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Indian streaming service operated by Star India

Hotstar (also known as Disney+ Hotstar[b]) is an Indian brand of subscription video on-demandover-the-topstreaming service owned by Star India and operated by Disney Media and Entertainment Distribution, both a division of The Walt Disney Company.

The brand was first introduced as Hotstar, for a streaming service carrying content from Star India's local networks, including films, television series, live sports, and original programming, as well as featuring content licensed from third-parties such as HBO and Showtime among others. Amid the significant growth of mobile broadband in India, Hotstar quickly became the dominant streaming service in the country.

Following the acquisition of Star India's parent company 21st Century Fox by Disney in 2019, Hotstar was integrated with the company's new global streaming brand Disney+ as Disney+ Hotstar in April 2020. The co-branded service added Disney+ original programming, and films and television series from its main content brands of Walt Disney Studios, Pixar, Marvel Studios, Lucasfilm, and National Geographic alongside the domestic and third-party content already carried on the platform.

Outside of India, the Disney+ Hotstar service also operates in Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand, which similarly combines entertainment content licensed from local, third-party studios, with the larger Disney+ library. Disney+ Hotstar is also expected to launch in the Philippines in 2022. In Canada, Singapore, the United Kingdom, and the United States, Hotstar operates as a streaming service targeting overseas Indians, focusing on Star India's domestic entertainment and sports content; Disney+ operates as a standalone service in these markets.


First Hotstar logo from 2015 until 2020.

Star India officially launched Hotstar on 11 February 2015 after fifteen months of development, coinciding with the 2015 Cricket World Cup and upcoming 2015 Indian Premier League (for which Star had acquired the streaming rights). The ad-supported service initially featured a library of over 35,000 hours of content in seven regional languages, as well as live streaming coverage of sports such as football and kabaddi, and cricket on a delay. Star CEO Sanjay Gupta felt that there "[weren't] many platforms available to Indian consumers offering high-quality, curated content besides, say, YouTube", and explained that the service would appeal most prominently to the growing young adult demographic, and feature "very targeted" advertising. He estimated that by 2020, the service could account for nearly a quarter of Star's annual revenue.[3][4]

In April 2016, Hotstar launched a subscription tier primarily oriented towards international content and the possibility of premium sports content. The service launched alongside a new deal to carry HBO content uncut on the platform, with its introduction coinciding with the season 6premiere of Game of Thrones.[5]

The 2016 launch of the LTE-only wireless carrier Jio spurred the growth of mobile broadband in India, and was credited in turn for having bolstered the growth of streaming video in the country. While services of US origin such as Amazon Prime Video and Netflix saw some growth in the Indian market, Hotstar has remained the dominant streaming service.[6] By July 2017, Hotstar's apps had reached 300 million downloads, and it was reported as being the top video streaming app in the country.[7][8]

In May 2018, it was reported that the service had 75–100 million active users per-month.[9] In September 2018, Hotstar CEO Ajit Mohan left to become the vice-president and managing director of Facebook India.[10] That month, it was reported that the service had begun to restructure its leadership to have separate executives for its ad-supported and premium services, and, aided by new funding from Star US Holdings, planned to increase its production of premium original content to better-compete with Amazon and Netflix, amidst concerns that the service was beginning to haemorrhage cash.[11]

By 2019, the service had over 150 million active users monthly. In March 2019, ahead of the 2019 Indian Premier League, Hotstar migrated existing subscribers of its All Annual Sports plan to a new entry-level plan known as Hotstar VIP. Intended as an introductory option, it includes access to sports content (including the IPL, 2019 Cricket World Cup, and English Premier League football), early access to serials before their television broadcast, and original series from the new Hotstar Specials banner. It is also payable via cash. Chief product officer Varun Narang described the offering as "a value proposition built with the Indian audience at the heart of it".[12]

Acquisition by Disney, integration with Disney+[edit]

Star, and in turn Hotstar, were acquired by The Walt Disney Company in 2019, as part of its acquisition of their US parent company21st Century Fox.[13][14]

