]

In October 2016, Engadget reported about a blog post named "Password Storage in Sensitive Apps" from freelance Android hacker Jon Sawyer, who decided to test the top privacy apps on Google Play.[189] Testing two applications, one named "Hide Pictures Keep Safe Vault" and the other named "Private Photo Vault", Sawyer found significant errors in password handling in both, and commented, "These companies are selling products that claim to securely store your most intimate pieces of data, yet are at most snake oil. You would have near equal protection just by changing the file extension and renaming the photos."[190][191]

In April 2017, security firm Check Point announced that a malware named "FalseGuide" had been hidden inside approximately 40 "game guide" apps in Google Play.[192] The malware is capable of gaining administrator access to infected devices, where it then receives additional modules that let it show popup ads. The malware, a type of botnet, is also capable of launching DDoS attacks.[193][192] After being alerted to the malware, Google removed all instances of it in the store,[193] but by that time, approximately two million Android users had already downloaded the apps, the oldest of which had been around since November 2016.[192]

In June 2017, researchers from the Sophos security company announced their finding of 47 apps using a third-party development library that shows intrusive advertisements on users' phones. Even after such apps are force-closed by the user, advertisements remain. Google removed some of the apps after receiving reports from Sophos, but some apps remained. When asked for comment, Google didn't respond.[194] In August 2017, 500 apps were removed from Google Play after security firm Lookout discovered that the apps contained an SDK that allowed for malicious advertising. The apps had been collectively downloaded over 100 million times, and consisted of a wide variety of use cases, including health, weather, photo-editing, Internet radio and emoji.[195][196]

In all of 2017, over 700,000 apps were banned from Google Play due to abusive contents; this is a 70% increase over the number of apps banned in 2016.[197]

In March 2020, Check Point discovered 56 apps containing a malware program that had infected a total of 1 million devices. The program, called Tekya, was designed to evade detection by Google Play Protect and VirusTotal and then fraudulently click on ads. Around the same time, Dr. Web discovered at least six apps with 700,000 total downloads containing at least 18 modifications program called Android.Circle.1. In addition to performing click fraud, Android.Circle.1 can also operate as adware and perform phishing attacks.[198]

On July 1, 2021, Dr. Web discovered malicious apps on Google Play that steal Facebook users' logins and passwords. Their specialists uncovered 9 trojans that were available on Google Play Store with over 5.8 million installs among them. The apps tricked victims into logging into their Facebook accounts and hijacked the credentials via JavaScript code.[199] Google removed these apps later on.[200]

On September 29 2021, Zimperium zLabs recently discovered a large-scale malware campaign has infected more than 10 million Android devices from over 70 countries and likely stole hundreds of millions from its victims by subscribing to paid services without their knowledge. GriftHorse, the trojan used in these attacks, was discovered by researchers who first spotted this illicit global premium services campaign. This campaign has been active for roughly five months, between November 2020 and April 2021, when their malicious apps were last updated. The malware was delivered using over 200 trojanized Android applications delivered through Google's official Play Store and third-party app stores. Google has removed the apps after being notified of their malicious nature but this malware are still available for download on third-party repositories. [201]

Patent issues[edit]

Some developers publishing on Google Play have been sued for patent infringement by "patent trolls", people who own broad or vaguely worded patents that they use to target small developers. If the developer manages to successfully challenge the initial assertion, the "patent troll" changes the claim of the violation in order to accuse the developer of having violated a different assertion in the patent. This situation continues until the case goes into the legal system, which can have substantial economic costs, prompting some developers to settle.[202] In February 2013, Austin Meyer, a flight simulator game developer, was sued for having used a copy-protection system in his app, a system that he said "Google gave us! And, of course, this is what Google provides to everyone else that is making a game for Android!" Meyer claimed that Google would not assist in the lawsuit, and he stated that he would not settle the case.[203] His battle with the troll continued for several years, uploading a video in June 2016 discussing that he was then being sued for uploading his app to Google Play, because "the patent troll apparently owns the idea [sic] of the Google Play Store itself".[202]Android Authority wrote that "This scenario has played out against many other app developers for many years", and have prompted discussions over "a larger issue at stake", in which developers stop making apps out of fear of patent problems.[202]

Availability[edit]

Users outside the countries/regions listed below only have access to free apps and games through Google Play.

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Play

Play store goggle

 You are seen, you are loved, and you are heard!

Before Tabitha Brown was one of the most popular personalities in the world, sharing her delicious vegan home cooking and compassionate wisdom with millions of followers across social media, she was an aspiring actress who in 2016 began struggling with undiagnosed chronic autoimmune pain. Her condition made her believe she wouldn’t live to see forty--until she started listening to what her soul and her body truly needed. Now, in this life-changing book, Tabitha shares the wisdom she gained from her own journey, showing readers how to make a life for themselves that is rooted in nonjudgmental kindness and love, both for themselves and for others.

Tabitha grounds her lessons in stories about her own life, career, faith, and family in this funny, down-to-earth book, built around the catchphrases that her fans know and love, including:

Hello There!: Why hope, joy, and clarity are so very needed

That’s Your Business: Defining yourself, and being okay with that

Have the Most Amazing Day . . . : Choosing joy and living with intention

But Don’t Go Messin’ Up No One Else’s: Learning to walk in kindness even when the world doesn’t feel kind

Like So, Like That: Living life without measurement

Very Good: Living in peace and creating good from the bad

Rich with personal stories and inspirational quotes, and sprinkled with a few easy vegan recipes, Feeding the Soul is a book to share--and to return to when you want to feel seen, loved, and heard.

Supplemental enhancement PDF accompanies the audiobook.

Sours: https://play.google.com/
How to install Google Play Store in Xiaomi phone?/ Xiaomi ဖုန်းတွေမှာ play store ထည့်သွင်းနည်း

GOOGLE PLAY STORE

Technology News

'Google Play Store'- 289 Story Search Result(s)

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  • Google Play to Cut App Store Fee by Half on Developers' First $1 Million in Sales
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  • App Spending on Christmas Grew 35 Percent to $407 Million Globally: Sensor Tower
  • Bumble, OKCupid Android Apps Plagued With an Old Flaw That Puts Millions of Users’ Data at Risk: Check Point
  • FAU-G Pre-Registrations on Google Play Cross 1 Million in 3 Days, Announces Developer
  • Google Play Store the Main Distributor for Malware on Android Phones: Report

'Google Play Store'- 13 Video Search Result(s)

Sours: https://gadgets.ndtv.com/tags/google-play-store

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