Zeta psi letters

Zeta psi letters DEFAULT

List of Zeta Psi chapters

Name Chartered Institution Location Status Notes Reference Alpha Epsilon 1909 University of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUrbana, IL, USActive Alpha Mu 1938 Dalhousie UniversityHalifax, NS, CAActive Inactive: 1940-1947, 1988-1997, 2007-2012 [1]Alpha Theta 2001 University of Waterloo & Wilfrid Laurier UniversityWaterloo, ON, CAActive Inactive: 2010-2015 Alpha Pi 1975 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburg, VA, USActive [2]Alpha Psi 1883 McGill UniversityMontreal, QC, CAActive Inactive: 1971-1977 Beta 1868 University of VirginiaCharlottesville, VA, USActive Inactive: 2011-2013 Alpha Beta 1899 University of MinnesotaMinneapolis, MN, USActive Inactive: 2001-2015 [3]


Beta Delta 2015 University of ArizonaTucson, AZ, USActive Beta Tau 1977 Tulane UniversityNew Orleans, LA, USActive Delta 1848 Rutgers UniversityNew Brunswick, NJ, USActive Inactive: 2009-2011, 2014-2019 Gamma 1875 Syracuse UniversitySyracuse, NY, USActive Inactive: 1888-1905, 2007-2019 [5]Gamma Epsilon 2009 Georgetown UniversityWashington, DC, USActive Gamma Psi 2016 University of GuelphGuelph, ON, CAActive This chapter in Ontario is missing the customary "Theta" letter reference to the Toronto chapter. Delta Chi 1969 American UniversityWashington, DC, USActive Inactive: 1972-2010 Zeta Tau 2015 Michigan State UniversityEast Lansing, MI, USActive Eta 1889 Yale UniversityNew Haven, CT, USActive Theta Eta 2009 Brock UniversitySt. Catharines, ON, CAActive Theta Xi 1879 University of TorontoToronto, ON, CAActive First Greek letter fraternity in Canada. Theta Omicron 2012 Trinity College DublinDublin, IEActive Not recognized by university. Theta Phi 1947 University of Western OntarioLondon, ON, CAActive Theta Psi 2010 Queen's UniversityKingston, ON, CAActive Not recognized by university. Iota 1870 University of California, BerkeleyBerkeley, CA, USActive Temporarily Inactive 2017 [6]


Iota Alpha 1979 University of Texas at AustinAustin, TX, USActive Inactive: 2005-2008 Iota Delta 1981 University of California at DavisDavis, CA, USActive Inactive: 1998-2014 Iota Nu 2013 University of Nevada, RenoReno, NV, USActive Iota Omicron 2008 University of OxfordOxford, ENG, UKActive Not recognized by university. First Greek letter fraternity in the UK. Kappa 1855 Tufts UniversityMedford, MA, USActive Kappa Phi 1984 The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and ArtNew York City, NY, USActive Mu Theta 1930 University of AlbertaEdmonton, AB, CAActive Mu Pi 2007 Binghamton UniversityBinghamton, NY, USActive Nu 1884 Case Western Reserve UniversityCleveland, OH, USActive Nu Delta 2000 Marist CollegePoughkeepsie, NY, USActive Omicron 1958 Nebraska Wesleyan UniversityLincoln, NE, USActive Omicron Epsilon 1850 Princeton UniversityPrinceton, NJ, USActive Inactive: 1883-1982 Pi 1865 Rensselaer Polytechnic InstituteTroy, NY, USActive Inactive: 1894-1950 Pi Kappa 1969 Bloomsburg University of PennsylvaniaBloomsburg, PA, USActive Inactive: 1999-2008 Pi Tau 1976 Worcester Polytechnic InstituteWorcester, MA, USActive Psi Omicron 2019 Université de ParisParis, Île-de-France, FranceActive Not recognized by university. Rho Alpha 1979 Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridge, MA, USActive Sigma 1850 University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphia, PA, USActive [9]Sigma Beta 2015 University of California, Santa BarbaraSanta Barbara, CA, USActive Sigma Epsilon 1926 University of British ColumbiaVancouver, BC, CAActive Inactive: 1993-2012 Sigma Gamma 2007 North Carolina State UniversityRaleigh, NC, USActive Not recognized by university. Tau 1857 Lafayette CollegeEaston, PA, USActive Inactive: 2014-2018 Tau Theta 2005 University of Ontario Institute of TechnologyOshawa, ON, CAActive Tau Gamma 1968 Purdue UniversityWest Lafayette, IN, USActive Upsilon 1858 University of North CarolinaChapel Hill, NC, USActive Phi 1847 New York UniversityNew York City, NY, USActive Phi Epsilon 1976 University of Maryland, College ParkCollege Park, MD, USActive Phi Lambda 1920 University of WashingtonSeattle, WA, USActive Chi Gamma 1967 University of CalgaryCalgary, AB, CAActive Inactive: 2007-2013 Psi 1868 Cornell UniversityIthaca, NY, USActive Psi Epsilon 1853 Dartmouth CollegeHanover, NH, USActive Inactive: 1865-1870, 1874-1919 [10]Omega Alpha 1864 University of ChicagoChicago, IL, USActive
Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Zeta_Psi_chapters

Torch of Zeta Psi

What is the Torch of Zeta Psi?

In 2010, the Ritual Committee of the Zeta Psi Fraternity determined that out fraternity Ritual and historical education system was lacking.