During a February 2020 earnings call, Iger announced that its recently launched international streaming brand Disney+ and its original programming would be integrated into Hotstar as part of a re-launch on 29 March 2020. Iger stated that the service's launch,—originally scheduled to coincide with the opening of the 2020 Indian Premier League, would take advantage of Hotstar's "proven platform" and existing customer base. The Motley Fool described Hotstar as being Disney's "secret weapon" in the market, due to its already-dominant position.[15][13][14]

Hotstar began to soft launch the expanded service for some users in March. On 20 March 2020, in recognition of the COVID-19 pandemic and associated postponement of the IPL season, Disney announced that it had postponed the launch to 3 April.[16][17] The service officially launched with a "virtual red carpet premiere" of The Lion King and Disney+ series The Mandalorian, featuring actors Rana Daggubati, Katrina Kaif, Shraddha Kapoor, Hrithik Roshan, and Tiger Shroff participating in live interactions.[18] The price of the Hotstar Premium service was also increased with the launch.[19]

On 2 May, Star announced that it would distribute the service for free to migrant workers in Singapore through 21 July, to improve morale amid their impact from COVID-19.[20] In June 2020, Hotstar named Sunil Rayan, formerly of Google, as its new president.[21]

Integration with The Disney Bundle in the United States[edit]

On August 31, 2021, Disney announced that the original stand-alone Hotstar service in the United States will be shut down in 2022. The company also announced that they will be migrating the general entertainment content like Hotstar Specials, Star India's programming, and blockbuster movies to its sister service Hulu starting September 1, 2021. The sports rights which Hotstar holds in the country including the Indian Premier League, Board of Control for Cricket in India, International Cricket Council, and Pro Kabaddi League will be migrated to ESPN+.[22]


Main articles: List of Hotstar original programming, List of Hotstar original films, List of Disney+ original programming, and List of Disney+ original films


The Disney+ Hotstar subscription is oriented towards domestic content, including series from Star's Indian-language television networks and the Hotstar Specials banner, early access to Star's Indian television serial programs before their television premiere, cricket coverage, Premier League football from the United Kingdom,[23][24][25] and access to content from the Marvel Cinematic Universe.[18] and also adds access to international films and series, including Disney+ original programming and the core Disney+ libraries of The Walt Disney Studios and Walt Disney Television, Marvel Studios, Lucasfilm (including the Star Wars franchise), and National Geographic,[18][19] with select titles for general entertainment from Disney subsidiaries including FX, Freeform, Hulu, ABC Signature, 20th Television, 20th Century Studios, Searchlight Pictures, Touchstone Pictures, and Hollywood Pictures, in addition to licensed content from third-party providers.[23][24][25]

Some early original content on the service included the news comedy program On Air With AIB, and CinePlay. In March 2019, the service launched a new premium original content brand, Hotstar Specials, with the first production being Roar of the Lion—a docudrama miniseries chronicling the Chennai Super Kings in the 2018 Indian Premier League. Hotstar stated that these series would be at least six episodes in length, be available in seven regional languages (Bengali, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Tamil, and Telugu)[26] and focus on providing "big-scale, high-quality drama". Hotstar partnered with a large number of Indian filmmakers to produce series for the brand.[27][28][29]

In December 2015, Hotstar gained domestic streaming rights to current and past HBO original series, as part of Star's larger deal with the network.[30] It reached a similar deal with Showtime in July 2017.[31] Rights to new Showtime content later moved to Viacom18's Voot (a sister of Showtime via parent company ViacomCBS).[32]

In October 2018, Hotstar partnered with Hooq to offer its content on its premium service, including rights to films and series from its co-owners Sony Pictures and Warner Bros., as well as its other content partners.[33] The partnership ended following Hooq's liquidation in April 2020.[34]

