Am I eligible to receive benefits?
You must be unemployed through no fault of your own, and you must have earned sufficient wages in your base period (the first 4 of the last 5 completed calendar quarters before the start date of your claim). Also, you must be able and available for full-time work.
How do I apply for benefits in Texas?
You can apply online or over the phone by contacting 1-800-939-6631.
How much will I receive?
The amount you receive will depend on your base period wages. The minimum weekly benefit is $69 and the maximum is $521. The Unemployment Benefits Estimator can be used to estimate weekly benefits.
How long will I receive these benefits?
The length of time that you will receive benefits is also based on how much you made during the base period, but not more than 26 weeks.
After I start receiving benefits, what do I have to do to remain eligible?
You must continue to file weekly,and you must respond when contacted by the Texas Workforce Commission. You must register as a job seeker within three business days of applying for benefits on WorkInTexas.com or at a Texas Workforce Solutions office. Also, you must continue to be able and available for full-time work. You must actively seek employment, while keeping a record of your work search activities using the Work Search Log. Finally, you must accept suitable work, and this includes considering jobs that pay 75% of your normal wage by your 8th week of unemployment.
I was turned down for benefits. How do I appeal this decision?
An appeal must be filed in writing, and it must be submitted within 14 calendar days from the date the decision was mailed to you. Your appeal can be submitted in person at the nearest Workforce Solutions office, or you can mail or fax your letter to the appeals department (the contact information will be on your determination letter. You can also submit your appeal online. Also, you must keep filing your weekly claims regularly because you will only be paid for weeks you filed if you win your appeal.
For more information on Texas’ unemployment insurance laws:
Visit the State of Texas Website
Read the Claimant Handbook
Workforce Solutions can show you how to file for Unemployment Insurance (UI), but it's the Texas Workforce Commission (TWC) in Austin that handles your claim or benefits. This page will show you how to contact TWC to file a claim, check the status of a claim and your benefits, and more.
COVID-19 Note: We apologize for any difficulty you may have getting through to submit a claim. The Texas Workforce Commission is experiencing an unprecedented number of claims and is making continual changes to keep up with the current demand by adding more staff and increasing both phone lines and computer server capacity.
The best way to apply is online at ui.texasworkforce.org. You will experience fewer delays on the web application during the overnight hours, especially midnight to 5 am.
Effective Monday, April 13, 2020, Tele-Center hours have been expanded to 7 am to 7 pm daily including Sundays.
TWC encourages you to continue trying.
Effective November 1, 2020, TWC is resuming work search requirements for individuals receiving unemployment insurance (UI).
How to File a New Claim
In order to qualify for Unemployment Insurance, an individual should be separated from their job through no fault of their own, be available for work, and be actively seeking work.
To apply for benefits, you will need:
- Last employer's business name and address
- First and last dates (month, day and year) you worked for your last employer
- Number of hours worked and pay rate if you worked this week (including Sunday)
- Information related to your normal wage
- Alien Registration Number (if not a citizen or national)
Note: If this is your first unemployment claim, you do not need to already have a PIN or reset your PIN before you apply. You will set up your PIN during the application process.
The fastest and easiest way to apply for your Unemployment Insurance (UI) benefits is online with the Texas Workforce Commission (TWC). You can file anytime, day or night. If you're eligible, expect your claim to begin the Sunday of the week you submit your application.
To apply, click on Unemployment Insurance. You will find instructions and applications in both English and Spanish.
The UI Web site is user-friendly and has an online glossary, a frequently asked questions page, and information in both English and Spanish. After filing your application, WorkInTexas.com - the state's job bank - automatically launches to give you the added convenience of beginning your job search immediately.
You must be registered in WorkInTexas.com, so remember to take the time and completely fill out the online job application and resume. The more information you provide, the easier it will be for you to find a good job quickly!
The TWC online UI benefits application is for regular, initial claims only.
If you don't have computer access or you decide to file by phone, you can call a UI Tele-Center toll free at 1-800-939-6631.
There are apps advertising they assist with the unemployment process; however, these are not official TWC channels and will not establish an unemployment claim. TWC will NOT process or accept any applications for UI benefits from third-party sources.
TWC is experiencing a lower volume for online applications between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. You may want to try back during those hours to file your claim or check the status of your claim.