Educational content has been limited to an explanation of fraternity “secrets” and when explained, unqualified educators have provided their groups with the best guesses of historical correlations. Gold and Silver Escutcheon examination fraud has been rampant amongst chapters. And most troubling, the interest that Zetes have for an explanation of our history and traditions is exceptionally high, signaling a misunderstanding of what our organization stands for.

Frankly, our fraternity is starving for knowledge. And it is the responsibility of the Ritual Committee of the Zeta Psi Fraternity to offer a plan that encourages both undergraduate and graduate Zetes to engage and understand the historical import and shortcomings of Greek-letter societies. We must feed our constituents desire to learn.

The Torch of Zeta Psi is our solution. We will expand the concepts touched on by ritual and historical education sessions, awarding and recognizing knowledge and excellence by deserving Zetes. We will cultivate a new structure of devoted and dedicated Zeta Psi brethren who wish to learn about more than the history of their local chapters. The Torch will provide our fraternity with a method for sharing information previously unavailable.

The Steps

Level 1 - The Attendee

The first level of The Torch of Zeta Psi is simple; a fully initiated brother in the Zeta Psi Fraternity must attend one in-person ritual course taught by a member of Zeta Psi’s Ritual Committee, or an appointed representative of the committee.

Again, in order to attempt this first level, you must be an initiated brother in the Zeta Psi Fraternity!

Attendance will be recorded at the meeting and will be verified by the Ritual Committee or Zete IHQ.

In order to advance in The Torch, you must complete this first level.

After completing this level, you’ll receive a certified letter via e-mail from the Chair of the Ritual Committee, which verifies you as an Attendee within The Torch of Zeta Psi! You will also be invited to attempt Level 2, The Gold Escutcheon Examination.

Did you attend a Ritual session more than 3 months ago and haven’t received an e-mail from the Ritual Committee yet? Contact us.


  • Be a fully initiated brother in the Zeta Psi Fraternity
  • Attend an in-person ritual and historical course taught by a member of Zeta Psi’s Ritual Committee, or an appointed representative of the committee
  • Only sanctioned Ritual Educators (Level 3) can teach the ritual and historical course

Level 2 - The Gold Escutcheon

In order to be awarded The Gold Escutcheon of Zeta Psi, candidates must take and pass an examination based on the history and traditions of the Zeta Psi Fraternity.

Candidates must…

  • Be a fully initiated brother in the Zeta Psi Fraternity
  • Have proof of Level One (Attendance) achievement
  • Take the examination either at:
    • A Zeta Psi Fraternity International Convention
    • A Zeta Psi sanctioned Leadership Training Institute (LTI) event
    • The Zeta Psi International Headquarters in Pearl River, NY

If you held a Gold Escutcheon prior to August 2013, you’re automatically grandfathered into Level 2, as long as you attend a Ritual Education Session.

Those that do not attend the Ritual Education Session are not allowed to advance within The Torch.

Upon passing The Gold Escutcheon Examination, the candidate will receive a certified letter via e-mail from the Chair of the Ritual Committee. This e-mail will verify you as a recipient of The Gold Escutcheon of Zeta Psi within The Torch of Zeta Psi! You’ll receive your escutcheon in the mail from IHQ and will be invited to attempt Level 3, The Educators.

Did you pass the Gold Escutcheon Examination more than 6 months ago but haven’t received your award yet? Contact Us.


  • Exceptions to this policy are reviewed in a case by-case-basis and should be requested.
  • Candidates must pass with a score of 95% or greater

Level 3 – The Educators

The third level of The Torch of Zeta Psi, The Educators, is designed to create a network of Zeta Psi brethren that can instruct their chapters on the ritual and history of the Zeta Psi Fraternity.

In order to become an Educator, the candidate must…

Accepted Educators will receive a certified letter via e-mail from the Chair of the Ritual Committee, which verifies you as an Educator within The Torch of Zeta Psi and the Educator Certificate, presented at the annual Zeta Psi Convention LTI Luncheon! You will also be invited to submit an Essay, which is Level 4 in The Torch of Zeta Psi.

Send your Application

Educator candidates will be evaluated by the Ritual Committee based off of…

  • Their involvement with their local chapter
  • Their interest in the history and ritual of Zeta Psi and Fraternal organizations in general
  • Their educational interests and achievements
  • Additional intangibles as determined by the Committee

Level 4 – The Essayist

Prior to Level Four, all of the information asked of Zeta Psi brothers has been automatic; memorization of facts, understanding of historical dates, and a conceptual understanding of the significance of men’s and women’s fraternal organizations.

The Essay is your opportunity to creatively research a topic of interest for the Zeta Psi Fraternity.

All essay’s will be published on the Zeta Psi Fraternity website therefore please ensure that all of the content of your paper is fit for public consumption.

Candidates are encouraged to be as specific as possible in their paper. For example, it is preferred that you write a paper regarding the Upsilon Chapter during Reconstruction rather than a history of the Upsilon Chapter.

Upon request, candidates will be provided with a Zete Mentor; this mentor will assist the candidate in Essay development.

Essays that are endorsed by the Ritual Committee will be published on the Zeta Psi Fraternity website. Essayists will receive the Ritual Scholar Award at the Phi Alpha’s Luncheon at the annual Zeta Psi Fraternity International Convention. Some Essayists will be invited to be examined by the Ritual Committee to determine if they are fit to join the ranks of The Worthy.


