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Dragon Ball: Every Member of Team Universe 6, Ranked According To Strength

Almost two decades on from the disappointment that was Dragon Ball GT, Akira Toriyama's long running franchise returned with the hugely popular Dragon Ball Super. As well as bringing back some of Dragon Ball's most iconic villains and heroes, the series also introduced its fair share of new ones as well.

RELATED: 10 Things We Want To See In Dragon Ball Super's Sequel Series

The Universe 6 fighters are first introduced during the Grand Zeno Expo and show up fairly regularly throughout the arcs that follow. Perhaps their most significant appearance, however, comes during the Tournament of Power, in which they must battle against fighters from seven other universes to ensure their survival. Not all of the team's members are as powerful as the likes of Goku and Vegeta, although there are still some incredibly dangerous fighters amongst their ranks.

10 Dr. Rota

Although there can be no disputing that Dr. Rota knows how to talk the talk, there's very little evidence to suggest that he can actually walk the walk. He mentions his abilities on numerous occasions throughout the Tournament of Power, but never actually gets around to using them before being eliminated.

According to his character bio on the Toei animation website, Rota's ability has some connection to his profession as a doctor, while the manga suggests that he's able to cast spells. Unfortunately for Rota, however, he's easily wiped out by Vegeta's Galick Gun attack and so never really gets a chance to show what he's really made of.

9 Magetta

Magetta's race is listed as "Metalman" on the official Toei website and it is through his tough metal exterior that he draws much of his power. He can take a surprising amount of punishment and is a fairly accomplished fighter too. He does have one major weakness though. His fragile ego.

During their fight, Vegeta begins hurling insults at the robot-like creature who quite literally blows his top. While covering his ears so that he can no longer hear the Saiyan Prince's verbal jabs works for a while, he ultimately loses his will to fight and is knocked out of the fighting arena by a powerful Ki blast.

8 Botamo

Like Magetta, Botamo is able to withstand powerful attacks with relative ease and begins the tournament by going after several members of the Universe 7 team. After very nearly being eliminated by Vegeta though, he decides to turn his attention towards Gohan instead.

RELATED: Dragon Ball: Gohan's 10 Best Battles, Ranked

Although he has no issue nullifying the young Saiyan's blows, he fails to realize that he is being slowly pushed backward towards the edge of the fighting area. By the time he does, it's far too late to do anything about it and he soon becomes the first member of Universe 6 to be eliminated.

7 Saonel

Saonel is not the most honest of fighters, as evidenced by him and Pilina attempting to ambush an exhausted Goku. The pair's strategy of avoiding powerful fighters head on helps them to outlast far more powerful fighters in the tournament, however, so there's clearly something to it.

He initially shows himself to be a more powerful Namekian that Piccolo, with the latter having to rely on the intervention of Gohan to avoid defeat. That said, Piccolo does then blast a whole straight through his chest with his Special Beam Cannon attack and then, later, eliminates him.

6 Pilina

Another of the Universe 6 Namekians, Pilina has a heavier build than his comrade and can therefore pack more of a punch as a result. His skin is for some reason a far darker shade of green than Piccolo, although this perhaps has little bearing on his ability as a fighter.

Like Saonel, he can at times be a dirty fighter, although the pair do show both bravery and valor after the eliminations of the rest of their team. It's later revealed that all of the other Namekians in their universe have merged to power them up, but, despite this, they just aren't a match for Piccolo and Gohan.

5 Frost

Frost isn't the most powerful of fighters in the Tournament of Power, but his villainous nature might just make him one of the most dangerous. He is similar to Frieza in this respect and also bears a striking resemblance to the series' long-term villain.

RELATED: Dragon Ball: The 10 Strongest Members of The Frieza Force, Ranked According To Strength

Unsurprisingly, perhaps, the pair form an uneasy alliance of sorts, with Frieza using Frost to eliminate several fighters. Upon seeing the immense power that his new ally has at his disposal though, Frost begs Frieza to teach him how to power up and the latter uses this opportunity to blast him out of the arena.

4 Cabba

The first of three Universe 6 Saiyans - all of whom are for some reason named after different vegetables - Cabba is the team's vice captain. Despite what his scrawny physique might suggest, he's an incredibly capable fighter and shares a close bond with Vegeta.

It is the Saiyan Prince who first teaches Cabba how to transform into a Super Saiyan and he makes the leap to Super Saiyan 2 midway through the Tournament of Power. Unfortunately, however, he is just no match for Golden Frieza and is eliminated and later erased as a result.

3 Caulifla

Caulifla is a better fighter than Cabba; not just because of her superior power levels, but also due to her will to win. She's extremely confident in her ability too and, like most other Saiyains, demonstrates a strong desire to grow more and more powerful.

Alone, she is a solid fighter, but when fused together with Kale she is almost unstoppable. Kefla is very nearly able to hold her own against Goku, although, like many of those before her, she just doesn't quite have what it takes to get the better of Earth's protector. In her defense though, not many really do.

2 Hit

Hit is the Captain of the Universe 6 team and possesses some of the most interesting and deadly abilities to ever appear in Dragon Ball. These are largely explored during his epic battle with Goku during the Grand Zeno Expo (where, by the way, he also beat Vegeta), but are also clearly on display in the Tournament of Power.

He eliminates several powerful fighters during the tournament and even saves Goku from Jiren. In fact, he very nearly defeats the all-powerful Pride Trooper on several occasions. At one point, he's able to completely immobilize his opponent for a good few minutes, although is unable to take advantage of this and is ultimately defeated.

1 Kale

At a glance, Kale may seem like a weak and pathetic fighter, but looks can sometimes be deceiving. There is a rage burning deep within her that makes her an incredibly deadly and unpredictable combatant. Much like Broly, her Legendary Super Saiyan form gives her access to near limitless amounts of power, although this does come at the expense of any kind of reasoning.

In this form, she's able to eliminate five different opponents; more than any other fighter in the Tournament of Power in both the manga and the anime. She eventually learns to harness her newfound power more effectively too and, when fused with Caulifla a little later on, becomes even more powerful.

NEXT: Dragon Ball Super: What Happens After The Anime?

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The upcoming update for Animal Crossing: New Horizons is bringing a new tool to help players move around their island much more freely.

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Dragon Ball Super: 10 Things That Make No Sense About The Multiverse

The Dragon Balluniverse was always big, but it got even bigger when Dragon Ball Super introduced the lore concept of the multiverse. Filled with destroyer gods, Supreme Kais, and overseen by the immensely powerful Omni-Kings, the Dragon Ball multiverse is made up of twelve different universes, each of them vast and unique.

RELATED: 5 Things Dragon Ball Super Did Differently From Dragon Ball Multiverse (And Five Things It Did The Same)

While this did open the door for new characters and concepts, like the Tournament of Power arc, Dragon Ball's multiverse isn't perfect and there are plenty of unanswered questions, moments of hindsight, and facts about these universes and how they function that didn't always make a lot of sense.

10 Gods Aren't Born, They're Chosen

Each of the twelve universes has their own god of destruction, who destroy whole planets and even galaxies if they choose so. Each destroyer god is unique and shares a life link to their universe's Supreme Kai, but the most interesting fact about them is that these gods aren't born, they're chosen.

It seems that anyone a current destroyer god sees fit is allowed to become one and is trained to use destructive Hakai energy. However, this raises questions of what determines an individual as capable to be a destroyer god, how the life link with that universe's Supreme Kai is transferred over to the next god, or how long the gods live since they're not actually immortal. None of these have definitive answers.

9 Who Really Oversees Time?

Dragon Ball lore does tell of a being who watches over the flow of time itself, though the true identity of that deity seems to have more than a couple of answers. The most recognizable and popular answer is Chronoa, the Supreme Kai of Time and head of the Time Patrol from the Dragon Ball Xenoverse games, but whether or not she is canon is debatable.

Mentions of a "God of Time" and "Lord of Time" also exist, though these figures have never been seen, making it hard to tell which figure is the true guardian of time outside of Xenoverse. 

8 There's A Space Between Universes

Zeno's Palace is where the Omni-Kings live, outside of the twelve known universes. Surprisingly, despite being outside of existence itself, it seems that there is a sort of space with stars in the distance where the Zenos live, a space outside of space, which becomes more head-scratching the more it's thought about.

RELATED: Is Dragon Ball Heroes Canon? & 9 Other Things You Didn't Know About The Series

Is Zeno's Palace only a space unto itself, a sort of mini-universe perhaps, or is there more beyond the twelve universes that are unexplored and unknown to even the Supreme Kais or destroyer gods?  At this time, there is no answer to that.

7 Why Did Universe 7 Have So Many Supreme Kais?

Like the destroyer gods, each universe has its own respective Supreme Kai watching over it. That being said,  it would seem that Universe 7 had a bit more special treatment than the others, since the Buu Saga revealed that previously there were five different Supreme Kais at one point.

Four of them were designated as "North", "South", "East", and "West", with the final one being known as the "Grand Supreme Kai". Sadly, Majin Buu killed all but the East Supreme Kai (Shin), but the reasons why Universe 7 had so many Supreme Kais remains unclear since each universe is only supposed to have one.

6 Goku & Friends Only Exist In Universe 7

Across universes, races like the Saiyans and Namekians still exist, meaning that these races and their home planets still exist or existed at one point, with different histories between them. Despite that, it seems only certain beings among those races, such as Goku and his friends, exist as unique beings to their own universe.

This is a strange detail considering that each universe is its own reality, and while certain individuals may or may not be born within different histories, it seems like at least one alternate universe version of the Z Fighters or their friends, allies, or even enemies, should exist. However, it seems that every being across the multiverse is basically one of a kind.

5 Could Beerus Have Died During Buu's Rampage?

As mentioned previously, each universe's destroyer god has a life link with their respective Supreme Kai. This means if either one of them dies, the other will too (similar to Piccolo and Kami's relationship). This would imply that Beerus was very close to dying before and during the Buu Saga.

The current Supreme Kai, Shin, was nearly killed by Buu several times, not to mention the other Supreme Kais who were killed by Kid Buu millions of years ago. Presumably, Beerus was either asleep during these events or just didn't care, but regardless if Shin didn't survive, Universe 7 would've lost its destroyer god before Battle of Godseven happened.

4 Existence Itself Is Ruled Over By Two Infinitely Powerful Children

The rulers of the multiverse are Omni-King Zeno and his time-displaced duplicate, who are in charge of the twelve universes and existence itself. While the Zenos are infinitely powerful and supposedly wise, they act rather impulsively and immaturely. Essentially everyone's very existence hangs in the hands of a couple of children.

RELATED: Dragon Ball: 10 Most Likable Characters Introduced In Super, Ranked

Considering how many universes were nearly eradicated by them during the Tournament of Power, the Omni-Kings in concept bring in some scary implications. Namely, they could just destroy multiple universes for very few reasons and the people of that universe would die before even knowing what hit them. The original Zeno supposedly did this before, throwing a tantrum and destroying six universes, reducing the multiverse to its current number.