How to Request a Payment
If you have an active UI claim, you can request a benefits payment by phone or online. You will need:
- Your earnings amount for each week (if applicable)
- Your work search activities for each week
To Request Unemployment Benefits Payments Online: Log on to Unemployment Benefits Services. To Request a Payment by Phone: After your unemployment claim is on file, call Tele-Serv toll free at 1-800-558-8321.
- WHEN TO CALL: Sunday 8 a.m. - 6 p.m. and Monday - Wednesday 7 a.m. - 6 p.m.
- If you miss your assigned day, call Thursday or Friday 7 a.m. - 6 p.m.
Individuals needing telecommunications devices for the deaf (TDD) can communicate with TWC-UI offices by using Relay Texas. Those numbers are 1-800-735-2989 (TDD) or 1-800-735-2988 (Voice)
Don't wait for a determination to request your payment. You should request payment one to two weeks after you first apply for benefits and every two weeks after that. You can find the date you are scheduled to request payment on your Unemployment Benefits Services (UBS) account or by calling Tele-Serv.
How to Manage and Review Your Claim
- Review status of claim and payments.
Online - You can check the status of your claim and payments on the Internet. Log on to Claim and Payment Status and review the last payment or a history of payments on your claim.
Over the Phone - You can hear the status of your claim and payments by calling Tele-Serv at 1-800-558-8321 and selecting option 2.
- Reset PIN.
Online - If you forget your password or User , the Logon page has quick links for you to retrieve your User or reset your password. To reset your password, you will need to answer security questions that you set up when you created your User . Keep your answers to the security questions private, just like your password.
Over the Phone - You can reset your PIN by calling Tele-Serv at 1-800-558-8321 and providing personal information from your claim, such as your date of birth, Texas driver license or number, telephone number, amount of your last benefit payment, or part of your bank/credit union account number. You must be able to provide the requested information to reset your using Tele-Serv. If you are unable to provide it, you may either call back when you have the information or call a Tele-Center at 800-939-6631 to speak with a customer service representative.
- Change Address.
You can change your UI address using the Internet. Log on to Payment Request and click on the "Change Address" option.
- Get answers to questions (benefits, eligibility, appeals).
Many questions about filing for benefits, qualifying requirements, appeals, and eligibility can be answered by reading the Unemployment Insurance Benefits Handbook (PDF) and the UI information available on the Internet.
- Call during off-peak times. If none of these resources answer your questions, continue calling the TWC UI Tele-Serv at 1-800-558-8321. The best time to call is the end of the week. Tele-Center lines are busier early in the week.
COVID-19 Specific Resources
Note: All information regarding Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) is subject to change at any time due to the changing nature of the pandemic. Please revisit this section regularly for updates.
Effective November 1, 2020, TWC is resuming work search requirements for individuals receiving unemployment insurance (UI).
Effective June 30, 2020, TWC pauses reinstatement of work search requirements for individuals receiving unemployment insurance (UI).
TWC announces that Texas has triggered an Extension Period for Unemployment Benefits.
TWC announces that State Unemployment Benefits continue but $600 Federal Payment Ends July 25.
- TWC COVID-19 Resources for Job Seekers
- Return to Work: TWC offers guidance to unemployment claimants concerning how a refusal to accept rehire may impact their continued eligibility for unemployment benefits. June 22, 2020, TWC provides acceptable reasons for work refusal.
Caution Regarding Fraudulent Calls: TWC advises those applying for Unemployment Insurance benefits that individuals misrepresenting may capitalize on the uncertainty surrounding COVID-19 and attempt to secure sensitive, personal information through deceit.
If your employment has been affected by the coronavirus (COVID-19), you may apply for UI benefits. will investigate why you lost your job or why your hours were reduced and mail a decision explaining whether you are eligible for unemployment benefits.
What you need to know about the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act
If you are self-employed, a contract worker, or previously worked in a position that did not report wages, you may qualify for unemployment. If you applied for unemployment benefits but lacked the necessary wages to qualify, no action is needed. TWC will determine if you qualify under the new stimulus bill and notify you by mail or electronic correspondence of your eligibility.
encourages those who have not yet applied for Pandemic Unemployment Assistance () as a result of COVID-19 to apply now. When applying, individuals affected by the pandemic should indicate that as the reason they lost their job. Pandemic Unemployment Assistance provides up to 39 weeks of unemployment benefits for persons impacted by COVID-19 and covers individuals who are self-employed, who otherwise would not qualify for regular unemployment compensation, or who have exhausted state benefits.