In June 2020, Hotstar announced that it would begin to offer direct-to-streaming premieres of Indian films under the "Disney+ Hotstar Multiplex" banner due to COVID-19-related cinema closures, beginning with Fox Star Studios' Dil Bechara on 24 July 2020, followed by The Big Bull, Lootcase, Khuda Haafiz, Laxmii, Bhuj: The Pride of India, Sadak 2, and Mookuthi Amman.[35]

Southeast Asia (excluding Singapore)[edit]

In addition to content from Disney's library, the Southeast Asian versions of Disney+ Hotstar also had a large focus on domestic acquisitions. In Indonesia, Hotstar reached content supply agreements with studios such as Falcon Pictures, MD Pictures, Rapi Films, Soraya Intercine Films, Screenplay Films, and Starvision Plus among others, and also acquired first-run direct-to-streaming releases (which are being marketed as Hotstar Originals). To appeal to the local Hindu population, the service also carries Bollywood films subtitled and/or dubbed into the Indonesian language.[36][37]

The Malaysian version of the service has similarly reached deals with studios such as Skop Productions, Revolution Media Films, Primeworks Studios, WAU Animation, Act 2 Pictures, Les’ Copaque Production and Red Films to carry films on the platform, with some being released direct-to-streaming.[38]

The Thai version reached agreements with studios and broadcasters such as GDH, GMM 25, Kantana Group, One 31, and Sahamongkolfilm, and has licensed content from other East Asian regions such as Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan.[39][40]

Device support and service features[edit]

Hotstar is available for streaming via supported web browsers on PC, Mac, and smartphones, as well as apps on iOS and Apple TV, Android and Android TV, with regional support for devices such as Roku in Canada, United States and United Kingdom, Fire TV and Samsung Smart TVs in India, Canada, United States and United Kingdom, and LG webOS TVs in India, Canada, United States, and Malaysia.

Hotstar allows users to stream on two devices concurrently and downloads for offline viewing depending on individual content licenses. Most content is able to be streamed in resolutions up to 1080p. In April 2020, Hotstar started rolling out Dolby Digital 5.1 sound on Android TV, Apple TV, Roku, and Fire TV,[41] and later 4KUltra HD in Dolby Vision and HDR10 in August 2020 only on Apple TV and Android TV, noting that Dolby Vision and HDR10 will be available for mobile devices later, which were made available for iOS since May 2021.[42] In India, the service is operated as both a free ad-supported service, and two subscription-based tiers. The ad-supported service includes access to selected Indian films and Star series after their television broadcast.

Starting 1 September 2021, Indian users will be able to choose from a range of three new subscription plans, namely – Mobile for INR 499/- per year (a single device, mobile-only plan), Super for INR 899/- per year (access to 2 devices across mobile, web and living room devices) and Premium for INR 1499/- per year (access to 4 devices across mobile, web and living room devices).[43]


On 4 September 2017, Star Sports acquired the entirety of the media rights to the Indian Premier League, with Hotstar acting as the international digital rightsholder. The service served worldwide until Hotstar launched an international subscription service in Canada and the United States, aimed towards providing its domestic Indian content and sports.[44][45] Hotstar launched in the United Kingdom on 13 September 2018, to coincide with the 2018 Asia Cup.[46] On 4 January 2019, Star discontinued their international linear pay television channels in the US. (such as StarPlus), pivoting its focus in the region to Hotstar.[47]

In August 2019, Disney CEO Bob Iger stated that plans were in place for expansion of Hotstar into Southeast Asia.[48] In August 2020, it was announced that Disney+ Hotstar would launch in Indonesia on 5 September 2020, marking the unified service's first expansion outside of India.[49] On 19 October 2020, Star India announced the launch of Hotstar in Singapore, which took place on 1 November 2020.[50] On 25 February 2021, it was reported that Disney+ Hotstar would launch in Malaysia, the Philippines, and Thailand in between 2021 and 2022.[51] The service launched in Malaysia on 1 June 2021,[38] and Thailand on 30 June.[52]