3 Alternate Timelines Are Weird

Apparently, time and space are very separate things in Dragon Ball's multiverse, since multiple timelines of the same universe can exist, but these timelines do not create new universes unto themselves. However, as is the case with these things, this ends up creating more confusing complications.

As it happens, these timelines exist between all universes, evident by the duplicate Zeno who came from a timeline that no longer exists. However, that would imply that in a way, the multiverse has its own multiverse of possible timelines, which is somehow even more confusing.

2 Who Or What Created The Multiverse?

Despite all of Zeno's great power, he has limits and can't just create new universes. This would imply that Zeno did not create the multiverse - someone or something else did, though the answer to that question is completely up in the air.

Supposedly, the Supreme Kais are also referred to as "Gods of Creation", but the ability to create life (let alone universes) is never seen and their power is far outmatched by the destroyer gods and angels. So does this mean the multiverse was a natural occurrence and the Omni-Kings and gods just keep balance? This and many other questions about the origins and nature of the multiverse remain unclear.

1 Shouldn't There Be More Universes?

In theory, every action, event, choice, or lack thereof, has a universe that exists, one where those things happen and one where they don't. To an extent, Dragon Ball seems to follow that too, a prime example being the thriving Saiyans of Universe 6's Sadala versus the Saiyans being nearly wiped out in Universe 7.

If such possibilities create links like this, then that creates endless possibilities for other universes. It is known that there were previously eighteen universes, but it's possible there was a near-infinite amount at one point. If the Omni-King's job truly is to keep balance in the multiverse, there might be a deeper reason for it being only twelve. Whether or not that's the case is unknown.

NEXT: Dragon Ball Super: 10 Things That Make No Sense About The Tournament Of Power

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Ethan Supovitz is a long time fan of comics, anime, and video games, which inspired him to write about them. Formerly, he was a writer for The Source, a comic book/superhero news site that was owned by the website Superherostuff. Currently, Ethan is an Anime List Writer for Valnet Inc. over at Comic Book Resources. He considers himself a "well-rounded nerd" who has an interest in many different kinds of media. His email is [email protected]

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"Think of it as a ladder. On the bottom rung is all of space. Higher up is Hell and then Snake Way. At the next level are the planets of the four Kais who oversee their parts of the Universe. And higher still, above the four Kais and all the rest is the Grand Kai's planet."
— Olibu describing the Universe in "Tournament Begins"

Multiverse

The Dragon Ball multiverse,[1] or the Dragon Ball world, is the chain of universes within the Dragon Ball series. There are currently twelve in total, as well as an artifical one, and every two universes whose designations add up to 13 are twin universes.

Each universe is governed by a Supreme Kai and God of Destruction, who act to balance creation and destruction. The entirety of the multiverse is ruled by Zeno and (after the "Future" Trunks Saga) Future Zeno, who share the ultimate authority over each universe. Formerly, there were 18 universes in total, but Zeno erased 6 of them when he was angry.

All events that occur in Dragon Ball, Dragon Ball Z, as well as the God of Destruction Beerus Saga and Golden Frieza Saga in Dragon Ball Super take place in Universe 7. However, in the Universe 6 Saga, there's a planet in the neutral space between universe 6 and 7 where a tournament between Beerus' team and Champa's team is being held. The "Future" Trunks Saga take place between Universes 7 and 10. The Universe Survival Saga takes place in the Null Realm for the Tournament of Power between eight of the twelve universes. Universes 9, 10, 2, 6, 4, 3, and 11 were erased during the Tournament of Power, but were brought back into existence thanks to Android 17's wish using the Super Dragon Balls.

Contents and structure

In Daizenshuu 4, Daizenshuu 7, Dragon Ball Landmark, and the Dragon Ball: Super Exciting Guides, Akira Toriyama explains that he envisioned the Dragon Ball cosmos as a big ball. This ball is divided up in two halves: the lower half is the realm of the living (or "The Universe") and the upper half is the Other World (or "The Cosmos"), with Hell located between the two halves, the Demon Realm is located in the bottom of the living universe. The Sacred World of the Kais exists on the outside of the universe.

The realm of living is divided into four quadrants based on the cardinal directions, each ruled by a Kai chosen among the Core Person from World Core. There is one Check-In Station for the four quadrants of the universe, which allows its inhabitants to go to the Other World. The Kais live in the Other World, on planets positioned at the four cardinal points of the cosmos. There are roads leading to each Kai's planet; notably, North Kai's planet is at the end of a Snake Way which starts from the Check-In Station. The Grand Kai's Planet is above Heaven, which is a gigantic planet in the center of the cosmos.[2]

The planet of the Supreme Kais, the top-tier deities of the universe who watch over both the Other World and the living world,[2] is located outside of the ball, in the Sacred World of the Kai. The Supreme Kais are Gods of Creation who provide the catalyst for life and planets to be born. In order to provide a balance to the constantly increasing number of planets, the Gods of Destruction regularly destroy life and planets. There are twelve Gods of Destruction, one for each universe, and Beerus is the God of Destruction for Universe 7 and Champa is for Universe 6.[3] The Demon Realm, where the Demon Realm Race and Demon Supreme Kais live, is located on the very bottom tip of Universe 7.[4]

When a universe is destroyed, there is nothing but a white void with colorful stars. The only known being powerful enough to survive such an event is Zeno, as seen when Future Zeno erased Future Trunks' timeline completely in Dragon Ball Super.

Alternate timelines are different from alternate Universes, and devices that can travel between one type of reality (the Time Machine, and the Cube) have shown no capability of travelling between the other type.

In Dragon Ball Xenoverse, the events of Dragon Ball GT are shown to be a separate timeline.

In Dragon Ball Online and Jaco the Galactic Patrolman, it is revealed that using a Time Machine is ultimately a violation of the laws of the universe. It is explained in Dragon Ball Online that a deity known the Lord of Time watches over the flow of time from the cosmos, and it is mentioned in Jaco the Galactic Patrolman that the Galactic Patrol can punish this kind of crime. In Dragon Ball Xenoverse, the Lord of Time mentioned in Dragon Ball Online is actually revealed to be the Supreme Kai of Time, a female Supreme Kai who protects the flow of time from a place called the Time Nest along with the Vault of Time which contains the entire history of the universe, recorded in Scrolls of Eternity (also called Time Scrolls). According to the Supreme Kai of Time, if the Time Nest was ever destroyed, the universe would cease to exist due to the universe's history being erased and destroyed with it. It is also revealed that Future Bulma and Future Trunks, were the first beings in the history of the seventh universe to create a Time Machine and use it to alter history, resulting in the first time distortion in the history of the universe and causing the creation of alternate timelines. The first recorded functional Time Machine to be actually created was in Universe 12 and ended up in the possession of its Supreme Kai Ugg, though was stolen by the Zamases after they killed Ugg's future counterpart during their genocide of the gods. It is also revealed that Trunks and Bulma had not violated the natural laws of the seventh universe. At that point their Time Machine was the first ever to be used, though it was still a violation of galactic law as that law existed long before the creation of Future Bulma's time machine. However, this fact did not the dissuade the Supreme Kai of Time from deceiving Future Trunks into believing that the use of a Time Machine was a "mortal sin." The Supreme Kai of Time convinced Trunks that the only way to atone for it was to become her assistant, resulting in the establishment of the Time Patrol to enforce and protect the flow of time. It is also revealed that the Supreme Kai of Time could have erased the changes made to the past by Future Trunks (and Cell when he traveled from his timeline) but choose to allow these alterations to the past timeline to remain, as Trunks' reasons were noble and ultimately didn't result in history turning out for the worse.

The laws against time travel enforced by the Time Patrol and Galactic Patrol are different. The Time Patrol enforces the natural laws of time under the direction of the Supreme Kai of Time, while the Galactic Patrol enforces the galactic laws forbidding the manipulation of time and time travel. They tend to overlook violations if the person is exceptionally powerful or if the actions of the one who violated it benefits the Galactic Patrol or its members, as when Future Trunks' use led to the death of King Cold & Mecha Frieza. Other examples include averting the potential threat posed by the Red Ribbon Androids, the misuse of the Time Machine by the Bio-AndroidCell, Zamasu's Project Zero Mortals including the abuse of the Time Rings. The Supreme Kai of Time also ensures the generation of time which is produced by the Divine Bird Tokitoki, who can lay eggs that contain enough power to create time for a completely new universe. Though the eggs cannot be created artificially, Distorted Time Eggs can be created which are capable of creating stable time rifts. While normally not dangerous, together they have the potential to produce natural time distortions influenced by the desires of certain individuals, such as causing Xeno Trunks to alter the history of his timeline to prevent the death of his mentor, despite knowing the dangers. This in turn left the Supreme Kai to decide the fate of the new timeline he had created, which was left unrevealed.

Universes

Twin Universes
Other

Trivia

  • In the series, the term "multiverse" was never used in the original Japanese version of the anime, with the universes collectively being called the "world". The word "multiverse" replaced this in the Funimation dub. Beerus comments on it in Xenoverse 2, if the player chooses Beerus as mentor.
  • Akira Toriyama said that the structure of the cosmos was so that it would be easy for both him and the readers to understand.[4]
  • Akira Toriyama himself is included in the character dictionary in Daizenshuu 7, being described as the ultimate ruler of the Dragon Ball universe and a gentleman far, far greater than even the Kaioshins.
  • In Dragon Ball Z: Buu's Fury, Grand Kai's planet is located outside of the ball, below the Sacred World of the Kai.
  • It is unknown whether universes 13 through 18 were brought back into existence due to Android 17's wish, as he asked the Super Shenron to restore all erased universes and not specifically those erased in the Tournament of Power.
  • According to Whis, there are five warriors considered the strongest of the multiverse, to which only the Grand Minister is known and seen as the most powerful of them.
  • In the anime, at the end of the the Tournament of Power, Jiren and Goku were said to be the strongest mortal warriors of the multiverse when they faced each other at the height of theirpowers.
  • According to Jump Force, it is one of the Jump Worlds.

Gallery

DBDaizUniverse

The Universe in Daizenshuu 4

Universe(Daiz)

The Universe draft featured in Daizenshuu 4

DBUniverse

The Universe as depicted in one of the Super Exciting Guides

4KaisPlanets

The planets of the four Kais, located on each Quadrant of the Cosmos

Universe(BF)

The Universe in Buu's Fury(Planet of the Kais, Grand Kai's Planet, Heaven, Hell, Yemma's Office)

DB Universe

The structure of a Universe seen in the anime

Nothingness

Goku and Future Trunks looking for Future Zeno in the nothingness

References

Site Navigation

Sours: https://dragonball.fandom.com/wiki/Multiverse
All 12 Universes in Dragon Ball Super EXPLAINED! (Every Universe + 6 Lost Universes in DBS Info)

Dragon ball Universe

This piece is a loosely chronological highlight of Dragon Ball's most important scenes and characters. Scenes are drawn from the anime series Dragon Ball to Dragon Ball Z and even includes references from the films — Battle of Gods and Resurrection of F. In addition to general scene and character references throughout the composition, 7 Dragon Balls are also hidden among them. Bulma's Dragon Radar helps reveal where they are located.

