2000 saturn car

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2000 Saturn SL2

Saturn’s S-Series sedans, the SL, SL1 and SL2, are redesigned for 2000. Changes include a restyled exterior, an all-new interior, extensive updates to the electronics and a new anti-lock braking system.

But before making all these changes, Saturn says it listened closely to what its customers were saying they wanted. Since Saturn’s launch just one decade ago, GM’s newest division has focused on maintaining a close relationship with its customers. So when it came time to redesign its core product, the S-Series sedans, Saturn listened. Every time a change was considered, the company asked itself whether it would add value for the customer.

These cars do indeed offer value. Saturn has been winning accolades for high resale values and its cars are regarded for low maintenance and repair costs. Prices for the S-Series sedans range from $11,000 to $16,000. Buying one brings the owner into the Saturn family. You are treated well during the buying process; Saturn has been named best overall nameplate in sales satisfaction by the J.D. Power research firm for four consecutive years. But that’s only the beginning. When it’s time for service, you are welcomed back warmly. There are even picnics and other family gatherings.

The only thing diluting all this good value is that, in the past, the cars have been perceived to be unrefined. To address this, Saturn completely redesigned its S-Series engines for 1999 to make them smoother and quieter. Coupled with this year’s refinements, the 2000 S-Series sedans have much to offer people who are seeking value and a pleasant ownership experience.

Model Lineup

Saturn’s S-series consists of a coupe, a sedan, and a wagon, all based on the same platform. Each body style is distinguished by a base model and a more-powerful model. It is useful to think of the number in the model designation as standing for the number of camshafts in the engine: The SL1 sedan comes with a single-cam engine (sohc), while the SL2 is powered by a more powerful twin-cam (dohc). It works the same way with the SC1 and SC2 coupes. The wagon, however, only comes as an SW2.

Saturn’s sedan lineup consists of the $10,685 SL, $11,485 SL1, $12,895 SL2. An automatic transmission adds $860. Anti-lock brakes are $695.

Prices for options have risen and can drive up the SL’s bottom line. A $1,480 Option Package 2 for the SL2 adds cruise control, power windows, power door locks, remote keyless entry and security system, dual power mirrors and aluminum alloy wheels. A similar package for the SL1 goes for $2,090. Air conditioning is standard on SL2, but adds $960 to the SL and SL1. Sunroofs, spoilers, CD stereos, fog lamps and leather drove our SL2 to $18,550.

Walkaround

Its upswept, mildly wedge-shaped body and clean, smooth surfaces continue to form Saturn’s distinctive design. But all body panels below the beltline are new for 2000, giving the cars a fresh exterior appearance.

2000 S-series sedans retain the dent-resistant polymer body panels. These plastic body panels, bonded to a steel subframe, are flexible so that minor dings don’t form lasting impressions. And they won’t rust.

New reflector headlamps are designed to offer improved lighting. Taillamps are redesigned with a contemporary wraparound look. New wheel designs further freshen the appearance.

Interior Features

Gone is the functional but funky interior and we don’t miss it. The interior has been dramatically restyled for 2000. The new one is attractive and its styling reflects that of the exterior design.

The top of the dash looks better and is designed to reduce squeaks and rattles. A new instrument cluster provides more information with a revised telltale display. A new center console features storage for audio tapes, provisions for a six-disc CD changer and improved cupholders. SL2 models include an armrest with fore-aft adjustment. New door panels offer additional storage space with a place for a 12-ounce soda can. A new steering wheel locates the horn button in the center with cruise-control buttons on the spokes.

Saturn S-Series sedans seat five, four comfortably. SL1 and SL2 come fully trimmed in cloth, while the SL uses cloth and vinyl. Saturn upgraded all the fabrics for 2000. Leather trim is available for the SL2 for $700, which includes a comfortable leather-wrapped steering wheel with contoured humps at the proper 2 and 10 o’clock hand positions. The grey leather in our SL2 was attractive and comfortable. Front seats offer improved built-in lumbar support for 2000. Fore and aft seat travel has been increased to provide additional legroom for taller drivers, addressing a complaint we had last year. Stereo performance has been improved, but the small buttons make it a challenge to operate.

Reduced-force airbags are standard, of course. Seatbelts were revised last year with buckles and shoulder belt height adjusters that are easier to use. New for 2000 are top tether anchors for child safety seats.

Power door locks have been improved: For starters, the system won’t let you lock the car with the key in the ignition. The horn complains if you try to lock the car with a door or the trunk lid open. The range of the keyless remote has been increased to 30 feet. Vandals and thieves are thwarted by an alarm that goes off if the doors or trunk are tampered with and an engine that won’t start if the ignition is tampered.