Unemployment guidance for self-employed, contract, and gig workers: advises self-employed, contract, and gig workers who have lost work due to the COVID-19 pandemic to apply for Pandemic Unemployment Assistance ().
Unemployment Insurance Benefits Extensions: no action is needed by those claimants who may have recently exhausted, or will soon exhaust, their Unemployment Insurance (). will determine if you qualify for additional benefits under any of the pandemic unemployment programs and notify you by mail or electronic correspondence. We encourage you to make sure your address and email are up to date with so that we can reach you.
FAQ's for Laid-off Teachers and other Education Employees
- TWC COVID-19 Resources for Employers
"How To" Guides
All files listed in this section require Adobe Reader unless noted otherwise.
School Meals for Children of UI Claimants
The National School Lunch and School Breakfast Programs provide school meals to all children. These nutrition programs are a much needed resource to families facing unemployment due to the current economic situation. To see if your children are eligible to receive free or reduced price meals under these programs, check School Meals Income Guidelines.
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Texas Is Underfunding Unemployment To Keep Business Taxes Low. Now It Owes $7 Billion And Counting.
Texas leaders had long known they weren’t charging businesses enough unemployment insurance tax to ride out a deep, job-killing recession like the one last year.
The state was slammed with two years worth of unemployment claims in the first two months of the COVID-19 pandemic. The surge quickly drained the state’s Unemployment Insurance Trust Fund.
The federal government bailed out Texas and 22 other states. The feds footed some amount of the bill for out-of-work Texans in 10 of the past 18 months, at a cost of $7 billion.
The funding was not a gift. It was a loan to pay the 9.5 million worker claims that had been filed since last March. And now the interest is starting to build up, and Texas will begin paying it back.
State officials expect to make the first payment — as much as $12.6 million — by Sept. 30.
To cover the debt, taxes on businesses will likely go up for years. The state has until next November until automatic hikes from the federal government kick in. It will likely sell government backed bonds to avoid it.
Interest on these loans from the U.S. Treasury program Title XII — authorized by Title XII of the Social Security Act of 1935 — was suspended through much of the pandemic. But that changed on Labor Day, when the floating rate of 2.27% started to accrue. It's not yet clear if taxpayers or businesses — or both — will feel the real cost of chronic underfunding.
But Texas may not make it through September without taking out more Title XII loans.
“[The Texas Workforce Commission, or TWC] anticipates it could start borrowing again in September,” said James Bernsen, a spokesman for the agency in June.
The state was able to cover its own unemployment claims and stop taking federal dollars in April 2021 due to the recovery, but because the interest is coming due, it is now trying to reduce its September tax burden.
“We will also more than likely begin drawing Title XII again once all available cash is used to lower the Title XII balance,” Bernsen explained in an email this week.
Texas, in effect, is paying down its credit card balance (Title XII) to lower its payment for the month, but it will need to use the federal credit card later in the month. The move suggests it will act quickly to clear the Title XII balance in one way or another.
And It Isn’t Just Texas
A 2020 analysis by the U.S. Department of Labor placed the Lone Star state 50th out of 53 states and districts in terms of unemployment funding. It was far below Puerto Rico and slightly ahead of New York, California and the Virgin Islands.
The federal government will begin charging Texas and 12 other states and districts interest next week on more than $54 billion in remaining loans taken out to pay unemployment insurance through the pandemic.
“This is red and blue, both. California, Texas, New York, they underfund the UI funds,” said William Glasgall, senior vice president of state and local initiatives at the Volcker Alliance, a nonprofit focused on government fiscal practices. “They'll keep money in there for a normal-type recession. Because there's no stigma, and really no penalty involved in running a very lean operation.”
Texas sits third behind New York’s $9 billion and California’s $23 billion when calculating which states drew the most money from the Treasury.