 

 

Explore the details of Dragon Ball
through behind-the-scenes close-ups:

All 7 Dragon Balls Hidden in the Piece

Like in the series, all 7 Dragon Balls are hidden in the drawing, and Bulma’s Dragon Radar shows you where they are located!

kehasuk-work-dragon-ball-world-universe 3.jpg

Monkey King Goku

Dragonball nerds will recognize this as one the first scenes in the show/comic, or the first introduction of the hero Goku as he’s on his way home to cut the tree trunk into fire wood.

FUN FACT: The little character behind Goku is Akira Toriyama’s avatar for when he used to write author notes in the manga. In the image he is graffiting the words “Toriyama was here” on Goku’s house.

Master Roshi

Master Roshi’s Kame House was an iconic building in the Dragonball series with much of the storyline owing to it as a starting point for many of their adventures. With many characters coming and going the Kame House will always be one of the most recognizable settings in the Dragonball Universe.

FUN FACT: Roshi has a dirty magazine near the doorway and the TV is playing a workout video — some of his favorite past times.

kehasuk-work-dragon-ball-world-universe 1.jpeg

Uncle Raditz

The introduction of Raditz in the first chapter of Dragonball Z changed the whole direction of the series and explained how Goku was able to do all the crazy things he achieved in the original Dragonball.

FUN FACT: If you look close, crying Gohan in trapped inside of Raditz’s space pod.

Super Saiyan Goku

The transformation concept was first introduced in the original Dragonball with Goku turning into a giant ape however it was the Super Saiyan transformation that truly represents the Dragonball series.

FUN FACT: The main villains that represent each saga are placed on each side of Goku from Vegeta, Frieza, Cell, and Majin Buu.

 

Scavenger Hunt:

Are you a true Dragon Ball fan? Take a walk down memory lane and see if you can match the scenes below with an episode from the show:

 

  • Pilaf and Co with the rice cooker King Picollo was trapped in

  • Arale and Gatchan from Dr. Slump running on top of a dinosaur

  • Yajirobe cutting some dinosaur meat

  • Launch in her nice and feisty forms

  • Oolong wearing the panties from the first wish on his head

  • Krillin wearing the lingerie training outfit

  • Trunk’s Time Macine that Cell came in along with the egg and shell

  • Captain Ginyu as a frog

  • King Yenma, Kame, and Yenma’s helper

  • Android 16 is playing with some birds

  • Krillin holding the Android remote

  • Kame’s Tower is also the Hyperbolic Time Chamber

  • Shenlong the Dragon is hidden

  • Beerus eating cake

 

Sours: https://www.kehasuk.com/dragon-ball-universe

Universes dragon ball

Every God of Destruction in Dragon Ball Super

Dragon Ball Super's Gods of Destruction are among most powerful and fearsome beings in the Dragon Ball franchise. Here's who they all are.

The Gods of Destruction, also known as Destroyers, are among the most powerful beings in the world of Dragon Ball. The mythology behind these divine beings originated in the movie, Dragon Ball Z: Battle of Gods, before becoming one of the central concepts of Dragon Ball Super.

A God of Destruction is an extremely powerful deity whose purpose is to destroy. While Dragon Ball's Kais are expected to preserve and create life, the Destroyers are responsible for making sure the universe stays in balance by seeking out and destroying planets. Known for their chaotic natures, Destroyers aren't required to have good reasons for wiping out civilizations; sometimes, these gods destroy planets based on whims. Possessing of divine energy, the gods are capable of easily spreading destruction throughout the cosmos and are both feared and respected by their respective universes.

Related: Dragon Ball: Why Ultimate Gohan Doesn't Go Super Saiyan

It's revealed in Dragon Ball Super that there are 12 universes, and each of these universes has its own Destroyer. Each Destroyer is accompanied by an Angel, one of the divine children of the Grand Priest, the strongest character in Dragon Ball Super. The following is a list of every God of Destruction featured in Dragon Ball Super.

Beerus

The first God of Destruction introduced in the anime is Beerus, who holds the position as the Destroyer of Universe 7, the same world occupied by Goku and the Z-Warriors. Beerus was brought into the story after learning about a mysterious warrior called a Super Saiyan God, and sought out Goku and Vegeta. To satisfy Beerus' search and stop him from destroying the world, Goku had to achieve the Super Saiyan God form and fight Beerus. While Goku couldn't defeat Beerus, he at least managed to stop him from obliterating the planet. Ever since, Beerus has made several trips to Earth, mostly to speak with Goku and Vegeta and to enjoy the planet's cuisine. Beerus remained a main character through the end of Dragon Ball Super, often relying on the power of Goku and his friends when it came to matters like the Tournament of Power.

Champa

Champa is the God of Destruction of Universe 6 and Beerus' hotheaded brother. Champa, who has been shown to be petty and immature, clashes often with Beerus and is constantly looking to prove himself the superior of the two Destroyers. Champa played a key role in the Universe 6 Saga when he arranged a tournament with Beerus to compete for the location of one of the Super Dragon Balls. Despite putting together a team of strong fighters that consisted of characters like Cabba, Hit, and Frost, Champa lost the match with Universe 7 and was unable to win the Tournament of Power.

Sidra

Universe 9's Destroyer is a character named Sidra. Prior to the tournament, Sidra had to assemble a team of fighters for an exhibition match against representatives of Universe 7. Sidra's fighters, the Trio of Danger, lost to Goku's team. As a result, Sidra resented Universe 7 and was easily tricked by Quietela into thinking that Universe 7 was plotting against him. Sidra made a failed attempt to have Frieza assassinated before the Tournament of Power could begin, but was never found out.

Related: Dragon Ball: Every Time The Main Characters Have Died

Sidra's team was the first one to be eliminated from the Tournament of Power, making Sidra the first Destroyer to be erased from existence in Dragon Ball Super. He, along with all the others, was restored after Android 17 wished everyone back with the Super Dragon Balls.

Heles

Heles, who is renowned for her looks, grace, and her appreciation for beauty, is Universe 2's Destroyer and the only female God of Destruction. For most of the tournament, Heles talked of beauty and love, and seemed to have a clear influence on Ribrianne and the rest of her team's fighters, who all seemed to share her ideals about love and her disdain for all things ugly.

Quitela

The most sinister and manipulative Destroyer in Dragon Ball Super is arguably the mouse-like Quitela from Universe 4. Quitela had spies do recon on the other universes to see who would have an advantage in the Tournament of Power. He later manipulated Sidra into targeting Frieza, hoping that this would force Universe 7 out of the tournament. Quitela's knack for scheming was on display again in the tournament when it was discovered that he had two seemingly invisible fighters hidden on his team.

Belmod

Belmod, whose design closely resembles a clown, is the Destroyer of Universe 11. Belmod oversees Jiren's team, who serves as the main opposition to Goku and his friends in the tournament. Belmod remains confident through nearly the entire tournament that his champion, Jiren, will easily best all the other fighters and take home the prize for Universe 11, but is shocked when Universe 7's team proves to be much more capable than he expected. Since Universe 7 and Universe 11 outlast all the other teams, Belmod is the last god to be erased.

Rumsshi

Rumsshi, who bears the appearance of a pink, elephant-like creature, is the God of Destruction for Universe 10, the same world that gave birth to the conflict with Zamasu and Goku Black in the Future Trunks Saga. For the tournament, Rumsshi decided to focus on brawn over brain and assembled a team of the strongest warriors he could find, believing that brute force alone was the key to victory. His strategy wasn't the success he had hoped for, however, as Universe 10 became the second team to be eliminated.

Related: How Strong Dragon Ball Super's Piccolo Really Is

Mule

The Universe 3 consisted primarily of robots, and this theme was carried on by its God of Destruction, who was said to be Mosco. Mosco was a robotic Destroyer who communicates with beeps that are translated by others. Right before he and his team are erased, a small creature named Mule emerges from the suit to express his appreciation to his Supreme Kai. This surprising twist confirms that Mosco wasn't actually a God of Destruction, but a vessel for the real Destroyer, Mule.

Iwan, Arak, Liquiir, and Giin

When the Tournament of Power was being arranged, it was decided that Universes 1, 5, 8, and 12 were exempt from competing, since each of them were considered stronger than the other universes. Since they didn't participate in the tournament, not much is known about their Destroyers: Iwan (Universe 1) Arak (Universe 5), Liquirr (Universe 8), and Giin (Universe 12). Before the start of the tournament, Iwan, Arak, and Liquirr, and Giin were invited to engage in a short free-for-all match, but Giin decided to stand back and watch, knowing that they would be forced to fix up the area once it was over. Dragon Ball Super never lets viewers learn much about these characters or their universes, but they could be explored more deeply in the next Dragon Ball anime.

Top

Top is the second most powerful fighter in Universe 11 and the leader of the Pride Troopers. When Top is introduced in Dragon Ball Super, he's seen in the company of Belmod, as Top is in training to become a God of Destruction. Toward the end of the tournament, Top's power reaches a point where's he able to access God of Destruction Mode, giving him all the divine powers of a Destroyer. But even with those powers, he couldn't take down Vegeta. Since Belmod has expressed an interest in retiring, it's possible that in the near future, Top will succeed Belmod as Universe 11's Destroyer.

More: Dragon Ball Super May Have Set Up Cell's Return

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Dragon Ball

Japanese media franchise created by Akira Toriyama

This article is about the media franchise in general. For other uses, see Dragon Ball (disambiguation).

Dragon Ball (Japanese: ドラゴンボール, Hepburn: Doragon Bōru) is a Japanese media franchise created by Akira Toriyama in 1984. The initial manga, written and illustrated by Toriyama, was serialized in Weekly Shōnen Jump from 1984 to 1995, with the 519 individual chapters collected into 42 tankōbon volumes by its publisher Shueisha. Dragon Ball was originally inspired by the classical 16th-century Chinese novel Journey to the West, combined with elements of Hong Kong martial arts films. The series follows the adventures of protagonist Son Goku from his childhood through adulthood as he trains in martial arts. He spends his childhood far from civilization until he meets a teen girl named Bulma, who encourages him to join her quest in exploring the world in search of the seven orbs known as the Dragon Balls, which summon a wish-granting dragon when gathered. Along his journey, Goku makes several other friends, becomes a family man, discovers his alien heritage, and battles a wide variety of villains, many of whom also seek the Dragon Balls.