SL sedan trunk is big, but shallow. SC coupe offers almost as much cargo capacity with 11.4 cubic feet compared with the sedan’s 12.1 cubic feet. SW2 wagon offers nearly 25 cubic feet with the seats up, more than 58 cubic feet with them folded down.

Driving Impressions

Our Saturn SL2 is substantially improved over pre-1999 models. These cars have always handled well and that holds true. Steering and handling is one of Saturn’s strongest suits. The SL2 seems to provide more accurate steering response than a Dodge Neon. It comes with 185/65R15 tires that provide good roadholding in sharp corners. (This year’s SL and SL1 models come with 185/65R14 tires.) Though it rides well, the softly tuned springs allow the body to lean in turns. Softer springs also require slowing a bit more for rough roads to avoid bottoming out the suspension. It feels stable at high speeds, though strong crosswinds blow it around a bit.

GM worked hard to reduce noise and vibration in the 1999 Saturn engines. Pistons were made smaller and lighter, connecting rods were made longer, more counterweighting was added to the crankshaft, the block was redesigned and reinforced, the timing chain was made smaller. The cylinder head was redesigned on the twin-cam engine. The list goes on and on.

All that work paid off. The new twin-cam engine is so smooth that power delivery is now nearly invisible. It’s also much quieter at cruising speeds. The noises you do hear are not as annoying. The SL2 engine now hums along happily with a pleasant roar in the middle of the rev range. It no longer feels like it’s going to blow up every time you hold the gas all the way down for an extended period. The muffler produces a pleasing sound. Road noise, engine noise and ride quality still do not match that of some of the more refined German and Japanese cars in this class, however.

Saturn’s S-series cars deliver excellent fuel economy. The SL gets 40 mpg highway, while the SL2 gets 38 mpg. The SL2 isn’t as quick as a Dodge Neon or Honda Civic, but it offers good performance in city traffic. Saturn claims the SL2 can accelerate from 0 to 60 mph in a respectable 9 seconds.

To save money, Saturn last year changed the rear brakes from discs to drums on all S-series models, something we don’t think rates as progress. In all fairness, however, base Hondas and Toyotas make do with drums in back as well. Saturn refined its optional anti-lock braking system for 2000. Saturn’s tests indicate reduced stopping distances with ABS, and independent published test results indicate these cars provide good stopping power. It seems like the ABS comes into play often. We can barely hear it when making normal stops at intersections. We don’t know whether that’s because the tires lack grip or if it’s because the ABS is aggressive. It also kicks in when just one side of the car is on a slippery surface, which is a good thing.

The traction control system works aggressively as well. While standing on the throttle at the bottom of an ice-covered grade, the SL2 slowly and methodically motored to the top of the hill. These are easy cars to drive. A switch on the console allows the driver to turn off traction control for those times when a bit of wheelspin is needed to get unstuck or to accelerate at maximum levels.

Summary

Value and a pleasant ownership continue to be Saturn’s hallmarks. With attractive interiors and nimble handling, these are pleasant cars to drive. They still may not offer the refinement of some of the best compact sedans from Europe and Japan, but Saturn’s S-series sedans have come a long way. Affordable payments and a trustworthy dealer are important considerations when choosing a car and these new Saturns deliver those benefits in spades.

Model Line Overview
Model lineup:SL sedan ($10,685); SL1 sedan ($11,485); SL2 sedan ($12,895); SC1 coupe ($12,535); SC2 coupe ($15,145); SW2 wagon ($14,290)
Engines:100-hp 1.9-liter sohc inline-4; 124 -hp 1.9-liter dohc 16v inline-4
Transmissions:5-speed manual; 4-speed automatic
Safety equipment (standard):dual airbags, side-impact door beams standard; ABS, traction control optional
Safety equipment (optional):N/A
Basic warranty:3 years/36,000 miles
Assembled in:Spring Hill, Tennessee
Specifications As Tested
Model tested (MSPR):SL2 ($12,895)
Standard equipment:air conditioning, tilt-steering, intermittent wipers, split folding rear seatback, remote trunk and fuel door release
Options as tested (MSPR):automatic transmission ($860); anti-lock brakes with traction control ($695); SL2 Package 2 ($1,480) includes power locks with remote keyless entry and security system, power windows, dual power mirrors, cruise control, 15-inch alloy wheels; floor mats ($70); AM/FM/CD stereo ($290); rear spoiler ($225); power sunroof ($725); fog lamps ($170); grey leather ($700)
Destination charge:$440
Gas guzzler tax:N/A
Price as tested (MSPR):$18550
Layout:front-wheel drive
Engine:1.9-liter dohc 16v inline-4
Horsepower (lb.-ft @ rpm):124 @ 5600
Torque (lb.-ft @ rpm):122 @ 4800
Transmission:4-speed automatic
EPA fuel economy, city/hwy:25/36 mpg
Wheelbase:102.4 in.
Length/width/height:176.9/66.7/54.5 in.
Track, f/r:56.8/56.0 in.
Turning circle:37.1 ft.
Seating Capacity:5
Head/hip/leg room, f:39.3/50.7/42.5 in.
Head/hip/leg room, m:N/A
Head/hip/leg room, r:38.0/51.6/32.8 in.
Cargo volume:12.1 cu. ft.
Payload:N/A
Towing capacity:1000 Lbs.
Suspension, f:Independent
Suspension, r:Independent
Ground clearance:N/A
Curb weigth:2422 lbs.
Tires:P185/60R15
Brakes, f/r:disc/drum with ABS
Fuel capacity:12.1 gal.
Unless otherwise indicated, specifications refer to test vehicle. All prices are manufacturer's suggested retail prices (MSPR) effective as of March 9, 2000.Prices do not include manufacturer's destination and delivery charges. N/A: Information not available or not applicable. Manufacturer Info Sources: 1-800-522-5000 - www.saturncars.com
Sours: https://www.newcartestdrive.com/reviews/2000-saturn-sl2/