  • Candidates must be fully initiated brothers in the Zeta Psi Fraternity
  • Candidates must have attained the first three Levels of The Torch of Zeta Psi. You must submit your proof of these three levels with your Essay or your Essay will not be considered by the Committee
  • Candidate must submit their topic to the Ritual Committee for approval prior to writing their Essay (Submit your topic here)

Candidates must meet the Essay Submission Criteria listed below:

  • Essay is between 8-16 pages, double-spaced (more specific details about the format of the paper and grading criterion are listed here at  Torch Essay Rubric)
  • Essay will be on one of the following 7 topics:
    1. The History of Fraternities and Sororities
    2. History within Zeta Psi Fraternity
    3. History of Local Chapters
    4. Relationship of chapters with the University/Government/Society at Large
    5. A Zete Brother of renown
    6. The History of Fraternal Ritual (note that this topic is not about current ritual concepts but how ancient organizations influenced the actions of fraternities)
    7. Subject to approval by the Ritual Committee, candidates are allowed to submit a topic that does not fall into the six topics listed above

Level 5 – The Worthy

Those who are deemed Worthy by the Ritual Committee of the Zeta Psi Fraternity have shown excellence in the knowledge of the history and ritual of the fraternity. They are leaders in their undergraduate and/or elder chapters, pillars of their local communities, and educational achievers. They are the current and future leaders of the Ritual Committee and are hand-selected by the Committee to serve Zeta Psi in the future.

Candidates will undergo an intense interview process and oral examination in front of the Ritual Committee at the annual Zeta Psi Fraternity International Convention. A sample list of questions that could be asked to candidates will be available in 2014.

Candidates have five years from the time in which they are invited to appear in front of the Ritual Committee before the invite expires (For example, a candidate invited in 2014 has until 2019 to be interviewed).

Those whom are invited into to join the ranks of The Worthy will receive The Torch of Zeta Psi at the Grand Chapter Banquet during the annual Zeta Psi Fraternity International Convention, The Torch of Zeta Psi pin, and will be invited to serve as an At-Large member of the Ritual Committee.

The Worthy

Sours: https://zetapsi.org/programs/torch-of-zeta-psi/
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The Zeta Psi Story

In 1847, three intrepid young men gathered in New York City with a grand purpose in mind: the establishment of a new Greek letter secret society. Since then, Zeta Psi has grown to become a premier fraternal organization with active undergraduate chapters throughout the United States, Canada, England, Ireland, and France. Through active chapter participation and continuing alumni outreach, Zeta Psi members are committed to the development of leadership, character, and intellect – and to the service of their brothers, their communities, and mankind.

Becoming a Zete truly means becoming a brother for life. Learn how you can make your undergraduate experience (and beyond) as memorable as possible.

Join Today

As a brother for life, your leadership remains invaluable - especially upon entering the post-graduate world. Learn more about the many ways you can help our undergraduate leaders as an elder.

Sign Up

It’s thanks to our numerous benefactors that Zeta Psi is able to continually provide the level of service and leadership training that our undergraduates deserve. Learn more about our giving programs.

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Dedicated to forging academic excellence and life-long bonds of brotherhood, Zeta Psi strives to be the premier international men’s fraternal organization. Through active chapter participation and continuing alumni outreach, Zeta Psi members are committed to the

Development of leadership, character, and intellect, as well as to the service of their brothers, their communities, and mankind.

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Sours: https://zetapsi.org/
Phi Kappa Psi House Tour - University of Washington

Histories of Early Penn Fraternities Early Fraternities Zeta Psi

Penn’s Sigma chapter was established on 8 July 1850; the national fraternity was founded in 1847 at New York University by William Henry Dayton, John M. Skillman, and John B. Yates Somers. In 1872, the year Penn moved to West Philadelphia, The Record contained a page naming fourteen members of Zeta Psi. The first few years in West Philadelphia, however, were a low point in the life of the Eta chapter. The Record of 1874 stated that Zeta Psi had become inactive; no members were reported in either 1874 or 1875, but in 1876 The Record again contained a page dedicated to Zeta Psi. The Record of 1877 stated the following, “the Sigma Chapter of the Zeta Psi fraternity having been recently re-established.” Penn’s Sigma chapter has remained in continuous existence since that time.

Penn’s Sigma chapter was Zeta Psi’s fifth, following New York University (1847), Williams College (1848), Rutgers University (1848), and Princeton University (1850). In its entry in the 1940 edition of The Record, Zeta Psi stated that it was the first national fraternity to reach the Pacific coast, with the establishment of the California chapter in 1870. It also claimed to be the first international fraternity on the basis of a chapter established at the University of Toronto in 1879. It also noted that each of Zeta Psi’s six Canadian chapters was the first Greek-letter fraternity at its respective institution. Zeta Psi is one of the most prestigious fraternities in the United States.

The 1883 Catalogue of the Zeta Psi Fraternity provided the names of the first members of Penn’s Sigma chapter. Fairman Rogers (A.B. 1853; Trustee, 1871-85) and William Lehman Wells (A.B. 1852, M.D. 1856) were the leaders among eleven undergraduates who organized the chapter. The others included one member of the Class of 1851, four members of the Class of 1852, and four members of the Class of 1853. The names of the other nine men and their class records at Penn are as follows:

Joseph Johnson Brown (A.B. 1851); William Foster Biddle (A.B. 1852); Henry Augustus Duhring (A.B. 1852); John Andrews Harris (Class of 1852; Hon. D.D. 1886); Francis Albert Lewis (Class of 1852); William Moss (Class of 1853); Robert Earp Randall (A.B. 1853), Gideon Scull, Jr. (A.B. 1853), and James Park Farley Shippen (Class of 1853).