On 27 July 2021, it was reported that Hotstar original content would likely be licensed to sister services Hulu in the United States, Star in Canada, Europe, Africa, Middle East and parts of Asia Pacific, and Star+ in Latin America in the future.[53] On 31 August, Disney announced that it will phase out Hotstar in the US and will fold programming into Hulu and ESPN+. It expects that Hotstar will be shut down in the US by late 2022.[54]

  Available as Disney+ Hotstar

  Available as Hotstar

  Confirmed launch

  Third-party distribution

  Hotstar region that will be transitioning into distribution deal with Hulu for the latter original programming (in late 2022)


Hotstar generated at least 345 million views throughout the 2015 Cricket World Cup, and approximately over 200 million views during the 2015 Indian Premier League season.[56][57]

The 2019 Indian Premier League repeatedly broke records for concurrent viewership on Hotstar, with the 2019 final setting a new "global record" peak of 18.6 million. US website TechCrunch credited these gains to the extensive growth of internet usage in the country.[58] This was surpassed during the semi-final of the 2019 Cricket World Cup between India and New Zealand, with 25.3 million. After the India-Pakistan match earlier in the tournament, Hotstar surpassed almost 100 million daily users.[59]


The HBO series Last Week Tonight faced several instances of censorship on Hotstar since the purchase of the service by Disney; two episodes were edited to remove jokes referencing Disney characters, including a November 2019 episode on the US census relating to a PSA featuring Mickey Mouse (where Oliver claimed the character was a "crack addict"; a scene was also cropped to obscure a graphic relating to the joke),[60] and a remark about Donald Duck's penis being "shaped like a corkscrew" during an episode discussing China's one-child policy.[61][62] In February 2020, Hotstar refused to carry an episode that contained segments critical of Indian prime minister Narendra Modi, which had alleged that his policy of Hindu nationalism was a growing threat to democracy in India.[63][64][65]

The programme's host John Oliver addressed all three instances of censorship by Hotstar in the 8 March 2020 episode. He placed a larger emphasis on the censorship of Disney references, however (alluding to his role of Zazu in Disney's 2019 CGI remake of The Lion King), jokingly arguing that he resented the censorship of his "factually accurate" Donald Duck joke more than the Modi episode being pulled.[61][62]

The service was highly criticized and ridiculed upon its launch in Thailand for the censorship and editing of Disney content, where violent and/or suggestive scenes were cut out or blurred, with a majority of titles being cropped to fit 16:9 widescreen televisions and/or also sped up to 25 frames per second (PAL).[66] On 14 July 2021, during a live podcast hosted by Thai news reporter Jomquan Laopetch, Disney Southeast Asia and Thailand general manager, direct-to-consumer Winradit Kolasastraseni stated that he was aware of the issues and admitted they were the QC team's fault; the service has been replacing censored/edited video files with their original cuts since then.[67]

See also[edit]

  • Hulu, a sister streaming service owned and operated by Disney for general entertainment content in United States markets.
  • Star, a similar streaming brand used by Disney for general entertainment content in other markets, which is offered within the Disney+ infrastructure.
  • Star+, a sister and similar streaming service owned and operated by Disney for general entertainment content in Latin America markets.


  1. ^Optional in India, but member subscription is required to access additional content.
  2. ^in India and parts of Southeast Asia
  3. ^as Hotstar
  4. ^Rebranded as Disney+ Hotstar
  5. ^Transition into distribution deal with Hulu for Hotstar original programming in late 2022


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External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hotstar





Where Disney meets so much more...

Type of site: Over-the-top media service
Language: Multilingual
Created by: Michael Paull
Date of launch: November 12, 2019
Status: Active

Disney+ (pronounced Disney Plus) is an American subscription video-on-demand (SVOD) streaming service owned by the Walt Disney Direct-to-Consumer & International division of The Walt Disney Company. The service debuted on November 12, 2019, in the United States, Canada, and the Netherlands and launched in Europe in March 2020 (Replaced Disneylife in the UK and Ireland and the Philippines in Asia).