2000 SaturnSL2 Pricing and Specs

Compare 1 SL2 trims and trim families below to see the differences in prices and features.

Trim Family Comparison

Base

View 1 Trims

Features

  • 1.9L I-4 Engine
  • 5-spd man w/OD Transmission
  • 124 @ 5,600 rpm Horsepower
  • 122 @ 4,800 rpm Torque
  • front-wheel Drive type
  • 15" steel Wheels
  • front air conditioning, manual
  • AM/FM stereo, seek-scan Radio
  • cloth Seat trim
  • driver Lumbar support
Show More
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Sours: https://www.carfax.com/Used-2000-Saturn-S-Series_z853
2000 Saturn SL1 Review - Fantastic Plastic!

Saturn S series

Motor vehicle

The Saturn S-series was a family of compact cars from the Saturnautomobile company of General Motors. Saturn pioneered the brand-wide "no haggle" sales technique.

The automobile platform, the Z-body, was developed entirely in-house at Saturn, and it shared very little with the rest of the General Motors model line. It implemented a spaceframe design, which had been used on some Pontiacs during the 1980s. This meant that the side panels did not carry load and could be made of plastic instead of metal. These polymer panels were dent-resistant, something that remained a selling point for Saturn until just a few years before the Saturn brand was discontinued.

The S series was sold from the fall of 1990 for the 1991 model year through the end of the 2002 model year. Significant design updates were made in 1996, 1997, and 2000 for all cars. Although nearly every year of the S-series's existence brought some minor changes to the architecture of the car, each model kept the same basic body styling throughout its respective production period.

History[edit]

The S-series debuted in model year 1991 with the Sport Coupe (SC) and Sedan Level (SL) models. The SC was only available with the DOHC (Dual Overhead Cam) engine whereas the SLs had an option for the SOHC (Single Overhead Cam) engine (SL1) or the DOHC (SL2).

For the 1993 model year, the SC gained an SOHC option (SC1) in addition to the existing DOHC option (SC2, renamed from SC).[1] The SL & SC families were joined by the SW (Station Wagon) models, in both SW1 and SW2 flavors.

The S series all used either the SOHC LK0/L24 or the DOHC LL0 version of the completely original, designed in-house Saturn 1.9L engine. SL1s, SC1s and SW1s were only offered with the MP2 manual transmission and the MP6 automatic, while SL2, SC2 and SW2 models came with either the MP3 manual or MP7 automatic. The only difference in each case is the selection of gear ratios, with the SOHC-associated transmissions being geared taller for more efficiency, and the DOHC-associated transmissions having shorter, more closely spaced ratios for performance. As a result, it's not uncommon for enthusiast-owners to swap a tall-geared MP2 manual into a car equipped with a DOHC engine for better fuel economy on the highway.

Aside from the engine and transmission, the level 2 models also included 15-inch instead of 14-inch wheels, a correspondingly larger tire size, EVO steering,[2] a rear swaybar, the option of rear disc brakes (standard on the 1991-1992 SC), color-matched bumpers and door handles, and more interior options such as power locks, power windows, rear defroster, & a sunroof (SC2 only). Aside from the wheel size, it was almost impossible to tell a 1 from a 2 externally, except for the SC2s which had retractable headlamps throughout model year 1996.