By March 1851 the Sigma chapter had rented rooms in a building on the west side of Sixth Street, just north of Spruce Street. It soon became the fraternity of some of Penn’s best known families, including future Provost William Pepper, M.D., future U.S. Senator George Wharton Pepper, and a second future Penn Provost, Charles Custis Harrison.

In the mid 1870s, however, Zeta Psi virtually disbanded at Penn. Zeta Psi’s official history, The Story of Zeta Psi, by Howard Bement and Douglas Bement (1932), stated charitably that from 1873 until 1876 the Sigma chapter did not hold meetings “with any regularity” and only initiated a total of six men in the College Classes of 1875, 1876, and 1877. In March 1876, when four undergraduates wished to pledge, they were forced to petition “the Elders” in order to be initiated. These young men – Robert Patterson Robins (A.B. 1876), his younger brother, Thomas (A.B. 1877), Thomas Rundle Neilson (A.B. 1877), and Alfred Emlen Newbold (College Class of 1879, non-grad.) – effectively resurrected the Sigma chapter from the dead and gave it a promising future. They initiated seven others during before the end of the 1876 academic year and five more in 1876-77. Zeta Psi was back on its feet at Penn.

Bements’s Story of Zeta Psi, stated that in 1897 the Sigma chapter purchased and occupied the row houses at 3337 and 3339 Walnut Street. It then altered the houses to create a single club house. In 1908 they were able to purchase an additional, adjacent piece of property and begin a fundraising campaign to design and build a new house. Professors Brownlee and Thomas, in First University, stated that in 1909 the chapter demolished the old buildings and constructed the impressive, architect-designed house that the fraternity still occupies at 3337 Walnut Street, on the northeast corner of 34th and Walnut Streets. They noted that the architects were two Penn alumni, C. Wharton Churchman and Walter H. Thomas, one of whom, Churchman, was a member of Zeta Psi. The Story of Zeta Psi, added that the fundraising exceeded its $30,000 goal and that the new house was occupied in September 1910.

In The Record of 1940, the Sigma chapter claimed that it had “the distinguished honor of having been in continuous existence on the campus longer than any other local fraternity.” In writing this, it seems that the men of Zeta Psi had forgotten about the Sigma chapter’s suspension in the mid 1870s. It may be that Delta Psi has the better claim to longest continuous existence at Penn.

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Sours: https://archives.upenn.edu/exhibits/penn-history/fraternities/listing/zeta-psi

Letters zeta psi

Zeta Psi

American collegiate fraternity

"ΖΨ" redirects here. For the historic fraternity house in Pennsylvania, see Zeta Psi Fraternity House at Lafayette College.

Zeta Psi
Zeta Psi Coat of Arms.png
FoundedJune 1, 1847; 174 years ago (1847-06-01)
New York University
Colors  Zeta Psi Gold
  Pure White
  Pure Black
FlagZeta Psi flag.png
FlowerWhite Carnation
PublicationThe Circle
PhilanthropyZete Kids USA
Chapters87 (53 Active, 34 Inactive)
Headquarters15 South Henry St
Pearl River, NY 10965
WebsiteOfficial website

Zeta Psi (ΖΨ) is one of the world's oldest collegiate fraternities. Its members are known as "Zetes" (IPA: zeɪts).

Zeta Psi was founded on June 1, 1847 at New York University. The organization now comprises fifty-three active chapters and thirty-four inactive chapters, encompassing roughly fifty thousand brothers, and is a founding member of the North American Interfraternity Conference. It has historically been selective about the campuses at which it has established chapters,[2] focusing on forging new territory and maintaining a presence at prestigious institutions: it was the first fraternity on the West Coast at the University of California, Berkeley, on June 10, 1870,[3] the first fraternity in Canada at the University of Toronto,[4] March 27, 1879, and the only fraternity to have chapters simultaneously at all eight Ivy League schools with the chartering of the Eta chapter at Yale University in 1889 (though this claim lasted only a few years, owing to faculty opposition to the Princeton University chapter).[5] The fraternity became intercontinental on May 3, 2008 with the chartering of Iota Omicron at the University of Oxford, and then with the chartering of Theta Omicron at Trinity College Dublin in 2012. Its newest such chapter, Psi Omicron at the University of Paris, officially joined on May 18, 2019.

The public motto is "ΤΚΦ" (or occasionally as "TKP" when rendered in English).[clarification needed]

Zeta Psi's international headquarters is located in Pearl River, New York.


1847 to 1860: Foundation and early expansion[edit]

On the first of June in 1847, three young men gathered in a New York City bungalow with a purpose in mind: the constitution of a new Greek-letter society. Their names were:

  • John Bradt Yates Sommers
  • William Henry Dayton
  • John Moon Skillman.

Then students at New York University, the three men formed the core of the first chapter, Phi. But William Dayton was stricken with poor health, and departed New York shortly afterward for more temperate climes. He retired to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where the warm weather and liberal policies were expected to improve his humors, intending to begin a chapter there.[6] But the move was inauspicious: Dayton died within the year, and the University of North Carolina was without a chapter of Zeta Psi.