Disney+ is focused on the film and television content from Walt Disney Studios and Walt Disney Television. Original films and television series based on new and existing properties are also available, including content from Disney, Lucasfilm/Star Wars, Marvel, Pixar, National Geographic and even 20th Century Fox/20th Century Studios. The service competes with other general-interest subscription services, and complements ESPN+ and Hulu as part of Disney's over-the-top strategy.

Why It Rocks

  1. Very cheap!. It only costs $7 for every month. The "Disney Bundle" is $14 and adds access to Hulu and ESPN+ (for sports).
  2. A good range of original series, including the likes of:
  3. Disney+ has a very large back catalogue.
    • Classic TV series like Gargoyles, DuckTales, Darkwing Duck, Phineas and Ferb, The Muppet Show and Spider-Man: The Animated Series are on there, too. EvenThe Simpsonsof all shows is on there, and all seasons, too! (except "Stark Raving Dad", see the first bad quality)
    • Almost every Disney film ever produced (live action, animated, and even Disney Channel movies) is on the site.
    • It even includes some content from 20th Century Fox/20th Century Studios, Touchstone, Hollywood Pictures, and National Geographic, which can appeal to viewers who aren't very interested in the Disney content.
    • It has everything a Disney fan, Pixar fan, Marvel fan, Star Wars fan, or National Geographic fan needs, from the very first Disney short film (Steamboat Willie) to the recent films like Avengers: Endgame and Star Wars: Return of the Jedi.
    • From 2022 to 2026, Sony's movies will arrive on Disney+ after finishing their run on Netflix.
    • With the launch of Star, it even has content for mature audiences, including Die Hard, LOST, The X-Files and even the entirety of Family Guy (except "Partial Terms of Endearment", see the first bad quality), Futurama, Bob's Burgers, The Cleveland Show and American Dad. (However, Star is only exclusive to in Canada, Western Europe, Australia, New Zealand, and Singapore; in the United States, Hulu fills this role instead).
    • It even has a variety of shows that Disney doesn't own, but still bought (such as Bluey).
  4. Many shows, like Dinosaurs, have been digitally restored for the service as well.
  5. While similar to Netflix, it has its own identity and makes its own original content less Netflix-esque.
  6. The Disney+ Original logo is well-made.
  7. Content is able to be streamed in resolutions up to 4K Ultra HD in Dolby Vision and HDR10, with Dolby Atmos sound on supported devices.
  8. It has tons of great original movies, like Luca and Soul.
  9. Unlike Netflix, device sharing can register up to ten devices.
  10. The Star Wars prequel and original trilogies finally got color-corrected and even have the 20th Century Fox logos in the beginning.
  11. Unlike most streaming services, once the movie/TV show is on Disney+, it stays on the service permanently.
  12. Just like Netflix, it became an international streaming device in Latin America, Western Europe, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.