A change beginning with the 1999 model year gave the SC a small suicide door (more properly a clamshell door) on the driver's side to improve rear-seat access. This type of door had previously been used in extended cab pickup trucks, but was an innovation in coupe design.[3]

The level 1 S-series equipped with a manual transmission were among the most fuel-efficientcars available in the United States when they were produced, reaching 40 miles per US gallon (5.9 L/100 km; 48 mpg‑imp) in EPA highway tests at the time (this would likely translate to 36 miles per US gallon (6.5 L/100 km; 43 mpg‑imp) under current methodologies).[4]

The S-series was replaced by the Saturn ION for the 2003 model year.

Export markets[edit]

Taiwan and Japan were the only two Asian countries to import Saturns. From 1992 to 1996, the first- and second-generation sedans plus the first-generation coupes were sold in Taiwan. From 1997 to 2001, the second-generation versions were sold in right-hand drive in Japan. Some Toyota Netz dealerships and former Isuzu dealerships also offered Saturn products until 2001.

Canada imported all available Saturn models from 1992 onward.

First generation[edit]

Motor vehicle

First generation
1st-Saturn-SL1.jpg
Also calledSaturn SL
Saturn SW
Saturn SC
Production1990–1995 SL
1993–1995 SW
1990–1996 SC
Model years1991-1995
Body style2-door coupe
4-door sedan
5-door station wagon
Engine
Transmission4-speed Saturn MP6 automatic
4-speed Saturn MP7 automatic
5-speed Saturn MP2 manual
5-speed Saturn MP3 manual
WheelbaseSL & SW: 102.4 in (2,601 mm)
SC: 99.2 in (2,520 mm)[5]
LengthSL & SW: 176.3 in (4,478 mm)
1990–93 SC: 175.8 in (4,465 mm)
1994–96 SC1: 173.2 in (4,399 mm)
1994–96 SC2: 174.6 in (4,435 mm)
Width67.6 in (1,717 mm)
HeightSC: 50.6 in (1,285 mm)
SL: 52.5 in (1,334 mm)
SW: 53.7 in (1,364 mm)
Curb weightSC: 2,293.9–2,416.7 lb (1,040–1,096 kg)
SL: 2,320.5–2,456.5 lb (1,053–1,114 kg)
SW: 2,397.3–2,499.4 lb (1,087–1,134 kg)

First generation SL[edit]

The first generation SL was constructed for model years 1991 through 1995, with the first Saturn to leave the assembly line in the Spring Hill, Tennessee factory was on July 30, 1990, the same day that then-CEO of GM, Roger Bonham Smith, retired. It was maroon with a tan interior.

From 1991 to 1992, the Saturn SL-series Sedan trim levels consisted of the SL, the SL1, and the SL2.

The base SL model featured the MP2 manual transmission only, and it had manual steering. On the exterior the car featured unique hubcaps different from the SL1 and came equipped with only a driver's side exterior mirror (a passenger mirror was a popular dealer-installed option). On the inside the SL featured an AM/FM radio with no cassette player and a lower grade cloth material on the seats. No factory options such as power windows, power locks, air conditioning, or cruise control were available on the SL. The SL1 trim level added power steering, a passenger mirror, different hubcaps for the 14" wheels, an AM/FM cassette player, and softer cloth material on the seats. It featured as standard equipment the same MP2 manual, or the MP6 automatic transmission could be had as an option. The SL1 could be optioned with power windows, power locks, power mirror (passenger side only - driver's side retained manual control), cruise control, and air conditioning. Both were offered only with the SOHC 1.9L I4 "LKO" engine that produced 85 hp (63 kW), which was rated at 27 mpg (8.7L/100 km/32 mpg) City, 34 mpg (6.9L/100 km; 41 mpg) Highway. The SL2 trim level featured the MP3 manual transmission, or the MP7 automatic transmission, both exclusively with the DOHC 1.9L I4 LL0 engine that was rated at 123 hp (92 kW), 24 mpg (9.8L/100 km; 29 mpg) City, 34 mpg (6.9L/100 km; 41 mpg) Highway. The SL2 also brought body-color bumpers, 15" steel wheels (alloys were optional), and higher spec cloth on the seats (including the seat backs - on SL and SL1 the seat backs were vinyl). SL2's could be optioned with power windows, locks, mirror (again, pass. side only), cruise control, air conditioning, sunroof, and leather seats. Anti-lock braking was available as an option as well, which brought along rear disc brakes.

For the 1995 model year, the seatbelts were changed from the power passive restraint type to the conventional 3-point type. The interior of the vehicle was redesigned with a new dashboard and the addition of a front passenger's airbag. The center console was updated as well, adding previously absent cup holders. Also for 1995, the SOHC (LK0) engine was given MPFI to create the 100 hp (75 kW) L24 engine.