The Phi chapter at NYU persisted in his absence, and graduated its first member the next year with George S Woodhull (Φ '48). The second chapter was established as Zeta at Williams College in Massachusetts. The Delta chapter was founded at Rutgers University later that year,[6] and was the most continuously active chapter of the fraternity until it became inactive in 2009.

Three chapters followed in 1850: Omicron (now Omicron Epsilon) at Princeton University, Sigma at the University of Pennsylvania, and Chi at Colby College in Waterville, Maine. The first two are still active, as was the Chi Chapter until 1988. In the early 1980s Colby College prohibited Fraternities on campus, despite the long and storied tradition they had enjoyed there. By 1988, ejected from campus and banned from any formal rush, the chapter quietly expired after over 130 years of existence. Problems beset other early chapters as well. The first Alpha chapter was founded in 1852 at Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. But immediate resistance from the administration slowly wore upon the brothers there, and that chapter became inactive in 1872, permitting its letter to be used for the later chapter founded at Columbia.[7]

1860 to 1864: The Civil War[edit]

Abraham Lincoln was elected president of the United States in 1860, and South Carolina seceded from the Union, followed shortly thereafter by her fellow Southern states. Expansion of the Fraternity halted as campuses rallied for war and sent companies of their collegemen to battle.

At the outbreak of war, the Upsilon chapter at UNC—only chartered three years before—found itself the only chapter of Zeta Psi among all the Southern states, sundered from the North by the sudden lines of enmity. But even as they mustered for war and marched south, the Grand Chapter of Zeta Psi, specially assembled in early July 1862, adopted the resolution of Brother William Cooke (Φ '58) prescribing unity:

RESOLVED, That while we may differ in political sentiment with those of our Brothers who are courageously battling for principles which they deem right, no disaster shall separate them from the union of Tau Kappa Phi.

And the brothers of Upsilon replied by letter in like fashion:

WHEREAS, The present distracted state of our country renders it inexpedient to hold our convention in this State during this year;
RESOLVED, That the Sigma Alpha be instructed to write to all Chapters, assuring them that though our Federal Union has been dissolved, still the Circle of Zeta Psi Fraternity shall never be broken;
RESOLVED, That the bonds of Tau Kappa Phi which bind us to our Brothers in the North are as strong as they ever were.

Nor was the brotherhood among Zetes limited to mere words; the moving tale of Brother Henry Schwerin (Θ '63) illustrates the embodiment of love even in the most trying of circumstance. Schwerin lay gravely wounded after the bloody Battle of Chattanooga; pinned on the breast of his Union uniform was the badge of Zeta Psi. A passing Confederate soldier, also a Zete, spied the badge and carried the invalid to medical care and safety, ignoring even the imperatives of war for the sake of his brother. The worthy badge later passed into the hands of his brother, Max Schwerin (Θ '70), who would one day serve as international president. After his death, it was donated by his sister to the Fraternity's archives and remains among its treasures. Brother John Day Smith (Ε '72) witnessed the incident on the Chattanooga field, and later related it to Brother Francis Lawton (Ε '69), who would author the poem "The Badge of Zeta Psi," later set to original music and preserved to this day. The reference to "Chattanooga's bloody field" is not idle hyperbole, but the recollection of a rare triumph among such sorrows.

And amid this sorrow and heroism where so many brothers of Zeta Psi perished, so too were even whole chapters swallowed by the War. The Eta (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, chartered 1861), Psi Epsilon (Dartmouth), Upsilon (UNC), Epsilon (Brown), and Theta (Union) chapters had vanished by the end of the conflict, decimated by fallen brothers or disheartened campuses returning from the shadow of death. The Theta and Eta chapters would never survive the staggering losses they suffered, though the others ultimately recovered and reactivated. And the Gamma chapter—chartered 1861 at the Georgia Military Institute, the only new chapter during the War—was annihilated utterly by General Sherman's march, and existed thus only for those few years of tumult. But out of the shadow of war came regrowth and a time for Zeta Psi to expand once more.

1864 to 1914: Breaking new ground[edit]

The nation was still young indeed even after the end of the Civil War: California had only recently become a State, committing to the side of the victorious Union and contributing its men though the conflict took place mainly across the continent, thousands of miles away. It was then only fitting that to California the Fraternities should next have moved. Pioneers in many initiatives, Zeta Psi was the first fraternity west of the Mississippi river and hence also the first to establish a chapter on the West Coast: in 1870 it established the Iota chapter at the University of California, Berkeley. (Though the Iota chapter would not be joined until 1892 by the next Western addition, the Mu chapter at Stanford University).[8]

Nor was Zeta Psi content even to remain a national Fraternity, but also pressed northward into Canada. The brothers of the Xi chapter at the University of Michigan in 1879 constituted the Theta Xi chapter at the University of Toronto, to make Zeta Psi the first international Fraternity. Since then, Zeta Psi has actively bolstered its Canadian presence, commissioning a director solely for Canadian chapter development and amassing a long list of successful chapters there.