Toriyama's manga was adapted and divided into two anime series produced by Toei Animation: Dragon Ball and Dragon Ball Z, which together were broadcast in Japan from 1986 to 1996. Additionally, the studio has developed 20 animated feature films and three television specials, as well as two anime sequel series titled Dragon Ball GT (1996–1997) and Dragon Ball Super (2015–2018). From 2009 to 2015, a revised version of Dragon Ball Z aired in Japan under the title Dragon Ball Kai, as a recut that follows the manga's story more faithfully by removing most of the material featured exclusively in the anime. Several companies have developed various types of merchandising based on the series leading to a large media franchise that includes films, both animated and live-action, collectible trading card games, numerous action figures, along with several collections of soundtracks and numerous video games. Dragon Ball has become one of the highest-grossing media franchises of all time.

Since its release, Dragon Ball has become one of the most successful manga and anime series of all time, with the manga sold in over 40 countries and the anime broadcast in more than 80 countries. The manga's 42 collected tankōbon volumes have sold over 160 million copies in Japan, and are estimated to have sold more than 250–300 million copies worldwide, making it two best-selling manga series in history. Reviewers have praised the art, characterization, and humour of the story. It is widely regarded as one of the greatest and most influential manga series ever made, with many manga artists citing Dragon Ball as a source of inspiration for their own now-popular works. The anime, particularly Dragon Ball Z, is also highly popular across the world and is considered one of the most influential in boosting the popularity of Japanese animation in Western culture. It has had a considerable impact on global popular culture, referenced by and inspiring numerous artists, athletes, celebrities, filmmakers, musicians and writers across the world.

Setting[edit]

See also: List of Dragon Ball characters

Earth, known as the Dragon World (ドラゴンワールド) and designated as "Planet 4032-877" by the celestial hierarchy, is the main setting for the entire Dragon Ball series, as well as related media such as Dr. Slump, Nekomajin, and Jaco the Galactic Patrolman. It is mainly inhabited by Earthlings (地球人, Chikyūjin), a term used inclusively to refer to all of the intelligent races native to the planet, including humans, anthropomorphic beings, and monsters. Starting from the Dragon Ball Z series, various extraterrestrial species such as the Saiyans (サイヤ人, Saiya-jin) and Namekians (ナメック星人, Namekku-seijin) have played a more prominent role in franchise media.

The narrative of Dragon Ball predominantly follows the adventures of Goku; upon meeting Bulma at the beginning of the series, the two then embark on an adventure to gather the seven Dragon Balls.[ch. 1] Goku later receives martial arts training from Master Roshi, meets his lifelong friend Krillin, and enters the World Martial Arts Tournament to fight the strongest warriors on the planet. When the evil King Piccolo, and later his offspring Piccolo, tries to conquer the planet, Goku receives training from Earth's deities to defeat them. Goku later sacrifices his life to save the planet from his estranged brother Raditz,[ch. 205] but later trains in the afterlife under the tutelage of King Kai, to save it from the other incoming Saiyans Nappa and Vegeta. He later becomes a Super Saiyan and defeats the powerful tyrant Frieza. This sets the tone of the rest of the series, with each enemy the characters face becoming stronger than the last, requiring them to attain further training.

Dragon Ball Super establishes that the franchise is set in a multiverse[1] composed of twelve[N 1] numbered universes, each ruled by a number of benevolent and malevolent deities, respectively called Supreme Kais and Gods of Destruction who are appointed by a higher being called the Grand Zeno, who watches over the multiverse along with the Grand Priest, the father of all the Angels. Almost all of the Dragon Ball series, except for parts of Dragon Ball Super, takes place in Universe 7. Years in the timeline are called "Ages", with most of the story occurring between Age 749 and Age 790. Universe 7 contains several planets, including a fictionalized Earth, where humans reside, and Planet Vegeta, the home world of the Saiyans, a powerful and destructive race. Many other races also inhabit Universe 7, including Angels, Demons, Androids, Tuffles and Namekians. Humans are among the weakest races in the universe. The protagonist Goku is raised as a human on Earth but finds out that he is actually a Saiyan from Planet Vegeta.

Production[edit]

See also: List of Dragon Ball characters and Dragon Ball (manga) § Production

Akira Toriyama was a fan of Hong Kong martial arts films, particularly Bruce Lee films such as Enter the Dragon (1973) and Jackie Chan films such as Drunken Master (1978), and wanted to create a manga inspired by martial arts films.[2][3][4] This led to Toriyama creating the 1983 one-shot manga Dragon Boy, which he later redeveloped into Dragon Ball.[5] Toriyama loosely modeled the plot and characters of Dragon Ball on the classic Chinese novelJourney to the West,[6][5] with Goku being Sun Wukong ("Son Goku" in Japanese), Bulma as Tang Sanzang, Oolong as Zhu Bajie, and Yamcha being Sha Wujing.[7] Toriyama wanted to create a story with the basic theme of Journey to the West, but with "a little kung fu"[8] by combining the novel with elements from the kung fu films of Jackie Chan and Bruce Lee.[9] The title Dragon Ball was inspired by Enter the Dragon and later Bruceploitation knockoff kung fu films which frequently had the word "Dragon" in the title,[2] and the fighting scenes were influenced by Jackie Chan movies.[10][7] Since it was serialized in a shōnenmanga magazine, he added the idea of the Dragon Balls to give it a game-like activity of gathering something, without thinking of what the characters would wish for.[8] His concept of the Dragon Balls was inspired by the epic Japanese novelNansō Satomi Hakkenden (1814–1842), which involves the heroes collecting eight Buddhistprayer beads, which Toriyama adapted into collecting seven Dragon Balls.[11][12]

He originally thought it would last about a year or end once the Dragon Balls were collected.[13] Toriyama stated that although the stories are purposefully easy to understand, he specifically aimed Dragon Ball at readers older than those of his previous serial Dr. Slump.[14] He also wanted to break from the Western influences common in Dr. Slump, deliberately going for Chinese scenery, referencing Chinese buildings and photographs of China his wife had bought.[15] Toriyama wanted to set Dragon Ball in a fictional world largely based on Asia, taking inspiration from several Asian cultures including Japanese, Chinese, South Asian, Central Asian, Arabic and Indonesian cultures.[16] The island where the Tenkaichi Budōkai (天下一武道会, lit. "Strongest Under the Heavens Martial Arts Tournament") is held is modeled after Bali (in Indonesia), which he, his wife and assistant visited in mid-1985, and for the area around Bobbidi's spaceship he consulted photos of Africa.[15] Toriyama was also inspired by the jinn (genies) from The Arabian Nights.[17]

The Earth of Dragon Ball, as published in Daizenshuu 4: World Guide

During the early chapters of the manga, Toriyama's editor, Kazuhiko Torishima, commented that Goku looked rather plain, so to combat this he added several characters like Kame-Sen'nin and Kuririn, and created the Tenkaichi Budōkai martial arts tournament to focus the storyline on fighting. It was when the first Tenkaichi Budōkai began that Dragon Ball truly became popular, having recalled the races and tournaments in Dr. Slump.[7] Anticipating that readers would expect Goku to win the tournaments, Toriyama had him lose the first two while planning an eventual victory. This allowed for more character growth as the manga progressed. He said that Muscle Tower in the Red Ribbon Army storyline was inspired by the video game Spartan X (called Kung-Fu Master in the West), in which enemies appear very fast as the player ascends a tower (the game was in turn inspired by Jackie Chan's Wheels on Meals and Bruce Lee's Game of Death). He then created Piccolo Daimao as a truly evil villain, and as a result called that arc the most interesting to draw.[7]

Once Goku and company had become the strongest on Earth, they turned to extraterrestrial opponents including the Saiyans (サイヤ人, Saiya-jin); and Goku himself was retconned from an Earthling to a Saiyan who was sent to Earth as a baby.[18]Freeza, who forcibly took over planets to resell them, was created around the time of the Japanese economic bubble and was inspired by real estatespeculators, whom Toriyama called the "worst kind of people."[7] Finding the escalating enemies difficult, he created the Ginyu Force to add more balance to the series. When Toriyama created the Super Saiyan (サイヤ人, Sūpā Saiya-jin) transformation during the Freeza arc, he was initially concerned that Goku's facial expressions as a Super Saiyan made him look like a villain, but decided it was acceptable since the transformation was brought about by anger.[19] Goku's Super Saiyan form has blonde hair because it was easier to draw for Toriyama's assistant (who spent a lot of time blacking in Goku's hair), and has piercing eyes based on Bruce Lee's paralyzing glare.[20]Dragon Ball Z anime character designer Tadayoshi Yamamuro also used Bruce Lee as a reference for Goku's Super Saiyan form, stating that, when he "first becomes a Super Saiyan, his slanting pose with that scowling look in his eyes is all Bruce Lee."[21] Toriyama later added time travel during the Cell arc, but said he had a hard time with it, only thinking of what to do that week and having to discuss it with his second editor Yu Kondo.[7] After Cell's death, Toriyama intended for Gohan to replace Goku as the series' protagonist, but later felt the character was not suited for the role and changed his mind.[7]

Going against the normal convention that the strongest characters should be the largest in terms of physical size, he designed many of Dragon Ball's most powerful characters with small statures, including the protagonist, Goku.[22] Toriyama later explained that he had Goku grow up as a means to make drawing fight scenes easier, even though his first editor Kazuhiko Torishima was initially against it because it was rare to have the main character of a manga series change drastically.[23] When including fights in the manga, Toriyama had the characters go to uninhabited locations to avoid difficulties in drawing residents and destroyed buildings.[15] Toriyama said that he did not plan the details of the story, resulting in strange occurrences and discrepancies later in the series, including changing the colors of the characters mid-story and few characters having screentone because he found it difficult to use.[10][8][13][24] Since the completion of Dragon Ball, Toriyama has continued to add to its story, mostly background information on its universe, through guidebooks published by Shueisha.

During the second half of the series, Toriyama has said that he had become more interested in coming up with the story than actually drawing it, and that the battles became more intense with him simplifying the lines.[10] In 2013, he stated that because Dragon Ball is an action manga the most important aspect is the sense of speed, so he did not draw very elaborate, going so far as to suggest one could say that he was not interested in the art.[23] He also once said that his goal for the series was to tell an "unconventional and contradictory" story.[22] In 2013, commenting on Dragon Ball's global success, Toriyama said, "Frankly, I don't quite understand why it happened. While the manga was being serialized, the only thing I wanted as I kept drawing was to make Japanese boys happy.", "The role of my manga is to be a work of entertainment through and through. I dare say I don't care even if [my works] have left nothing behind, as long as they have entertained their readers."[25]

Manga[edit]

Main article: Dragon Ball (manga)

Dragon Balldebuted in Weekly Shōnen JumpNo. 51, on December 3, 1984 which is also considered to be highly sought after among fans and collectors.