The S-series had a 12.8 US gallons (48 L; 11 imp gal) fuel tank, which means that both cars got around 384 miles (618 km) on a single tank based on average of 32 mpg‑US (7.4 L/100 km; 38 mpg‑imp). Owners of the base model typically report real-world fuel mileage of about 38–41  mpg-US (6.2–5.7 L/100 km; 46–49 mpg-imp) on the highway with the manual transmission.

First generation SW[edit]

For the 1993 model year, a station wagon variant of the SL was added to the model lineup. This was offered in SW1 and SW2 trim levels. The station wagon used the same doors as the sedan, but the bodywork behind the C-pillar and the roof differed.

First generation SC[edit]

The first generation Saturn SC coupes were made from 1990 to 1996. The first generation Saturn SC coupes were originally only available in one trim level which was the SC.

The 1990-1992 Saturn SC featured a DOHC 1.9-litre LL0inline-four engine that was rated at 123 hp (92 kW). For the 1993 model year, the original regular SC coupe model was renamed as the SC2 and a new SC1 trim level was introduced. For the 1994 model year, the SC1 and the SC2 had both gotten revised power door locks and a recalibrated automatic transmission. The first generation SC2 had received a minor refresh in 1995 in which the lower front bumper and the vehicle's taillights were both updated. For the 1995 model year, both the SC1 and the SC2 had gotten a redesigned interior with a new redesigned dashboard with a front passenger's airbag.

The first generation SC1 coupe featured a SOHC 1.9-litre LKO inline-four engine that was rated at 85 hp (63 kW). The SC1's engine was later upgraded to the 100 hp (75 kW) L24 engine for the 1995 model year.

The first generation Saturn SC1 coupes shared the same fixed headlight front fascia as the SL sedans and the SW station wagons, rather than the pop-up headlight design used on the SC2 and the original SC. The SC1 also lacked a rear trunk lid reflector and a rear stabilizer bar.

  • 1992 Saturn SC (pre-facelift)

Second generation[edit]

Motor vehicle

Second generation
Saturn-SL.jpg
Also calledSaturn SL1
Saturn SL2
Saturn SW1
Saturn SW2
Saturn SC1
Saturn SC2
Production1996–1999 SL
1996–1999 SW
1997–1999 SC
Model years1996-1999
Body style2-door coupe (1997–1998)
3-door coupe (1999-2002)
4-door sedan
5-door station wagon
Engine
Transmission4-speed Saturn MP6 automatic
4-speed Saturn MP7 automatic
5-speed Saturn MP2 manual
5-speed Saturn MP3 manual
Wheelbase102.4 in (2,601 mm)
Length1996–99 SW & 1996–97 SL: 176.8 in (4,491 mm)
1998–99 SL: 176.9 in (4,493 mm)
Width1996–99 SW: 66.7 in (1,694 mm)
1997–2000 SC: 67.3 in (1,709 mm)
1996–99 SL: 66.7 in (1,694 mm)
Height1996–99 SW & SL: 54.5 in (1,384 mm)

Second generation SL and SW[edit]

The second generation SL sedans and SW station wagons were made from 1996 to 1999. They had both featured a completely redesigned exterior. The interior was mostly the same as on the first generation vehicles, while mechanically they went largely untouched. The redesigned second generation S-series went on sale in 1995 for the 1996 model year.

A few minor changes were made for the 1998 model year S-series vehicles. Due to multiple complaints about the noise coming from the vehicle's trip odometer that had been in all of the Saturn S-series since 1995, had replaced with a new type of trip odometer in an effort to correct the problem. For the 1998 model year, a new cluster with a digital trip odometer had been introduced. Rear disc-brakes were no longer available as an option on the S series due to high costs for them as well as very little improvement in braking performance over the conventional rear drum-brakes setup.

Beginning with all of the Saturn S-series vehicles that were made in late 1999 (sometimes referred to as 1999.5 models) had received improvements to both the SOHC and the DOHC engines in the S series. These changes included revised pistons, new connecting rods, and new crankshaft counterweights in the engine as well. The Twin Cam cylinder head had now featured a new roller-rocker setup with hydraulic tappets and roller cams replacing the conventional bucket lifter setup of the previous engine in the S series.

Also introduced for the 1999 model year S-series vehicles that were sold in California was a different type of an exhaust manifold that housed an upstream catalytic converter (this converter had heated up much faster than the conventional unit, and it had also decreased exhaust emissions faster as well), and it also had provisions for an air-injection reaction system (This had injected fresh air into the exhaust to reduce hydrocarbons during the startup of the vehicle, as it would help the oxygen sensors and catalytic converters reach their operating temperatures faster). These vehicles were made to meet the all-new CARB ULEV standards for the 1999 model year.