Bad Qualities

  1. Some content in movies and TV shows got censored for bad reasons.
    • The Simpsons episode "Stark Raving Dad" was not included due to the episode being removed from syndication by the producers in March 2019 following the Leaving Neverland controversy.
    • The FamilyGuy episode "Partial Terms of Endearment" was not included with Star because the episode was banned from TV airings in the US and digital distribution worldwide due to the controversial focus on abortion.
    • Some episodes of The Muppet Show that feature Spike Milligan aren't in available to watch in Europe, the reasons are unknown, but possibly too many stereotypes.
    • One fake blooper scene in Toy Story 2 (Stinky Pete talking to two Barbie dolls for a role in Toy Story 3) was removed due to the John Lasseter allegations that led to his resignation.
    • The Suite Life of Zack & Cody episode "Smart & Smarterer" due to its insensitivity towards mocking children with dyslexia.
    • The Bizaardvark episode "The First Law of Dirk" is not available on the site for unknown reasons.
    • Any Andi Mack episode with Ham Mack is unavailable on the service just because his actor Stoney Westmoreland was charged with (and subsequently terminated by the network for) soliciting a minor. This hits season 1 the most, reducing it to only two episodes.
  2. Like Netflix, they like to label several movies and shows (such as Soul and Luca) as "Disney+ Originals", even though they are played in theatres without Disney+ in some countries, and released them on home video anyway in all countries, which makes them egotistical.
  3. It doesn't have all content that Disney owns.
    • Song of the South has been out of print for decades because the film has offensive African-American stereotypes.
    • Many Disney cartoons are not available either, such as Dave the Barbarian and Marsupilami (because Disney lost a lawsuit from the estate of the character's creator).
    • Many shows that aired on Playhouse Disney like Bear in the Big Blue House and PB&J Otter are not on the service for unknown reasons. Either they are not on Disney+ yet, Disney did not have the money to add them to their platform, or were forgotten about long since they ended their run.
  4. Some 4:3 programs are stretched or cropped to a 16:9 ratio.
    • The Simpsons' cropped aspect ratio for the first 20 seasons was so problematic, that Disney decided to release the first 20 (excluding the ones produced after the HD and widescreen transition) seasons in their original aspect ratio in May 2020.
  5. Despite claiming that "nothing expires", some content on the service has been removed mainly due to rights issues with premium channels (such as HBO and Starz in the USA).
  6. Some bad original films exist such as Artemis Fowl, and the upcoming Home Sweet Home Alone.
  7. Disney is often way too reliant with this service, to the point where they tried to get people to buy this in certain countries by shutting their Disney channels down beginning in 2020.
  8. They even have the audacity to charge users $30 (or $35 in Canada/Australia) to rent certain movies on top of their subscription, which is an example of absurd pricing. When you rent those movies, you are granted early access of these movies for up to 3 months, when they are later available to all users, meaning that you never owned them in the first place.
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Disney+ is a streaming service owned and operated by Disney Media and Entertainment Distribution, a division of The Walt Disney Company. They streamed The Simpsons when the service launched on November 12, 2019 in the USA. The service launched in the United Kingdom on March 24, 2020.

The Simpsons[edit]

Disney+ has exclusive streaming rights over The Simpsons.[1] However, the episodes from before the show went widescreen are available on a 16:9 aspect ration, rather than their original 4:3 aspect ratio. This cuts off parts of the screen and even cuts out some jokes, such as a joke from the episode "Duffless" where Duff Beer, Duff Lite and Duff Dry are all shown coming from the same tube.[2] On May 28, 2020, the original 4:3 aspect ratio was made available with a setting on the The Simpsons page. This took so long because Disney+ had to make sure watchers could choose which version to watch without breaking other features of the website.[3]

The season 3 premiere "Stark Raving Dad" is also not available on Disney+, as it was from syndication due to the allegations of sexual abuse against Michael Jackson.[4]

The Maggie Simpson short Playdate with Destiny was released on Disney+ on April 10, 2020.[5] It's also confirmed that The Longest Daycare is available to stream on Disney+ on May 29, 2020.[6]

The short The Force Awakens from Its Nap was released on Disney+ on May 4, 2021[7] and The Good, the Bart, and the Loki was released on July 7, 2021.[8]

8 profile icons were released onto Disney+ on August 31st 2021 in commemorate the launch of Star+ in Latin America. The characters picked were Homer Simpson, Bart Simpson, Lisa Simpson, Marge Simpson, Maggie Simpson, Krusty the Clown, Ralph Wiggum and Dr. Hibbert.[9]

Profile icons[edit]


External links[edit]

Sours: https://simpsonswiki.com/wiki/Disney%2B

Wiki disney plus


American subscription video streaming service

Disney+ (pronounced Disney Plus) is an American subscription video on-demandover-the-topstreaming service owned and operated by the Media and Entertainment Distribution division of The Walt Disney Company.[1] The service primarily distributes films and television series produced by The Walt Disney Studios and Walt Disney Television, with dedicated content hubs for brands such as Disney, Pixar, Marvel, Star Wars, National Geographic, and including Star in some countries. Original films and television series are also distributed on Disney+.