Written and illustrated by Akira Toriyama, Dragon Ball was serialized in the manga anthology Weekly Shōnen Jump from December 3, 1984 to June 5, 1995,[26][27] when Toriyama grew exhausted and felt he needed a break from drawing. The 519 individual chapters were published into 42 tankōbon volumes by Shueisha from September 10, 1985 through August 4, 1995.[28][29][30] Between December 4, 2002 and April 2, 2004, the chapters were re-released in a collection of 34 kanzenban volumes, which included a slightly rewritten ending, new covers, and color artwork from its Weekly Shōnen Jump run.[31][32] The February 2013 issue of V Jump, which was released in December 2012, announced that parts of the manga will be fully colored and re-released in 2013.[33] Twenty volumes, beginning from chapter 195 and grouped by story arcs, were released between February 4, 2013 and July 4, 2014.[34][35] Twelve volumes covering the first 194 chapters were published between January 4 and March 4, 2016.[36][37] A sōshūhen edition that aims to recreate the manga as it was originally serialized in Weekly Shōnen Jump with color pages, promotional text, and next chapter previews, was published in eighteen volumes between May 13, 2016 and January 13, 2017.[38][39]

Spin-offs[edit]

Another manga penned by Ōishi, the three-chapter Dragon Ball: Episode of Bardock that revolves around Bardock, Goku's father, was published in the monthly magazine V Jump from August and October 2011.[40]

The final chapter of Toriyama's 2013 manga series Jaco the Galactic Patrolman revealed that it is set before Dragon Ball, with several characters making appearances.[41]Jaco's collected volumes contain a bonus Dragon Ball chapter depicting Goku's mother.[42]

In December 2016, a spin-off manga titled Dragon Ball Side Story: The Case of Being Reincarnated as Yamcha began in Shueisha's Shōnen Jump+ digital magazine. Written and illustrated by Dragon Garow Lee, it is about a high school boy who after an accident wakes up in the body of Yamcha in the Dragon Ball manga.[43]

Crossovers[edit]

Toriyama also created a short series, Neko Majin (1999–2005), that became a self-parody of Dragon Ball.[44] In 2006, a crossover between Kochira Katsushika-ku Kameari Kōen-mae Hashutsujo (or Kochikame) and Dragon Ball by Toriyama and Kochikame author Osamu Akimoto appeared in the Super Kochikame (超こち亀, Chō Kochikame) manga.[45] That same year, Toriyama teamed up with Eiichiro Oda to create a crossover chapter of Dragon Ball and One Piece titled Cross Epoch.[46]

Reception[edit]

Market(s) Publisher Volume sales As of Ref
JapanShueisha160,000,000+2016[47][48]
Overseas (15 countries)119,603,554+[d]
FranceGlénat Editions30,000,0002017[49][50][51][52]
South KoreaSeoul Cultural Publishers20,000,000+[c]2009[54]
SpainPlaneta deAgostini20,000,0002013[55]
ItalyStar Comics12,000,000+2017[56][57][58]
ChinaChina Children's Press & Publication Group10,000,000+[b]2013[60][61]
GermanyCarlsen Verlag8,000,000+2015[62][63][64]
Hong KongCulturecom7,560,0002004[65]
BrazilConrad Editora6,000,0002002[66]
United StatesViz Media2,185,000+2016[67]
DenmarkCarlsen Verlag1,500,000+2007[68][69]
SwedenBonnier Carlsen1,300,0002006[69]
FinlandSangatsu Manga500,0002009[70][71]
PolandJaponica Polonica Fantastica420,000+2008[72]
United KingdomGollancz / Viz Media78,5542010[73]
VietnamKim Đồng Publishing House60,000+[e]2009[74]
Worldwide (16 countries)279,603,554+[f]

Further information: Dragon Ball (manga) § Reception

See also: Weekly Shōnen Jump § Circulation figures

Dragon Ball is one of the most popular manga series of all time, and it continues to enjoy high readership today. Dragon Ball is credited as one of the main reasons manga circulation was at its highest between the mid-1980s and mid-1990s.[75][76] During Dragon Ball's initial run in Weekly Shōnen Jump, the manga magazine reached an average circulation of 6.53 million weekly sales, the highest in its history.[75][76][77] During Dragon Ball's serialisation between 1984 and 1995, Weekly Shōnen Jump magazine had a total circulation of over 2.9 billion copies,[78][g] with those issues generating an estimated ¥554 billion ($6.9 billion) in sales revenue.[g]

Dragon Ball also sold a record number of collected tankōbon volumes for its time. By 2000, more than 126 million tankōbon copies had been sold in Japan alone.[79] It sold over 150 million copies in Japan by 2008, making it the best-selling manga ever at the time.[80] By 2012, its sales in Japan had grown to pass 156 million, making it the second best-selling Weekly Shōnen Jump manga of all time, behind One Piece.[81]Dragon Ball's tankobon volumes sold 159.5 million copies in Japan by February 2014,[82] and have sold over 160 million copies in Japan as of 2016.[48]

The manga is similarly popular overseas, having been translated and released in over 40 countries worldwide.[83] Estimates for the total number of tankōbon volumes sold worldwide range from more than 250 million copies[48][84][85][86][87][88][89][90][91] to more than 300 million copies,[92][93][94][95][96][97] not including unofficial pirated copies; when including pirated copies, an estimated total of over 400 million official and unofficial copies have been sold worldwide.[f][b][c]

For the 10th anniversary of the Japan Media Arts Festival in 2006, Japanese fans voted Dragon Ball the third greatest manga of all time.[98] In a survey conducted by Oricon in 2007 among 1,000 people, Son Goku, the main character of the franchise, ranked first place as the "Strongest Manga Character of All Time."[99] Goku's journey and his ever-growing strength resulted in the character winning "the admiration of young boys everywhere".[6] Manga artists, such as One Piece creator Eiichiro Oda and Naruto creator Masashi Kishimoto, have stated that Goku inspired their series' main protagonists as well as series structure.[100][101]

Manga critic Jason Thompson stated in 2011 that "Dragon Ball is by far the most influential shonen manga of the last 30 years, and today, almost every Shonen Jump artist lists it as one of their favorites and lifts from it in various ways."[102] He says the series "turns from a gag/adventure manga to an nearly-pure fighting manga",[102] and its basic formula of "lots of martial arts, lots of training sequences, a few jokes" became the model for other shōnen series, such as Naruto.[103] Thompson also called Toriyama's art influential and cited it as a reason for the series' popularity.[102] James S. Yadao, author of The Rough Guide to Manga, claims that the first several chapters of Dragon Ball "play out much like Saiyuki with Dr. Slump-like humour built in" and that Dr. Slump, Toriyama's previous manga, has a clear early influence on the series.[104] He feels the series "established its unique identity" after the first occasion when Goku's group disbands and he trains under Kame-sen'nin, when the story develops "a far more action-packed, sinister tone" with "wilder" battles with aerial and spiritual elements and an increased death count, while humor still makes an occasional appearance.[104] Yadao claims that an art shift occurs when the characters "lose the rounded, innocent look that he established in Dr. Slump and gain sharper angles that leap off the page with their energy and intensity."[105]

Animerica felt the series had "worldwide appeal", using dramatic pacing and over-the-top martial arts action to "maintain tension levels and keep a crippler crossface hold on the audience's attention spans".[106] In Little Boy: The Art of Japan's Exploding Subculture, Takashi Murakami commented that Dragon Ball's "never-ending cyclical narrative moves forward plausibly, seamlessly, and with great finesse."[79] Ridwan Khan from Animefringe.com commented that the manga had a "chubby" art style, but as the series continued the characters got more refined, leaner, and more muscular. Khan prefers the manga over the slow pacing of the anime counterparts.[107] Allen Divers of Anime News Network praised the story and humor of the manga as being very good at conveying all of the characters' personalities. Divers also called Viz's translation one of the best of all the English editions of the series due to its faithfulness to the original Japanese.[108] D. Aviva Rothschild of Rationalmagic.com remarked the first manga volume as "a superior humor title". They praised Goku's innocence and Bulma's insistence as one of the funniest parts of the series.[109]

The content of the manga has been controversial in the United States. In November 1999, Toys "R" Us removed Viz's Dragon Ball from their stores nationwide when a Dallas parent complained the series had "borderline soft porn" after he bought them for his four-year-old son.[110] Commenting on the issue, Susan J. Napier explained it as a difference in culture.[110] After the ban, Viz reluctantly began to censor the series to keep wide distribution.[111] However, in 2001, after releasing three volumes censored, Viz announced Dragon Ball would be uncensored and reprinted due to fan reactions.[111] In October 2009, Wicomico County Public Schools in Maryland banned the Dragon Ball manga from their school district because it "depicts nudity, sexual contact between children and sexual innuendo among adults and children."[110]

Anime[edit]

Main article: List of Dragon Ball anime

Dragon Ball[edit]

Main article: Dragon Ball (TV series)

Further information: List of Dragon Ball episodes

Toei Animation produced an anime television series based on the first 194 manga chapters, also titled Dragon Ball. The series premiered in Japan on Fuji Television on February 26, 1986 and ran until April 19, 1989, lasting 153 episodes.[5] It is broadcast in 81 countries worldwide.[112]

Dragon Ball Z[edit]

Main article: Dragon Ball Z

Further information: List of Dragon Ball Z episodes

Instead of continuing the anime as Dragon Ball, Toei Animation decided to carry on with their adaptation under a new name and asked Akira Toriyama to come up with the title. Dragon Ball Z (ドラゴンボールZ(ゼット), Doragon Bōru Zetto, commonly abbreviated as DBZ) picks up five years after the first series left off and adapts the final 325 chapters of the manga. It premiered in Japan on Fuji Television on April 26, 1989, taking over its predecessor's time slot, and ran for 291 episodes until its conclusion on January 31, 1996.[5] Two television specials based on the Z series were aired on Fuji TV in Japan. The first, The One True Final Battle ~The Z Warrior Who Challenged Frieza – Son Goku's Father~, renamed Bardock – The Father of Goku by Funimation, was shown on October 17, 1990. The second special, Defiance in the Face of Despair!! The Remaining Super-Warriors: Gohan and Trunks, renamed The History of Trunks by Funimation, is based on a special chapter of the original manga and aired on February 24, 1993.

Dragon Ball GT[edit]

Main article: Dragon Ball GT

Further information: List of Dragon Ball GT episodes

Dragon Ball GT (ドラゴンボールGT(ジーティー), Doragon Bōru Jī Tī, G(rand) T(ouring)[113]) premiered on Fuji TV on February 7, 1996 and ran until November 19, 1997 for 64 episodes.[5] Unlike the first two anime series, it is not based on Akira Toriyama's original Dragon Ball manga,[114] being created by Toei Animation as a sequel to the series or as Toriyama called it, a "grand side story of the original Dragon Ball."[113] Toriyama designed the main cast, the spaceship used in the show, the design of three planets, and came up with the title and logo. In addition to this, Toriyama also oversaw production of the series, just as he had for the Dragon Ball and Dragon Ball Z anime. The television special episode, Goku's Side Story! The Proof of his Courage is the Four-Star Ball, or A Hero's Legacy as Funimation titled it for their dub, aired on March 26, 1997, between episodes 41 and 42, serving as a kind of precursor to the epilogue to the series shown at the end of episode 64.