1996 - 1999 Saturn SL photographed in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, Canada

Second generation SC[edit]

The second generation SC coupes were made from 1997 to 2002. The second generation SC coupes had also moved to the longer wheelbase that the SL sedans and the SW station wagons had used, resulting in an equal wheelbase length across all S-series models. The redesign had resulted in a more curved look for the SC coupes, which gave a slight increase in the vehicle's interior room/space, as well as a completely redesigned exterior of the vehicle itself. For the 1999 model year, a front-opening clamshell door was added to the driver's side of the vehicle. Even though this door on the driver's side of the vehicle had allowed easier access into the vehicle's rear seat, the driver's seat in the vehicle was also able to slide forward to allow easy access to the vehicle's rear seat as well. As a clamshell door, the rear driver's side door could not open unless the front door was open, because the door handle was on the inside of the door itself. Like the first generation SC coupes, the SC1 model lacked a rear sway bar.

Third generation[edit]

Motor vehicle

Third generation
2000-2002 Saturn SL -- 03-16-2012 2.JPG
Also calledSaturn SL1
Saturn SL2
Saturn SW1
Saturn SW2
Saturn SC1
Saturn SC2
Production2000-2002 SL
2000-2001 SW
2000-2002 SC
Model years2000-2002
Body style3-door coupe
4-door sedan
5-door station wagon
Engine
Transmission4-speed Saturn MP6 automatic
4-speed Saturn MP7 automatic
5-speed Saturn MP2 manual
5-speed Saturn MP3 manual
Wheelbase102.4 in (2,601 mm)
Length
2000–02 SL & SW: 178.1 in (4,524 mm)
2001–02 SC: 180.5 in (4,585 mm)
Width2000–01 SW: 66.4 in (1,687 mm)
2001–02 SC: 68.2 in (1,732 mm)
2000–02 SL: 66.4 in (1,687 mm)
Height2000–01 SW: 55.6 in (1,412 mm)
2000–02 SL: 55 in (1,397 mm)
2001–02 SC: 53 in (1,346 mm)

Third generation SL and SW[edit]

In 1999 for the 2000 model year, the Saturn S-series had been redesigned for the final time before being discontinued in 2002. This resulted in the third generation Saturn S-series.

The exterior of the Saturn SL sedans revived new body panels from the belt-line down. The rear end of the SL sedans received a redesigned applique on the trunk, and the headlights of the SL sedans had received orange turn signal indicators.

The interior of all the Saturn S-series models received a completely redesigned dashboard, center console, and steering wheel, but the rest of the interiors were mostly unchanged. The SL2, SW2, and SC2 got the storage compartment with a sliding arm rest in the center console as standard, whereas the SL1, SW1, and SC1 did not.[6]

Like the 1999 model year SL sedans and the 1999 model year SW station wagons that were made in late in 1999, the 2000 model year SL sedans and the 2000 model year SW station wagons had also included a digital trip odometer, which did not cause any issues like the analog trip odometers that were used in the 1991-early 1999 model year S-series vehicles.

The third generation Saturn S-series was also the first Saturn to use the body control module (BCM), and the powertrain control module (PCM) systems in tandem with each other. In the third generation Saturn S-series models, the PCM system was used strictly for the vehicle's transmission and engine, whereas the BCM system was used strictly for the vehicle's interior functions such as the digital trip odometer and speedometer.

Beginning with the 2001 model year, side curtain airbags became available as an optional feature. The optional side curtain airbags were only available on the 2001 to 2002 model Saturn SL1 and SL2 sedans.

2000-2002 Saturn SL1 rear view, showing the different trunk and unpainted plastic door handles of this cheaper model.
2000-2002 Saturn SL1 Rear

Third generation SC[edit]

The third generation of Saturn SC continued to be available in SC1 and SC2 models. While retaining the previous generation's bodywork, it was facelifted with redesigned fascias front and rear, as well as new headlamps and tail lamps. The front fenders and door panels were also changed, continuing the character line all the way down to the fog light beneath the front bumper.[7] A PCM and BCM were added.[clarification needed] A new GT trim package had become available for the Saturn SC coupes for the 2001 model year, along with the option of American Racing Wheels that was only available on the GT version of the Saturn SC coupes. A rear spoiler on the vehicle's rear trunk lid was also made available for the 2001 to 2002 model year Saturn SC GT coupes.