Zeta Psi house at Cornell

The end of the nineteenth century was fecund ground for Zeta Psi. It took root at no fewer than fourteen colleges in those latter days: Omega was founded at University of Chicago in 1864; Pi at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in 1865; Lambda at Bowdoin College, 1867; Beta at University of Virginia, 1868; Psi at Cornell University, 1868; Iota at UC Berkeley, 1870; Gamma, first at the US Naval Academy in 1874, and then at Syracuse College in 1875 after the government proscribed Fraternities at its military academies; Theta Xi at University of Toronto, 1879; Alpha at Columbia University, 1879; Alpha Psi at McGill University, 1883; Nu at Case Western Reserve, 1884; Eta at Yale, 1889; Mu at Stanford, 1892; Alpha Beta at University of Minnesota, 1899. The establishment of the Eta chapter at Yale had the result that Zeta Psi was the only fraternity to establish chapters at all eight Ivy-League schools.[8]

Even as the physical reach of Zeta Psi made great bounds, so too did the principles underlying its brotherhood. By the turn of the century, the need for some more centralized structure pressed as chapter after chapter was added to the Circle and their correspondence became too much to handle so chaotically. In 1909, an international publication concerning the affairs of Zetes was first published by Brother William Comstock (Ξ '99) and distributed among the several chapters: The Circle of Zeta Psi. The periodical, which is still published to this day, contained in that first issue the exhortation which has come to be known as "The Vision of Bill Comstock" for its prescience and wisdom:

We feel that the Fraternity, now that its individual chapters and memberships have grown so strong, is wasting its greatest possibility of strength and growth through the lack of a systematic central organization.

In short, Brother Comstock criticized the degree of individualism among the chapters of Zeta Psi, demanding unity among such disparate brothers. He prescribed that every member should receive the fledgling Circle of Zeta Psi, and thus be apprised of the far-flung doings of the fraternity; that a general secretary be commissioned to travel among the chapters and treat with them; and that a foundation be established for the pecuniary support of the general Fraternity. And all three of his mandates have been amply fulfilled: The Circle is still published and distributed to the brothers of Zeta Psi (and can be read online here); now the General Secretary is assisted in his rounds by chapter consultants, whose function remains the same; and the Zeta Psi Educational Foundation was to be instituted within Brother Comstock's lifetime, though still in the future. Before Zeta Psi could turn to such collegiate concerns, war again threatened, this time abroad.

1914 to 1920: The First World War[edit]

Though already inured to the horrors and trial that War would wreak upon her from the bloody Civil War, war in Europe came suddenly in the 1910s and caught a nation and Fraternity unawares. For some time, the United States did not commit troops to the battle, maintaining an isolationist stance protected. But Canada was a Dominion within Britain's Commonwealth, and when Great Britain entered the war, Canada willingly answered the call.

With the first Canadian chapter only founded at Toronto in 1879, her sister chapters were still young when war came to them. Particularly stricken were the Alpha Psi and Theta Xi chapters at McGill and U Toronto. Even in 1914, they were already sending letters indicating their brothers were heading east across the sea to the war. In 1915, more than half the workers at the McGill Base Hospital were Zetes from Alpha Psi. By war's end, the two beleaguered chapters had sent two hundred of the brothers in defense of King and Country; 31 were never to return and many others came home wounded in body and spirit.

Perhaps most noted among the rolls of the brave Canadian brethren who went overseas is Lt. Col. Brother Dr. John McCrae (Θ Ξ '94), a serviceman in the Canadian army, who like so many other men did not return at the close of conflict. But Brother McCrae bequeathed to his fraternity more than even his worthy life, but also a poem which has been preserved in great honor as both a historical and literary work: "In Flanders Fields." The words are a testament to the heroic spirit in man and are treasured still by the brethren of Zeta Psi as the hallowed words of a brother whose time long ago passed. The 19-year-old engineering student from McGill, brother Frederick Fisher was the first Canadian to win the Victoria Cross in the war, the highest British award for valour, for his determined stand at the Second Battle of Ypres. Like so many who win this medal, the award was posthumous.

Finally in 1917, America entered the war, and with their country, so too did the many Zetes who called that land their home. At the annual convention of Zeta Psi, the brothers adopted a resolution in support of the war—which the United States Congress had itself only declared a few weeks previously—:

WHEREAS, The United States of America has been forced into the World War in defense of its national honor and for the protection of international justice and democracy;
BE IT RESOLVED, That the Zeta Psi Fraternity of North America, at the Seventieth Annual Convention assembled at Raleigh, North Carolina, hereby pledges to the President and Congress of the United States of America its unqualified support of whatever war measures the Government may deem necessary and expedient, and places at the disposal of the Government its national organization, its Chapters, and its individual members, for service in whatever capacities the government may direct.

Nor was the pledge mere idle words nor fatuous boasting. Over one-quarter of all brethren of Zeta Psi would serve during the First World War in foreign lands, and many did not return. Zeta Psi also provided the nation its first Assistant Secretary of War, Brother Benedict Crowell (Η '91), noted for his bold reorganization of civilian military control during World War I. Even after the war, Crowell remained politically powerful, and was later instrumental in engineering the repeal of National Prohibition.[citation needed]

Regalia and symbols[edit]


The official colors of the fraternity are white and gold,[9][10] the unofficial secondary color is black.


The fraternity flower is the white carnation.[9][10]


The flag of the Zeta Psi is a white field with the letters Zeta and Psi or the words Zeta Psi written in the center in gold, piped in black.