Dragon Ball Z Kai[edit]

Main article: List of Dragon Ball Z Kai episodes

In February 2009, Dragon Ball Z celebrated its 20th anniversary, with Toei Animation announcing that it would broadcast a re-edited and remastered version of the Dragon Ball Z anime under the name Dragon Ball Kai (ドラゴンボール改, Doragon Bōru Kai, lit. "Dragon Ball Revised"). The footage would be re-edited to follow the manga more closely, eliminating scenes and episodes which were not featured in the original manga, resulting in a more faithful adaptation, as well as in a faster-moving, and more focused story.[115] The episodes were remastered for HDTV, with rerecording of the vocal tracks by most of the original cast, and featuring updated opening and ending sequences. On April 5, 2009, the series premiered in Japan airing in Fuji TV.[116][117]Dragon Ball Z Kai reduced the episode count to 159 episodes (167 episodes internationally), from the original footage of 291 episodes. Damaged frames were removed, resulting in some minor shots being remade from scratch in order to fix cropping, and others to address continuity issues.[118] The majority of the international versions, including Funimation Entertainment's English dub, are titled Dragon Ball Z Kai.[119][120]

Dragon Ball Super[edit]

Main article: Dragon Ball Super

Further information: List of Dragon Ball Super episodes

On April 28, 2015, Toei Animation announced Dragon Ball Super (ドラゴンボール超, Doragon Bōru Sūpā), the first all-new Dragon Ball television series to be released in 18 years. It debuted on July 5 and ran as a weekly series at 9:00 am on Fuji TV on Sundays until its series finale on March 25, 2018 after 131 episodes.[121]Masako Nozawa reprises her roles as Goku, Gohan, and Goten. Most of the original cast reprise their roles as well.[122][123]Koichi Yamadera and Masakazu Morita also reprise their roles, as Beerus and Whis, respectively.[123]

The story of the anime is set several years after the defeat of Majin Buu, when the Earth has become peaceful once again. Akira Toriyama is credited as the original creator, as well for "original story & character design concepts."[124] It is also being adapted into a parallel manga.[125]

Super Dragon Ball Heroes[edit]

Main article: Super Dragon Ball Heroes (anime)

Further information: List of Super Dragon Ball Heroes episodes and Dragon Ball Heroes

In 2018, an anime to promote the Super Dragon Ball Heroes card and video game series was announced with a July 1 premiere.[126] The series' announcement included a brief synopsis:

Trunks returns from the future to train with Goku and Vegeta. However, he abruptly vanishes. The mysterious man "Fu" suddenly appears, telling them that Trunks has been locked up on the "Prison Planet", a mysterious facility in an unknown location between universes. The group searches for the Dragon Balls to free Trunks, but an unending super battle awaits them! Will Goku and the others manage to rescue Trunks and escape the Prison Planet?

Other installments[edit]

The short film Dragon Ball: Yo! Son Goku and His Friends Return!! was created for the Jump Super Anime Tour,[127] which celebrated Weekly Shōnen Jump's 40th anniversary, and debuted on September 21, 2008. A short animated adaptation of Naho Ōishi's Bardock spinoff manga, Dragon Ball: Episode of Bardock, was shown on December 17–18, 2011 at the Jump Festa 2012 event.[128]

A two-episode original video animation (OVA) titled Dragon Ball Z Side Story: Plan to Eradicate the Saiyans was created in 1993 as strategy guides for the Famicom video game of the same name.[129] A remake titled Dragon Ball: Plan to Eradicate the Super Saiyans was created as a bonus feature for the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 video game Dragon Ball: Raging Blast 2, which was released on November 11, 2010.[130]

A two-part hour-long crossover special between Dragon Ball Z, One Piece and Toriko, referred to as Dream 9 Toriko & One Piece & Dragon Ball Z Super Collaboration Special!! aired on April 7, 2013.[131]

Reception[edit]

The anime adaptations have also been very well-received and are better known in the Western world than the manga, with Anime News Network saying, "Few anime series have mainstreamed it the way Dragon Ball Z has. To a certain generation of television consumers its characters are as well known as any in the animated realm, and for many it was the first step into the wilderness of anime fandom."[132] In 2000, satellite TV channel Animax together with Brutus, a men's lifestyle magazine, and Tsutaya, Japan's largest video rental chain, conducted a poll among 200,000 fans on the top anime series, with Dragon Ball coming in fourth.[133]TV Asahi conducted two polls in 2005 on the Top 100 Anime, Dragon Ball came in second in the nationwide survey conducted with multiple age-groups and in third in the online poll.[134][135]

Dragon Ball is one of the most successful franchises in animation history.[136] The anime series is broadcast in more than 80 countries worldwide.[112] In Japan, the first sixteen anime films up until Dragon Ball Z: Wrath of the Dragon (1995) sold 50 million tickets and grossed over ¥40 billion ($501 million) at the box office, in addition to selling over 500,000 home video units, by 1996.[137][138] Later DVD releases of the Dragon Ball anime series have topped Japan's sales charts on several occasions.[139][140] In the United States, the anime series sold over 25 million DVD units by January 2012,[141] and has sold more than 30 million DVD and Blu-ray units as of 2017.[136] In Latin America, public screenings of the Dragon Ball Super finale in 2018 filled public spaces and stadiums in cities across the region, including stadiums holding tens of thousands of spectators.[142]

Carl Kimlinger of Anime News Network summed up Dragon Ball as "an action-packed tale told with rare humor and something even rarer—a genuine sense of adventure."[143] Both Kimlinger and colleague Theron Martin noted Funimation's reputation for drastic alterations of the script, but praised the dub.[143][144] However, some critics and most fans of the Japanese version have been more critical with Funimation's English dub and script of Dragon Ball Z over the years. Jeffrey Harris of IGN criticized the voices, including how Freeza's appearance combined with the feminine English voice left fans confused about Freeza's gender.[145] Carlos Ross of T.H.E.M. Anime Reviews considered the series' characters to be different from stereotypical stock characters and noted that they undergo much more development.[146] Despite praising Dragon Ball Z for its cast of characters, they criticized it for having long and repetitive fights.[147]

Dragon Ball Z is well-known, and often criticized, for its long, repetitive, dragged-out fights that span several episodes, with Martin commenting "DBZ practically turned drawing out fights into an art form."[148] However, Jason Thompson of io9 explained that this comes from the fact that the anime was being created alongside the manga.[149]Dragon Ball Z was listed as the 78th best animated show in IGN's Top 100 Animated Series,[150] and was also listed as the 50th greatest cartoon in Wizard magazine's Top 100 Greatest Cartoons list.[151]

Harris commented that Dragon Ball GT "is downright repellent", mentioning that the material and characters had lost their novelty and fun. He also criticized the GT character designs of Trunks and Vegeta as being goofy.[145] Zac Bertschy of Anime News Network also gave negative comments about GT, mentioning that the fights from the series were "a very simple childish exercise" and that many other anime were superior. The plot of Dragon Ball GT has also been criticized for giving a formula that was already used in its predecessors.[152]

The first episode of Dragon Ball Z Kai earned a viewer ratings percentage of 11.3, ahead of One Piece and behind Crayon Shin-chan.[153] Although following episodes had lower ratings, Kai was among the top 10 anime in viewer ratings every week in Japan for most of its run.[154][155]

Other media[edit]

See also: List of Dragon Ball films

Anime films[edit]

Twenty animated theatrical films based on the Dragon Ball series have been released in Japan. The three most recent films, Dragon Ball Z: Battle of Gods (2013), Dragon Ball Z: Resurrection 'F' (2015) and Dragon Ball Super: Broly (2018), were produced as full-length feature films and were given stand-alone theatrical releases in Japan (as well as limited theatrical releases in the U.S.). They're also the first movies to have original creator Akira Toriyama deeply involved in their production; Battle of Gods and Resurrection 'F' were remade into the first and second arcs of the Dragon Ball Super anime, which told the same stories as the two films in expanded detail.[156][157] The 1996 feature film, Dragon Ball: The Path to Power, was also a full-length theatrical release with a running time of 80 minutes, and was produced to coincide with the 10th anniversary of the anime as a re-imagining of the first few arcs of the series.

All previous films were mostly below feature length (around 45–60 minutes each), making them only slightly longer than one or two episodes of the TV series; this is due to them being originally shown as back-to-back presentations alongside other Toei film productions. These films are also mostly alternate re-tellings of certain story arcs (like The Path to Power), or extra side-stories that do not correlate with the continuity of the series. The first three films, along with The Path to Power, are based on the original Dragon Ball anime series. The remaining thirteen older films are based on Dragon Ball Z. The first five films were shown at the Toei Manga Festival (東映まんがまつり, Tōei Manga Matsuri), while the sixth through seventeenth films were shown at the Toei Anime Fair (東映アニメフェア, Toei Anime Fea).

Live-action film[edit]

An American live-action film titled Dragonball Evolution was produced by 20th Century Fox after it acquired the feature film rights to the Dragon Ball franchise in March 2002. Previous to the film, two unofficial live-action films had been produced decades prior. The first was a Taiwanese film titled Dragon Ball: The Magic Begins, which was also dubbed in English, while the second was a Korean film titled Dragon Ball: Fight, Son Goku! Win, Son Goku!.[158][159] The film was directed by James Wong and produced by Stephen Chow, it was released in the United States on April 10, 2009.[159][160] The film was meant to lead into sequels,[161][162] which were cancelled, after the film flopped at the box office and became universally heralded as one of the worst adaptations of all time, being considered by the fans as being unfaithful to the source material.[163] Franchise creator Akira Toriyama also criticized the film adding he was completely left out of the creative process, despite having himself offered to help, going as far as saying: "the result was a movie, I couldn't even call Dragon Ball".[164] Years after its release, the writer of the film, Ben Ramsey, released a public apology in which he admitted to have written the film "chasing for a payday" instead of "as a fan of the franchise".[165][166]

With the news of 20th Century Fox selling itself, its assets; which include the film rights to the Dragon Ball franchise, will now be owned by its purchaser, The Walt Disney Company.[167]Jackie Chan had openly expressed interest in adapting the series into a live action movie.[168]

Theme park attractions[edit]

"Dragon Ball Z: The Real 4D" debuted at Universal Studios Japan in the summer of 2016. It features a battle between Goku and Freeza. Unlike most Dragon Ball animation, the attraction is animated with CGI. A second attraction titled "Dragon Ball Z: The Real 4-D at Super Tenkaichi Budokai" debuted at Universal Studios Japan in the summer of 2017, which featured a battle between the heroes and Broly.