Special edition Saturns[edit]

1994 SL2 Homecoming Edition

A special Homecoming edition of the SL2 was released for 1994. It had special Pearl White paint (a "silver-tint" pearl, shared with Cadillac models of this year), black Saturn emblems, spoiler, 15 in (381 mm) "teardrop" wheels, anti-lock four-wheel disc brakes, grey leather/cloth interior, rear headrests, fog lamps, and power locks and windows. Options included a sunroof, CD player, and the 4-speed automatic with traction control.

In 1998 and 1999, prospective buyers of a red or white SC2 had the option of purchasing the "Black Top Coupe Package" for $225.00 (US). The models were referred to as the "Red Hot Coupe" or "White Hot Coupe", based on the exterior color. The package came with a black roof panel, black outside rear view mirrors, black emblems, white face gauges and black accented teardrop wheels. These are extremely rare.

In 1999, a second Homecoming Edition was produced in a special "Mint Color" with tan leather interior, special off-white gauge faceplates, and black Saturn badges to commemorate the second "Homecoming" visit to the Spring Hill, Tennessee manufacturing facility. The 1999 Homecoming Edition also had the same features offered as the 1994 Homecoming Edition.

The interior of a Saturn Limited Edition SC2.

In 2001, a special yellow SC2 coupé model was also built. The model was officially named "Limited Edition", but soon became known as the "Bumblebee Edition". 99 were produced, each with a certificate of authenticity. The "Bumblebee Edition" included embroidered headrests, black leather interior with yellow leather inserts on the seats and door panels, black roof and mirrors, number designation inside fuel filler door and certificate of authenticity. These are not to be confused with the regular issue Yellow Sport Coupe.

For the 2001 model year only, a special edition of the Saturn SL2 sedan that was called the Saturn SL2 10th Anniversary Edition (also known as the Silver Anniversary Edition) was made available. The Saturn SL2 10th Anniversary Edition had included several upscale features that were not available on any other Saturn S-series vehicles like power windows, leather interior, standard side curtain airbags, and several other upscale features. The Saturn SL2 10th Anniversary Edition also had "Saturn 10th Anniversary" stitched onto the front seat adjustable leather headrests. The Saturn SL2 10th Anniversary Edition had also featured a rear spoiler on the vehicle's rear trunk lid.

1994 Homecoming Edition3,500
1998 White Hot Coupe213
1998 Red Hot Coupe657
1999 White Hot Coupe285
1999 Red Hot Coupe284
1999 Homecoming Edition4,000
2001 Limited Edition SC299
2001 10th Anniversary Edition1,000
2001 Bright Red664

Right-hand drive[edit]

In addition to the above-mentioned "Special Edition" Saturns; there was also the 1999–2001 Saturn SWP "Postal" station wagon that were produced (450 in 1999), intended to be marketed to rural route mail carriers. These station wagons were right-hand-drive vehicles.

There were also a limited number of Saturns that were exported to Japan as right-hand-drive vehicles circa between 1997 and 2000 (during the lifetime of the second-generation model). Aside from having the steering wheel on the other side, Japanese market Saturns were also fitted with slightly different light units. The rear lamps had amber turn signals and the front indicators were mounted closer to the corners rather than inboard. The SL and SW's engine displacement and dimensions were within Japanese government's dimension regulations and engine tax brackets (as only 1.9 liter engines were offered for the second-generation models), although the SC did not meet the dimension regulations and would have been subjected to annual taxes.

The Saturn faced a hard time in Japan, where it played directly into the strengths of the Japanese manufacturers, comparing unfavorably with better-priced and more competent Japanese compact cars.[8] The interior, especially, received criticism.[9] Even though the SL and A mere 602 units were sold in Saturn's first year in Japan (April to December 1997).[10]

Another problem was that Japanese car dealers have always excelled at customer service; this meant that Saturn's main sales argument in the United States was meaningless in the Japanese market.[11] The introduction of Saturn was also ill-timed, as the economy was in the midst of a recession due to the effects of the 1980s "bubble economy". As the Japanese had less money to spend on "luxury goods", as imported products are regarded, Saturn found very few buyers.