Pledge Pin[edit]

The Zeta Psi pledge pin is a white circle with a narrow gold outline.[10]


The badge of Zeta Psi consists of "a gold pin formed of the Greek letters Zeta and Psi and there shall be engraved upon it the letters O and A." The arms of the psi are also engraved, with a Roman fasces upon the right and a star upon the left. The badge is set with seven stones (usually pearl or jet) along each of the bars of the zeta, for a total of twenty-one.[9]>[10]

Patron Saints[edit]

Each chapter of Zeta Psi chooses at its founding a patron saint to represent the chapter. There is no particular criteria for a chapter patron saint, other than the chosen figure must have some historical significance either to the chapter or the chapter's respective locality.[11] The patron saints are as follows:


Directory of the Zeta Psi Fraternity[edit]

First published in 1859, with two later editions in 1867 and 1883, the Catalogue of the Zeta Psi Fraternity contained names of members of the Fraternity arranged by chapters and years of initiation. In 1874, the Addenda to the Catalogue of the Zeta Psi Fraternity 1867-1874 was published to complement the 1867 edition of the Catalogue of the Zeta Psi Fraternity.[12][13] In 1888, the title was changed to the Directory of the Zeta Psi Fraternity and contact information was added for members of the Fraternity. Later editions of The Directory were produced in 1889, 1893, 1910, 1912, 1913, 1916, 1922, 1926, 1932, 1953, 1987, 1992, and 1998. Notably in 1899, the Semicentennial Biographical Catalogue of the Zeta Psi Fraternity of North America was published. This volume contained biographies of over 4000 members of Zeta Psi from 1847 to 1900 and historical information about each chapter. The Directory continues to be published on a regular basis and the modern version is a useful networking tool for members of the Zeta Psi Fraternity.[10][12][13][14]

Songs of the Zeta Psi Fraternity[edit]

First published in 1871, by undergraduate members of the Psi chapter at Cornell University, Songs of the Zeta Psi Fraternity contains a collection of songs about the Zeta Psi Fraternity. Later editions appeared in 1890, 1897, 1903, 1914, and 1958. The Chapter, a brief compilation of poems, was also written by members of the Zeta Psi Fraternity in 1869.[12][13][15]

The Jubilee of the Zeta Psi Fraternity of North America[edit]

Published in 1903, The Jubilee of the Zeta Psi Fraternity of North America is a record of the fiftieth anniversary of the Zeta Psi Fraternity. Likewise, The Double Diamond Jubilee of the Zeta Psi Fraternity of North America published in 1997 was an account of the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the Zeta Psi Fraternity, made to complement The Story of Zeta Psi. Both volumes include historical information on the fraternity and its chapters.[13][14][16]

The Circle[edit]

First published in June 1909, The Circle is the annual publication of the fraternity. The corresponding secretary has the duty of filing a report for The Circle every year. The Circle was preceded by other periodic publications that were unsuccessful. These publications were "The Zeta Psi Monthly" published in 1883; "The Zeta Psi Quarterly" published from 1884 to 1886; and "The Bulletin of the Zeta Psi Fraternity of North America" first published in 1897.[10][12][13]

The Story of Zeta Psi[edit]

Published in 1928, with two later editions, The Story of Zeta Psi contains the detailed history of the fraternity and each chapter founded up to the point of publication.

Pledge Manual of the Zeta Psi Fraternity of North America[edit]

The first published in 1942, the Pledge Manual of the Zeta Psi Fraternity of North America remains in publication and is a crucial source of information for men pledging the Zeta Psi Fraternity.[14]

Famous members[edit]

Main article: List of Zeta Psi brothers


Main article: List of Zeta Psi chapters

Zeta Psi, like all conventional university fraternities, operates as chapters at various campuses across North America and the world. Zeta Psi has chapters in five countries: Canada, the United States, England, Ireland, and France. Its chapter in Scotland is dormant.

Active chapters[edit]

The active chapter is the core of the Zeta Psi experience.

Chapter governance[edit]

Zeta Psi is modeled after most modern democracies in that they have legislative, judicial, and executive branches of governance.[citation needed]

Chapter meeting[edit]

Each chapter meeting with due quorum has the authority to act as the legislative organ of the chapter. Most chapters run their meetings with parliamentary rules of order.

Supreme Council[edit]

The Supreme Council is the chapter's only judicial body. It has authority to rule on almost any matter and its proceedings are held in camera. It is composed of the Phi and Alpha Phi and at least three elected members-at-large.


Each chapter in Zeta Psi has a unique name comprised of one or two Greek letters. Rather than being assigned a name in a strict order of alphabetization, a petitioning colony that receives a charter chooses a name for their chapter. From this point on, the name is fixed. Even if the chapter goes inactive—in that it has no undergraduate members—the name will be taken up by any group that re-establishes a chapter at that university campus.

The name can be based on many different factors. For instance, it is common for new chapters to take on an element from an existing chapter that has helped them form. Theta Xi in Toronto adopted the Xi from their neighbor chapter in Michigan, and in turn chapters in Ontario started adding "Theta" as part of their name from their relationship to the Toronto chapter. There are now many chapters in Ontario and there is no pre-requisite to have a Theta in the name. Other times, a name is related to other factors like the Roman Catholic Villanova University chapter being named Alpha Omega due to the Christian significance.

A one or two-letter name can only be re-used if the chapter possessing the name is pronounced "deceased." This has not happened since 1892.

Elder chapters[edit]

For each undergraduate chapter at a campus, there is a corresponding elder chapter composed of alumni members.

Chapter governance[edit]

An elder chapter has a similar organizational structure to the active chapter, with Greek-letter officers and a supreme council.