Video games[edit]

See also: List of Dragon Ball video games

A Dragon Ball Zarcade conversion kit that includes the PCB, instructions and operator's manual

The Dragon Ball franchise has spawned multiple video games across various genres and platforms. Earlier games of the series included a system of card battling and were released for the Famicom following the storyline of the series.[169] Starting with the Super Famicom and Mega Drive, most of the games were from the fighting genre or RPG (Role Playing Game), such as the Super Butoden series.[170] The first Dragon Ball game to be released in the United States was Dragon Ball GT: Final Bout for the PlayStation in 1997.[171] For the PlayStation 2 and PlayStation Portable games the characters were redone in 3D cel-shaded graphics. These games included the Dragon Ball Z: Budokai series and the Dragon Ball Z: Budokai Tenkaichi series.[172][173]Dragon Ball Z: Burst Limit was the first game of the franchise developed for the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360.[174]Dragon Ball Xenoverse was the first game of the franchise developed for the PlayStation 4 and Xbox One.[175][176] A massively multiplayer online role-playing game called Dragon Ball Online was available in Korea, Hong Kong and Taiwan until the servers were shut down in 2013.[177] A few years later fans started recreating the game. Today, "Dragon Ball Online Global" is a new, European version of Dragon Ball Online and it is being developed, while open beta server is running.[178]

The mobile gameDragon Ball Z: Dokkan Battle (2015) has received over 300 million downloads worldwide, as of 2019[update].[179] A notable recent release is Dragon Ball FighterZ (2018), a fighting game developed by Arc System Works. The game received massive fan and critical acclaim for its fast paced frantic 3v3 battles and great visuals, also winning Best Fighting Game of 2018 at The Game Awards[180] and many other awards and other nominations. It also has a large eSports scene, where it is one of the most popular fighting games.[142] It also did very well commercially, selling 4 million units across all platforms.[181]

Merchandise[edit]

Period Retail sales Notes Ref
1989 to 2011 $5 billion Dragon Ball Z merchandise [182]
January 2012 to March 2012 ¥2.7 billion ($34 million) Bandai Namco toys only [183][184]
April 2012 to March 2013 ¥4.8 billion ($60 million) Bandai Namco toys only [185]
April 2013 to March 2014 ¥6.4 billion ($66 million)
April 2014 to March 2015 ¥5.8 billion ($55 million) Bandai Namco toys only [186]
April 2015 to March 2017 ¥21.9 billion ($201 million) Bandai Namco toys only [187][188]
April 2017 to December 2018 ¥29.7 billion ($269 million) Bandai Namco toys only [189][184]
2019 $1.95 billion+ Licensed merchandise [190]
January 2020 to December 2020 ¥15 billion ($146 million) Bandai Namco toys only [184][191]
Total known sales $7.781 billion+

In 1994, the licensee Bandai earned $140 million annually from sales of licensed Dragon Ball toys, video games and other character goods in Japan.[192] In 1996, Dragon Ball Z grossed $2.95 billion in merchandise sales worldwide.[193] Bandai sold over 2 billion Dragon BallCarddass cards in Japan by 1998,[194] and over 1 million Dragon Stars figurines in the Americas and Europe as of 2018.[195] In 2000, Burger King sponsored a toy promotion to distribute 20 millionDragon Ball Z figurines across North America.[196] By 2011, the franchise had generated $5 billion in merchandise sales.[182] In 2012, the franchise grossed ¥7.67 billion ($96.13 million) from licensed merchandise sales in Japan.[197]

Soundtracks[edit]

See also: List of Dragon Ball soundtracks

Myriad soundtracks were released in the anime, movies and the games. The music for the first two anime Dragon Ball and Z and its films was composed by Shunsuke Kikuchi, while the music from GT was composed by Akihito Tokunaga and the music from Kai was composed by Kenji Yamamoto and Norihito Sumitomo. For the first anime, the soundtracks released were Dragon Ball: Music Collection in 1985 and Dragon Ball: Complete Song Collection in 1991, although they were reissued in 2007 and 2003, respectively.[198] For the second anime, the soundtrack series released were Dragon Ball Z Hit Song Collection Series. It was produced and released by Columbia Records of Japan from July 21, 1989 to March 20, 1996 the show's entire lifespan. On September 20, 2006 Columbia re-released the Hit Song Collection on their Animex 1300 series.[199][200] Other CDs released are compilations, video games and films soundtracks as well as music from the English versions.[201]

Companion books[edit]

Cover of Dragon Ball: The Complete Illustrations

There have been numerous companion books to the Dragon Ball franchise. Chief among these are the Daizenshuu (大全集) series, comprising seven hardback main volumes and three supplemental softcover volumes, covering the manga and the first two anime series and their theatrical films. The first of these, Dragon Ball: The Complete Illustrations (Daizenshuu volume 1), first published in Japan in 1995, is the only one that was released in English, being printed in 2008 by Viz Media.[202] It contains all 264 colored illustrations Akira Toriyama drew for the Weekly Shōnen Jump magazines' covers, bonus giveaways and specials, and all the covers for the 42 tankōbon. It also includes an interview with Toriyama on his work process. The remainder have never been released in English, and all are now out of print in Japan. From February 4 to May 9, 2013, condensed versions of the Daizenshuu with some updated information were released as the four-volume Chōzenshū (超全集) series.[33] For Dragon Ball GT, the Dragon Ball GT Perfect Files were released in May and December 1997 by Shueisha's Jump Comics Selection imprint. They include series information, illustration galleries, behind-the-scenes information, and more. They were out of print for many years, but were re-released in April 2006 (accompanying the Japanese DVD release of Dragon Ball GT) and this edition is still in print.[203][204]

Coinciding with the 34-volume kanzenban re-release of the manga, and the release of the entire series on DVD for the first time in Japan, four new guidebooks were released in 2003 and 2004. Dragon Ball Landmark and Dragon Ball Forever cover the manga, using volume numbers for story points that reference the kanzenban release,[205][206] while Dragon Ball: Tenkaichi Densetsu (ドラゴンボール 天下一伝説) and Dragon Ball Z: Son Goku Densetsu (ドラゴンボールZ 孫悟空伝説) cover the Dragon Ball and Dragon Ball Z anime, respectively.[207][208] Much of the material in these books is reused from the earlier Daizenshuu volumes, but they include new textual material including substantial interviews with the creator, cast and production staff of the series. Son Goku Densetsu in particular showcases previously-unpublished design sketches of Goku's father Bardock, drawn by character designer Katsuyoshi Nakatsuru prior to creator Akira Toriyama's revisions that resulted in the final version.

Following the release of Dragon Ball Kai in Japan, four new guidebooks were released: the two-volume Dragon Ball: Super Exciting Guide (ドラゴンボール 超エキサイティングガイド) in 2009, covering the manga,[209][210] and two-volume Dragon Ball: Extreme Battle Collection (ドラゴンボール 極限バトルコレクション) in 2010, covering the anime series.[211][212] Despite the TV series airing during this time being Kai, the Extreme Battle Collection books reference the earlier Z series in content and episode numbers. These books also include new question-and-answer sessions with Akira Toriyama, revealing a few new details about the world and characters of the series. 2010 also saw the release of a new artbook, Dragon Ball: Anime Illustrations Guide – The Golden Warrior (ドラゴンボール アニメイラスト集 「黄金の戦士」); a sort of anime-counterpart to the manga-oriented Complete Illustrations, it showcases anime-original illustrations and includes interviews with the three principal character designers for the anime. Each of the Japanese "Dragon Box" DVD releases of the series and movies, which were released from 2003 to 2006, as well as the Blu-ray boxed sets of Dragon Ball Kai, released 2009 to 2011, come with a Dragon Book guide that contains details about the content therein. Each also contains a new interview with a member of the cast or staff of the series. These books have been reproduced textually for Funimation's release of the Dragon Ball Z Dragon Box sets from 2009 to 2011.

Collectible cards

See also: Dragon Ball Collectible Card Game

Collectible cards based on the Dragon Ball, Dragon Ball Z, and Dragon Ball GT series have been released by Bandai. These cards feature various scenes from the manga and anime stills, plus exclusive artwork from all three series. Bandai released the first set in the United States in July 2008.[213]

Tabletop role-playing game

Cultural impact[edit]

Since its debut, Dragon Ball has had a considerable impact on global popular culture.[142][216] Estimates for the franchise's lifetime revenue range from $23 billion[92] to $30 billion.[217] In 2015, the Japan Anniversary Association officially declared May 9 as "Goku Day" (悟空の日, Gokū no Hi); in Japanese, the numbers five and nine can be pronounced as "Go" and "Ku".[218] It is similarly influential in international popular culture across other parts of the world.[142]Dragon Ball is widely referenced in American popular culture, from television and music to celebrities and athletes, and the show has been celebrated with Goku making an appearance at the 2018 Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, and with Dragon Ballmurals appearing in cities such as Los Angeles, Chicago, Kansas City and Denver.[216]

Dragon Ball is also immensely popular in other regions of the world, such as Latin America, where public screenings of the Dragon Ball Super finale in 2018 filled public spaces and stadiums in cities across the region, including stadiums holding tens of thousands of spectators.[142]Dragon Ball creator Akira Toriyama was decorated a Chevalier or "Knight" of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres by the French government in May 2019 for his contributions to the arts, particularly for Dragon Ball which has been credited with popularizing manga in France.[219][220]

Vegeta's quote "It's Over 9000!" from the Saiyan Saga in the English dub of Dragon Ball Z is a popular internet meme.[221] Goku has been identified as a superhero,[222][223] as well as Gohan with his Great Saiyaman persona.[224]Motorola's Freescale DragonBall and DragonBall EZ/VZ microcontroller processors, released in 1995, are named after Dragon Ball and Dragon Ball Z, respectively.[225]

Comics and animation[edit]

Dragon Ball has been cited as inspiration across various different media. Dragon Ball is credited with setting trends for popular shōnen manga and anime since the 1980s, with manga critic Jason Thompson in 2011 calling it "by far the most influential shōnen manga of the last 30 years." Successful shōnen manga authors such as Eiichiro Oda (One Piece), Masashi Kishimoto (Naruto), Tite Kubo (Bleach), Hiro Mashima (Fairy Tail) and Kentaro Yabuki (Black Cat) have cited Dragon Ball as an influence on their own now popular works. According to Thompson, "almost every Shonen Jump artist lists it as one of their favorites and lifts from it in various ways."[102]