Disney+ relies on technology developed by Disney Streaming Services, which was originally established as BAMTech in 2015 when it was spun off from MLB Advanced Media (MLBAM). Disney increased its ownership share of BAMTech to a controlling stake in 2017, and subsequently transferred ownership to DTCI as part of a corporate restructuring in anticipation of Disney's acquisition of 21st Century Fox. With BAMTech helping to launch ESPN+ in early 2018, and Disney's streaming distribution deal with Netflix ending in 2019, Disney took the opportunity to use technologies being developed for ESPN+ to establish a Disney-branded streaming service that would feature its content. Production of films and television shows for exclusive release on the platform began in late 2017.

Disney+ was launched on November 12, 2019, in the United States, Canada, and the Netherlands, and expanded to Australia, New Zealand, and Puerto Rico a week later. It became available in select European countries in March 2020 and in India in April through Star India's Hotstar streaming service, which was rebranded as "Disney+ Hotstar". Additional European countries received the service in September 2020, with the service expanding to Latin America in November 2020. Upon launch, it was met with positive reception of its content library, but was criticized for technical problems. Alterations made to films and television shows also attracted media attention. Ten million users had subscribed to Disney+ by the end of its first day of operation.[a] The service has 116 million global subscribers as of July 2021.[3]


In late 2015, Disney launched a streaming service in the United Kingdom called DisneyLife to test the streaming market.[4][5] It was eventually replaced by Disney+ on March 24, 2020.[6]

In August 2016, Disney acquired a minority stake in BAMTech (a spin-off of MLB Advanced Media's streaming technology business) for $1 billion, with an option to acquire a majority stake in the future. Following the purchase, ESPN announced plans for an "exploratory [over-the-top] project" based on its technology (ESPN+) to supplant its existing linear television services.[7][8] On August 8, 2017, Disney invoked its option to acquire a controlling stake in BAMTech for $1.58 billion, increasing its stake to 75%. Alongside the acquisition, the company also announced plans for a second, Disney-branded direct-to-consumer service drawing from its entertainment content, which would launch after the company ends its existing distribution agreement with Netflix in 2019.[9][10] Not long after, Agnes Chu, story and franchise development executive at Walt Disney Imagineering, was the first executive appointed for the unit, as senior vice president of content.[11] Chu led two projects to launch the new unit. First, Disney needed to verify exactly what content could be physically and legally made available through a streaming service right away, which meant physically reviewing all content in Disney's vaults that had not recently undergone restoration, and reviewing "binders of pieces of paper with legal deals" to identify potential obstacles.[12] Second, Chu met with leaders of Disney's various content-producing divisions to start brainstorming which projects would be appropriate for release on a streaming service rather than in movie theaters.[12] Chu later left in August 2020.[13]

In December 2017, Disney announced its intent to acquire key entertainment assets from 21st Century Fox. Intended to bolster Disney's content portfolio for its streaming products,[14][15] the acquisition was completed on March 20, 2019.[16]

In January 2018, it was reported that former Apple and Samsung executive Kevin Swint had been appointed as the senior vice president and general manager reporting to BAMTech CEO Michael Paull, who leads development.[17][18] In March 2018, Disney's top level segment division was reorganized with the formation of Disney Direct-to-Consumer and International, which then included BAMTech, which contains "all consumer-facing tech and products".[19] In June of the same year, longtime Disney studio marketing chief, Ricky Strauss, was named president of content and marketing, however reporting to chairman of Disney Direct-to-Consumer and International Kevin Mayer.[20][21] In January 2019, Fox Television Group COO Joe Earley was named executive vice president of marketing and operations.[22] In June 2019, Matt Brodlie was named as senior vice president of international content development.[23] In August 2019, Luke Bradley-Jones was hired as senior vice president of direct to consumer and general manager of Disney+ for Europe and Africa.[24]