Theft[edit]

The 1995 Saturn SL was the most stolen vehicle in 2003, while the 1994 SL took third place in CCC Information Services's 2003 most stolen vehicle report.[12] According to the Lynnwood, Washington police department, when use of the key wears on the door and ignition mechanisms, a filed blank key can be used to open the door and start the engine.[citation needed]

Racing[edit]

Saturn SC's competed in the SCCA World Challenge in the 1990s, winning several races from 1995 to 1997.[13][14][15] Several S-series cars have been used as rally race cars. S-Series cars are also popular in dirt oval racing and autocross.[citation needed]

Safety[edit]

Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS)[edit]

Moderate overlap frontal offsetAcceptable
Small overlap frontal offsetNot Tested
Side impactNot Tested
Roof strengthNot Tested

NHTSA[edit]

Production numbers[edit]

Listed below is a rough estimate on the numbers of S series produced from 1990 to 2002.[29]

YearCoupeSedanWagonTotal
SCSC1SC2TotalSLSL1SL2TotalSW1SW2Total
1991~10,000--~20,000~38,629---~48,629
1992-----169,959
1993-244,621
1994-267,518
1995-62,434221,10219,452302,988
1996-294,198
1997-70,711213,18231,099314,992
1998-38,591160,75920,415219,765
1999-52,965203,57819,090275,633
2000-8,5178,72417,24168,907142,9929,633169,866
2001-23,58417,41440,99873,4283,416117,842
2002----

References[edit]

  1. ^A model name with a "1” marked an SOHC/base trim variant while ”2” signified a DOHC/upgraded trim option
  2. ^Electronic Variable Orifice, a power steering pump modification that allows for proportional steering
  3. ^Krebs, Michelle (1999-02-07). "Saturn SC2; Finding a Jackpot Behind Door No. 3". New York Times. Retrieved 2012-07-30.
  4. ^"Compare Old and New EPA MPG Estimates: 1997 Saturn SL". United States Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved January 27, 2010.
  5. ^http://oldcarbrochures.org/index.php/New-Brochures---May/1991-Saturn-Full-Line-Brochure/1991-Saturn-Full-Line-24-25
  6. ^http://oldcarbrochures.org/index.php/New-Brochures---Nov/2001-Saturn-S-Series-Prestige-Brochure/2001-Saturn-S-Series-Prestige-17
  7. ^unknown. "2002 Saturn SC". cars.com. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
  8. ^Latham, Scott (1998-05-13), Grinding Gears: The Japanese Auto Dealer Network and American Trade Complaints(PDF), Chester Springs, PA: Scott Latham Associates, p. 60
  9. ^Latham, p. 64
  10. ^Latham, p. 59
  11. ^Latham, p. 62
  12. ^"1995 Saturn SL Tops Most Stolen Vehicle List". saturnfans.com/. Retrieved 2008-04-03.
  13. ^"1995 World Challenge : Round 1"(PDF). Scca.cdn.racersites.com. Archived from the original(PDF) on 24 May 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  14. ^"1996 World Challenge"(PDF). Scca.cdn.racersites.com. Archived from the original(PDF) on 24 May 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  15. ^"SCCA Pro Racing Results : 1997 World Challenge Touring 1 Class"(PDF). Scca.cdn.racersites.com. Archived from the original(PDF) on 2013-05-24. Retrieved 2013-10-13.
  16. ^"IIHS-HLDI: Saturn SL". Iihs.org. Retrieved 2013-03-22.
  17. ^"1991 Saturn SL 4-DR. | Safercar – NHTSA". Safercar.gov. Retrieved 2013-03-22.
  18. ^"1992 Saturn SL 4-DR. | Safercar – NHTSA". Safercar.gov. Retrieved 2013-03-22.
  19. ^"1993 Saturn SL 4-DR. | Safercar – NHTSA". Safercar.gov. Retrieved 2013-03-22.
  20. ^"1994 Saturn SL 4-DR. | Safercar – NHTSA". Safercar.gov. Retrieved 2013-03-22.
  21. ^"1995 Saturn SL 4-DR. | Safercar – NHTSA". Safercar.gov. Retrieved 2013-03-22.
  22. ^"1996 Saturn SL 4-DR. | Safercar – NHTSA". Safercar.gov. Retrieved 2013-03-22.
  23. ^"1997 Saturn SL 4-DR. | Safercar – NHTSA". Safercar.gov. Retrieved 2013-03-22.
  24. ^"1998 Saturn SL 4-DR. | Safercar – NHTSA". Safercar.gov. Retrieved 2013-03-22.
  25. ^"1999 Saturn SL 4-DR. | Safercar – NHTSA". Safercar.gov. Retrieved 2013-03-22.
  26. ^"2000 Saturn SL 4-DR. | Safercar – NHTSA". Safercar.gov. Retrieved 2013-03-22.
  27. ^"2001 Saturn SL 4-DR. | Safercar – NHTSA". Safercar.gov. Retrieved 2013-03-22.
  28. ^"2002 Saturn SL 4-DR. | Safercar – NHTSA". Safercar.gov. Retrieved 2013-03-22.
  29. ^Auto Editors of Consumer Guide (2002). The Encyclopedia of American Cars. Publications International.
Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saturn_S_series

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