Ian Jones-Quartey, a producer of the American animated series Steven Universe, is a fan of Dragon Ball and Dr. Slump, and uses Toriyama's vehicle designs as a reference for his own. He also stated that "We're all big Toriyama fans on [Steven Universe], which kind of shows a bit."[226]Comic book artist André Lima Araújo cited Dragon Ball, along with several other manga and anime, as a major influence on his work, which includes Marvel comics such as Age of Ultron, Avengers A.I., Spider-Verse and The Inhumans.[227] Filipino comic artist Dexter Soy, who has worked on Marvel and DC comics such as Captain America, cited Dragon Ball as a major inspiration.[228]Tony Stark: Iron Man #11 (2019) makes references to Dragon Ball Z, including Miles Morales as Spider-Man referencing the Super Saiyan transformation.[229]

Film[edit]

An unofficial live-action Mandarin Chinese film adaptation of the series, Dragon Ball: The Magic Begins, was released in Taiwan in 1989.[5] In December 1990, the unofficial live-action Korean film Dragon Ball: Ssawora Son Goku, Igyeora Son Goku was released.[230][231] Action film star Jackie Chan is a fan of the franchise, and said Goku is his favorite Dragon Ball character. In 1995, Chan had expressed some interest in adapting Dragon Ball into a film, but said it would require "a lot of amazing special effects and an enormous budget."[232] Later in 2013, Toriyama said his ideal live-action Goku would have been a young Jackie Chan, stating that "nobody could play Goku but him."[233]

The Matrix franchise echoes Dragon Ball Z in several action scenes, including the climactic fights of the 2003 films Matrix Reloaded and Matrix Revolutions.[234] Filino-American film storyboard artist Jay Oliva has cited Dragon Ball as a major inspiration on his work, particularly the action scenes of 2013 Superman filmMan of Steel, which launched the DC Extended Universe.[235] Several films in the Marvel Cinematic Universe have also been visually influenced by Dragon Ball Z. Erik Killmonger's battle armour in Black Panther (2018) bears a resemblance to Vegeta's battle armour,[236][237] which actor Michael B. Jordan (himself a Dragon Ball fan) said may have inspired Killmonger's battle armor.[238] The fiery look of Carol Danvers' Binary powers in Captain Marvel (2019) also drew some influence from Dragon Ball Z.[239] In Shang-Chi and the Legend of the Ten Rings (2021), Katy refers to one of Shang-Chi's techniques as a "Kamehameha fireball";[240] the film's director Destin Daniel Cretton cited Dragon Ball Z as an inspiration behind the film's climactic fight scene.[241]

Music and sports[edit]

Dragon Ball has been channeled and referenced by numerous musicians. It is popular in the hip hop community, and has been referenced in numerous hip hop songs by rappers and artists such as Chris Brown, Chance the Rapper, Big Sean, Lil Uzi Vert, G-Mo Skee, The Weeknd, Childish Gambino,[216]Thundercat, B.o.B, Soulja Boy,[242]Drake,[243]Frank Ocean, and Sese.[244] Mark Sammut of TheGamer notes that Gohan occasionally performs the dab move (as The Great Saiyaman), decades before it became a popular hip-hop dance move in American popular culture.[245]

Numerous athletes have also channeled and referenced Dragon Ball, including NBAbasketball players such as Sacramento Kings guard De'Aaron Fox, Chicago Bulls forward Lauri Markkanen, Golden State Warriors player Jordan Bell, and Los Angeles Lakers guard Lonzo Ball, American footballNFL stars such as Cleveland Browns players Darren Fells and David Njoku, mixed martial artistRonda Rousey,[216] and WWE wrestlers such as The New Day.[246][247] Additionally, Canadian mixed martial artist Carlos Newton dubbed his fighting style "Dragon Ball Jiu-Jitsu" in tribute to the series.[248] Other mixed martial artists inspired by Dragon Ball include Yushin Okami, Yoshihiro Akiyama and Yuya Wakamatsu.[249] The French group Yamakasi cited Dragon Ball as an influence on their development of parkour, inspired by how the heroes attain extraordinary abilities through hard work.[250]

Video games[edit]

The producer of the Tekken video game series, Katsuhiro Harada, said that Dragon Ball was one of the first works to visually depict chi and thereby influenced numerous Japanese video games, especially fighting games such as Tekken and Street Fighter.[251] Masaaki Ishikawa, art director of the video game Arms, said that its art style was largely influenced by Dragon Ball and Akira.[252] French video game designer Éric Chahi also cited Dragon Ball as an influence on his 1991 cinematic platformerAnother World.[253] Other video game industry veterans who were inspired by Dragon Ball include Suda51, SWERY, Insomniac Games, Nina Freeman, Heart Machine, Iron Galaxy, and Mega64.[251]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^Tankōbon volume sales of original Dragon Ball manga, not including Dragon Ball Super.
  2. ^ abcdAdditionally, more than 100 million unofficial pirated copies are estimated to have been sold in China, as of 2005.[59]
  3. ^ abcdAdditionally, more than 30 million unofficial pirated copies are estimated to have been sold in South Korea, as of 2014.[53]
  4. ^Tally does not include unofficial pirated copies. When including the over 130 million unofficial pirated copies sold in China and South Korea,[b][c] an estimated total of approximately 250 million official and unofficial copies have been sold overseas.
  5. ^60,000 copies sold annually in Vietnam, as of 2009.[74]
  6. ^ abTally does not include unofficial pirated copies. When including the over 130 million unofficial pirated copies sold in China and South Korea,[b][c] an estimated total of over 400 million official and unofficial copies have been sold worldwide.
  7. ^ abSee Weekly Shōnen Jump § Circulation figures

[edit]

  1. ^Originally there were eighteen universes, but six of them were since erased by Zeno, a supreme deity.

References[edit]

  1. ^SOS from the Future: A Dark New Enemy Appears!, Funimation dub
  2. ^ ab"Akira Toriyama × Katsuyoshi Nakatsuru". TV Anime Guide: Dragon Ball Z Son Goku Densetsu. Shueisha. 2003. ISBN . Archived from the original on September 3, 2020. Retrieved November 21, 2019.
  3. ^The Dragon Ball Z Legend: The Quest Continues. DH Publishing Inc. 2004. p. 7. ISBN .
  4. ^"Interview — Dragon Power / Ask Akira Toriyama!". Shonen Jump (1). January 2003. Archived from the original on September 3, 2020. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
  5. ^ abcdefClements, Jonathan; Helen McCarthy (September 1, 2001). The Anime Encyclopedia: A Guide to Japanese Animation Since 1917 (1st ed.). Berkeley, California: Stone Bridge Press. pp. 101–102. ISBN . OCLC 47255331.
  6. ^ abWiedemann, Julius (September 25, 2004). "Akira Toriyama". In Amano Masanao (ed.). Manga Design. Taschen. p. 372. ISBN .
  7. ^ abcdefg (in Japanese). Shueisha. 1995. pp. 261–265. ISBN .
  8. ^ abc (in Japanese). Shueisha. 2004. pp. 80–91. ISBN .
  9. ^"The Truth About the "Dragon Ball" Manga: "Toriyama Thought of It Like This" Special". Dragon Ball Super Exciting Guide: Story-Hen [Dragon Ball Super Exciting Guide: Story Volume]. Tōkyō: Shūeisha. March 4, 2009. pp. 87–93. ISBN .
  10. ^ abc (in Japanese). Shueisha. 1995. pp. 206–207. ISBN .
  11. ^Padula, Derek (2015). Dragon Ball Culture Volume 2: Adventure. Derek Padula. p. 53. ISBN . Archived from the original on September 3, 2020. Retrieved April 29, 2020.
  12. ^"Akira Toriyama Q&A". ドラゴンボール 冒険SPECIAL [Dragon Ball: Adventure Special] (in Japanese). Shueisha. November 18, 1987. Lay summary.
  13. ^ ab"Shenlong Times 2". DRAGON BALL 大全集 2: Story Guide (in Japanese). Shueisha. 1995.
  14. ^"Toriyama/Takahashi interview". Furinkan.com. 1986. Archived from the original on August 2, 2017. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  15. ^ abc. Shueisha. 1995. pp. 164–169. ISBN .
  16. ^"Jason Thompson's House of 1000 Manga". Anime News Network. March 10, 2011. Archived from the original on January 17, 2019. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  17. ^"Dragon Ball Collector — Interview with the Majin". Shonen Jump. No. 58. October 2007. Archived from the original on September 3, 2020. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
  18. ^Toriyama, Akira (2004). (in Japanese). Shueisha. pp. 80–91. ISBN .
  19. ^Toriyama, Akira (1995). . Shueisha. pp. 206–210. ISBN .
  20. ^"Comic Legends: Why Did Goku's Hair Turn Blonde?". Comic Book Resources. January 1, 2018. Archived from the original on July 19, 2018. Retrieved November 21, 2019.
  21. ^"Dragon Ball Back Then Vol. 2: Interview with "Dragon Ball Z" character designer Tadayoshi Yamamuro". Dragon Ball Anime Illustration: Kin'iro no Senshi [Dragon Ball Anime Illustration Collection: The Golden Warrior] (in Japanese). Tōkyō: Hōmusha. April 21, 2010. pp. 50–1. ISBN .
  22. ^ ab"Interview with the Majin! Revisited". Shonen Jump. Viz Media. 5 (11): 388. November 2007. ISSN 1545-7818.
  23. ^ ab (in Japanese). Shueisha. 2013. pp. 224–225. ISBN .
  24. ^. Shueisha. 1995. pp. 206–210. ISBN .
  25. ^Iwamoto, Tetsuo (March 27, 2013). "Dragon Ball artist: 'I just wanted to make boys happy'". Asahi Shimbun. Archived from the original on April 1, 2013. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
  26. ^. Media Arts Database (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Archived from the original on October 9, 2016. Retrieved February 25, 2017.
  27. ^. Media Arts Database (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Archived from the original on March 22, 2016. Retrieved February 25, 2017.
  28. ^"Comipress News article on "The Rise and Fall of Weekly Shōnen Jump"". comipress.com. May 6, 2007. Archived from the original on April 1, 2012. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
  29. ^ (in Japanese). Shueisha. Archived from the original on March 13, 2017. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
  30. ^ (in Japanese). Shueisha. Archived from the original on September 29, 2015. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
  31. ^ (in Japanese). Shueisha. Archived from the original on October 6, 2016. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
  32. ^ (in Japanese). Shueisha. Archived from the original on October 6, 2016. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
  33. ^ ab"Dragon Ball Manga Reprinted in Full Color in Japan". Anime News Network. Archived from the original on September 3, 2020. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  34. ^ (in Japanese). Shueisha. Archived from the original on September 27, 2015. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  35. ^ (in Japanese). Shueisha. Archived from the original on May 26, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
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Tolik and Olya were returning from school. The swarthy girl was in a short skirt and a white blouse made of light fabric. This cute thirteen-year-old teenager was an inventor for all sorts of fun.



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