Greek-letter officers[edit]

There are only six Greek-letter officers in the elder chapter that act as its executive.

Chapter meeting[edit]

Elder chapters are also required to hold annual chapter meetings to serve as a legislative body.

Supreme Council[edit]

The Supreme Council is the chapter's only judicial body. It has authority to rule on almost any matter and its proceedings. It may hear appeals and rule on matters from the active supreme council. It is composed of all the elder officers and at least three elected members-at-large.


The elder chapter has the same name as the active chapter but has different organization, powers, and is legally a separate entity.

Geographical associations[edit]

Geographical associations are similar to elder chapters, in that they are composed of alumni and have a vote at Grand Chapter. However, they are larger in scope and have no active affiliation. Geographical associations mostly base their membership on alumni living in a metropolitan area.

Active geographical associations (as of 2006)

  • Zeta Psi Washington, D.C. Elders Association
  • Zeta Psi New York City Elders Association
  • Philly Zete RAC
  • Zeta Psi Chicago Alumni Club
  • Zeta Psi Boston Alumni Club
  • Zeta Psi Arizona Alumni Club
  • Zeta Psi Dallas Alumni Club
  • Houston Association of Zeta Psi
  • Southern California Association of Zeta Psi Alumni
  • Zeta Psi Alumni Association of Greater Pittsburgh
  • Zeta Psi Elders Association of Durham
  • Zeta Psi Elders Association of Toronto
  • Zeta Psi Alumni of Cleveland
  • Zeta Psi of Texas

Grand Chapter[edit]

The Grand Chapter is composed of the seven grand officers and one voting delegate from each active and elder chapter and geographical association. The Grand Chapter has complete and total authority over Zeta Psi.

Chapter governance[edit]

The Grand Chapter has a similar organizational structure to the active chapter, with Greek-letter officers but with an executive committee in place of a supreme council.

Greek-letter officers[edit]

Grand Chapter has the same number and function of Greek-letter officers however, the name has an additional "alpha" to denote it as different. At one point in time, there were several appointed officers each designated Chi Phi Alpha (ΧΦΑ) of a particular area (e.g. Canada, or the Northwest United States) which served as geographical representatives to the Grand Chapter.

Annual meeting of the Board of Delegates[edit]

The Board of Delegates elects the Grand Chapter officers and may amend the by-laws and act as the legislative body of the Grand Chapter.

Executive committee[edit]

The executive committee is constituted as follows: "Phi Alpha, Alpha Phi Alpha, Sigma Alpha, Gamma Alpha, Delta Alpha, and six representatives duly elected at large from the Fraternity for one year terms." In addition one member, but no more than two, must be members of an active chapter.

Zeta Psi in popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^Baird, William Raimond. Baird's Manual of American College Fraternities. G. Banta Company. p. 345.. Baird's Manual is also available online here: The Baird's Manual Online Archive homepage.
  2. ^The Cyclopedia of Fraternities. New York: Hamilton Printing and Publishing Company. 1899. p. 357.
  3. ^Baird's Manual of American College Fraternities. New York: James T. Brown. 1920. pp. 397–403.
  4. ^Baird's Manual of American College Fraternities. New York: James T. Brown. 1920. p. 400.
  5. ^Baird's Manual of American College Fraternities. New York: James T. Brown. 1920. p. 398.
  6. ^ abBaird's Manual of American College Fraternities. New York: James T. Brown. 1920. p. 397.
  7. ^Baird's Manual of American College Fraternities. New York: James T. Brown. 1920. pp. 397–399.
  8. ^ abBaird's Manual of American College Fraternities. New York: James T. Brown. 1920. pp. 398–400.
  9. ^ abcBaird's Manual of American College Fraternities. New York: James T. Brown. 1920. p. 402.
  10. ^ abcdefDirectory of the Zeta Psi Fraternity of North America. New York: Trustees of the Zeta Psi Fraternity. 1926. pp. v, l–liii.
  11. ^The Story of Zeta Psi. New York: Trustees of the Zeta Psi Fraternity. 1928. p. 695.
  12. ^ abcdSemicentennial Biographical Catalogue of the Zeta Psi Fraternity of North America. New York: Zeta Psi. December 1899. pp. 913–914.
  13. ^ abcdeBaird's Manual of American College Fraternities. New York: James T. Brown. 1920. p. 401.. Baird's Manual is also available online here: The Baird's Manual Online Archive homepage.
  14. ^ abcZeta Psi Fraternity of North America: Double Diamond Jubilee. Paducah, KY: Turner Publishing Company. 1997.
  15. ^The Chapter. New York: W. C. Rogers &. Co. Stationers and Printers. 1869. pp. 2–3.
  16. ^The Jubilee of the Zeta Psi Fraternity of North America. New York: Zeta Psi. 1903.
  17. ^Berman, Steve. Second Thoughts: More Queer and Weird Stories. Lethe Press. ISBN . Retrieved 18 April 2021.

External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zeta_Psi
As We Tread the Pathway High: The History of Zeta Psi

I didn't even expect such idiocy from myself. For some reason this thought made me laugh and I went home whistling. Chris was going to spend another weekend outside the city.

Now discussing:

All this splendor is crowned by a young pretty face, with regular features, framed by a cascade of golden hair shimmering in the light of the. Sunset, among which a white, possibly silver, butterfly-shaped hairpin plays with highlights. -Z-hello. - a little confused, I answer.

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