The taxes that fund unemployment insurance (UI) are collected mostly from businesses in the spring. The state’s unemployment rate has improved, dropping to 6.2% in July — less than half its pandemic height — but it’s still almost three points higher than it was prior to the beginning of the coronavirus pandemic. And indications are the recent COVID surge is slowing hiring, calling into question future Title XII loans.
The state — like many others — saw soaring unemployment rates last spring because of the pandemic, with the state unemployment rates climbing to nearly 13%. The state quickly burned through the $2 billion it collected in its Unemployment Trust Fund.
When asked why it's only collecting about a third of what the federal government thinks it should, TWC said it was up to the legislature to set the minimum and maximum collected.
The state actually collects less money now for the unemployed than it did last year. The TWC reduced the rate going towards the UI Trust Fund so it could start saving to pay off the debt from underfunding it.
“Absent today’s Commission action, most Texas employers would have seen significant increases in their tax obligation for 2021,” said the TWC in a June press release.
The Texas legislature also reduced the amount businesses would have had to pay in unemployment taxes this year.
Since unemployment taxes for a business are based on how many people it let go the previous year, a very large bill was coming for most. Legislators and the TWC felt that would have been a huge burden for businesses at a fragile time in the recovery.
House Bill 7 changed how those bills are calculated. It gave an exemption to employers if there was a disaster declaration in effect for more than 50% of the state.
“No significant fiscal implication to the State is anticipated,” read the HB 7 fiscal note. “However, the Unemployment Trust Fund Account, held outside the State Treasury, would incur an estimated deficit of $5.4 billion for tax years 2021 and 2022.”
Many members of the business community, struggling to stay afloat, celebrated the changes.
“Right now, the most important thing is to have every possible policy directed at getting people back to work,” said Glenn Hamer, president of the Texas Association of Business. “And business taxes play a role in how many people are going to be in our labor force.”
Wayne Vroman, an economist and senior researcher the Urban Institute, said that argument — the one where the money is better off in the employer's hands rather than the trust fund — is also the one that kept Texas’ unemployment trust underfunded to begin with.
“That assertion has never really been tested by the economics profession to know if it's an argument that holds water or not,” Vroman said.
He added that Texas is unique in its dedication to that philosophy. “No other state has been as ardent on that idea,” he said.
Furthermore, unemployment insurance nationally isn't a huge expense for employers, at about six tenths of a percent of payroll. Many other payroll items like Social Security far exceed it.
“So unemployment insurance is a cost. But it's not a huge cost. And in a state like Texas, which has a low share of the unemployed who collect benefits, the costs are even below the national average,” he said.
Either way, the $7 billion bill — born of an underinvested unemployment system — comes due.
Businesses will still pay the cost, and now it will be higher with interest and other fees going to service debt, instead of going towards the unemployed, which is in-turn perpetuating the underfunding.
Texas began borrowing from the U.S. Treasury in June, taking out $1.3 billion in a single month. The state will owe 2.27% in interest on $6.9 billion. If those figures remain the same, the state will owe a minimum payment of $12.6 million at the end of September 2021. TWC estimates they will reduce the balance enough with current UI Trust funds to only have to pay around $10 million.
And if Texas has an outstanding debt in November 2022, the federal government will effectively raise taxes across the board on businesses through an automatic reduction in the Federal Unemployment Insurance Tax credits. That rise goes up exponentially each proceeding year they have a debt balance with the Treasury.
An ongoing recession is not the best time to raise taxes, but it is a situation of Texas’ own making in many ways. Twenty-eight other states went through the pandemic and paid unemployed residents without turning to the federal government’s Title XII program.
So what does Texas do now? Below are a couple of options.
First, Texas could use money from the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act, the $2 trillion pot of money passed in March 2020. CARES money by and large couldn’t be used to pay off debt. But it did have a $150 billion fund called the Coronavirus Relief Fund for state, local, and tribal governments that could be used on workforce development and to shore up unemployment trust funds.
The Associated Press reported in May that 29 states said they may tap the fund to shore up their UI Trust funds. It isn’t clear if any of the 22 states that took Title XII loans used this fund to repay the Treasury.
According to the Urban Institute, 20 states already used $6 billion from the fund for workforce development and unemployment as of June. It wasn’t clear if any of it was used to pay back Title XII debt.
“I expect that Texas is going to seriously explore that,” Vroman explained.
Texas got about $8 billion from the Coronavirus Relief Fund. None of it went to TWC, staffers said, and it wasn’t currently clear if it will be used to pay back any Title XII debt.
Using federal relief dollars paid for by all taxpayers to shore up UI Trust funds that by law are paid by business owners would mean that taxpayers were bailing out businesses.
It could also set a negative precedent. States like Oregon or Vermont seeing California and Texas pay down their debt with free money may wonder why they bothered. “Because if they thought they were going to get free money, when their trust funds went broke, they might be less vigilant about building their trust funds,” Vroman added.
And do Vermont cheesemakers or Oregon fisherman want to be bailing out Texas when they are already paying seven times what Texas business owners are into their state’s trusts?
Ultimately, the precedent could cause other states to underfund their unemployment trusts expecting more free federal bailout dollars. That would further shift the burden of unemployment insurance taxes onto everyday taxpayers from business owners.
Issue Government Bonds
This is not the first recession, nor is it the first time that Texas has needed to pay its unemployed residents with federal dollars. Twice before, Texas has taken out Title XII loans. And twice before, it has issued bonds to pay them back. The last time, during the Great Recession of 2008, the TWC issued bonds for $1.9 billion and paid them back between 2011 and 2017.
Unlike either of these two times, the federal government was not offering up money that could be used to pay itself back, as is the situation to some extent now.
According to a report from the Urban Institute, the state ended up taking longer to pay off the debt than if it had let federal taxes ratchet up under Title XII. That said, they were able to keep yearly payments lower and — because government-backed bonds are in such demand that the state could sell them at a premium — the state saved money this way rather than allowing a federal collection.
Government-backed bonds are still very much in demand, and if/when states sell them again for this purpose, they will likely be able to sell at a premium. But it isn’t clear if they will save money.
For one, Texas owes a lot more this time.
In 2010, the state sold $1.9 billion in bonds to cover its Title XII debt. Now, the state owes more than 3.5 times that amount. The TWC hasn’t determined if it will go this route yet.
“I think it's kinda premature to kinda make that decision, until you know where the —you know, where the field is after everything, all the dust settles,” said Chris Nelson, head of TWC finance, in a commission meeting earlier this year.
Issuing municipal bonds is highly technical and has fees attached. Many other state unemployment departments avoided issuing them for these reasons. Texas had experience issuing them after the 2000 dot-com-bust recession, and, according to a survey, this emboldened them to take the plunge.
Another reason Texas chose to issue bonds was because they had more control over how it was paid back. Under the federal government mandated scheme, taxes go up across the board. Under a bond, they can target companies who laid off the most people — i.e., companies whose employees used the unemployment system the most — to bear more of the burden. They did this with their bonds after the Great Recession.
The state — in an effort to boost employer funding— has left itself in a financial hole, owing billions to the federal government. What it does next will set precedent for future recessions, and it's very likely Texas will continue to underfund its unemployment system to pay down debt.
Meanwhile, state officials and elected leaders will cross their fingers that another large recession doesn’t hit the state.
An old fret was rushing out of town, beer, vodka, meat were bought in a roadside store, greens were bought from grandmothers. A small lake, a clearing by the water, closed from view by slender birches. On a forest road, I had to get out of the car twice, the guys pushed the car out of the ditches. They took out a table from the trunk, folding chairs with backs, set up a small tent, while the guys were making a.
Fire, the guys poured vodka, I refused, then they poured me beer.
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Having rented a hotel room, we wandered along the narrow old streets and admired the architectural monuments. I was wearing a miniature top that barely covered my breasts and short white shorts. During our trip, I managed to get tanned, and you were pleased to note that the men passing by were furtively casting glances at me. Still would. My legs could drive anyone crazy.Fraudulent unemployment claims spike in Texas - KVUE
When I started to finish, I almost lost consciousness. I was scared that my heart would suddenly stop and I would immediately die of happiness. Edka, too, trembled all over, growled, squeezed me with an iron grip and poured out into me with a cry, as a man usually pours out his seed into his. Beloved woman, into his wife. And then I realized that I also became (or became) at that moment Edik's wife.
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He leans forward. - Yes, yes, my dear, I bend over and kiss on the lips. On the palm of your hand the remains of the cream, so I easily slide over his penis.