On November 8, 2018, Disney CEO Bob Iger announced that the service would be named Disney+ and that the company was targeting a launch in late 2019.[25] A September launch was reportedly planned,[26] but on April 11, 2019, Disney announced that Disney+ would launch on November 12, 2019 in the United States. Disney stated that it planned to roll the service out worldwide over the next two years, targeting Western Europe and Asia-Pacific countries by late 2019 and early 2020, and Eastern Europe and Latin America during 2020. The timing of international launches is subject to the acquisition or expiration of existing streaming rights deals for Disney content.[27] On August 6, 2019, Iger announced that it will offer a streaming bundle of Disney+, ESPN+, and the ad-supported version of Hulu for $12.99 per month available at launch.[28] At the D23 Expo in August 2019, Disney opened subscriptions to Disney+ at a discounted rate for three years.[29]

On September 12, 2019, a trial version of Disney+ became available in the Netherlands with limited content available. This testing phase lasted until the official launch on November 12, when trial users were switched to a paid plan.[30][31] Disney+ became available for pre-order in September in the United States with a 7-day free trial upon launch.[32]

In October 2019, Disney released a three-and-a-half-hour trailer on YouTube to showcase their launch lineup.[33] It was also reported that Disney would ban advertisements for competitor Netflix from most of its TV platforms, except ESPN.[34][35]

Disney+ launched on November 12, 2019 Midnight Pacific Time in the announced initial three launch countries.[36] The services had some issues the first day from logging in (about 33% of the problems), accessing specific content (about 66%), setting up profiles and watch lists. Some of the issues were due to third party devices.[37]

On November 18, 2019, an investigation by ZDNet discovered that thousands of users' accounts were hacked using keystroke logging or info-stealing malware. Their email addresses and passwords were changed, "effectively taking over the account and locking the previous owner out", and their login information was put up for sale on the dark web.[38]

On March 12, 2020, Vanessa Morrison, who previously served as President of Fox Family and 20th Century Animation, was appointed President of Streaming for Walt Disney Studios Motion Picture Production and will oversee development and production of Disney+ film content from The Walt Disney Studios for both Disney Live Action and 20th Century Studios.[39] Morrison reports directly to President of Walt Disney Pictures Sean Bailey.[39]

On October 12, 2020, Disney announced a reorganization of their media business with a greater focus on streaming. They are planning to add more content for Disney+ and their other streaming platforms (such as Hulu) in the future.[40]

On December 10, 2020, Disney announced that a year after the launch of Disney+, it had over 86.8 million subscribers.[41] It was later announced that as of January 2, 2021, the platform had over 94.9 million subscribers.[42] In January of the same year, Ricky Strauss, who led Disney Plus’ content curation and marketing efforts, exited the Walt Disney Company.[43]

In March 2021, Disney announced an increase to the streaming service's pricing that would take place on March 26, 2021.[44] In the second quarter of 2021, Disney+ added 8.7 million subscribers.[45]

In August 2021, Disney CEO Bob Chapek hinted that a possible Hulu Disney+ merger could happen in the future to create an all-in-one streaming service on Disney+.[46] He mentioned that Disney might ditch its streaming bundle of Disney+, Hulu, and ESPN+ eventually. This is similar to the Star brand on Disney+ available in overseas markets outside of the United States.


Further information: List of Disney+ original programming and List of Disney+ original films

The service is built around content from Disney's main entertainment studios and film and television library, including Walt Disney Pictures, Walt Disney Animation Studios, Disneynature, Disneytoon Studios, Pixar, Marvel Studios, Lucasfilm, National Geographic, and select films from 20th Century Studios, Searchlight Pictures, Touchstone Pictures, and Hollywood Pictures.[47] The service will operate alongside Hulu, which Disney gained a controlling stake in following the 21st Century Fox purchase.[48] Bob Iger stated that at launch Disney+ would be focused specifically on family-oriented entertainment (and not carry any R and NC-17 or TV-MA-rated content), and that Hulu would remain oriented towards general entertainment.[25][49][50] Hulu will also host Disney+ as an add-on service.[51]

Content library

It is suggested that Disney+ has approximately 7,000 television episodes and 500 films,[52] including original television series and films from Disney Channel and Freeform, and select titles from 20th Television and ABC Signature.[47][53] New releases from 20th Century Studios (including Blue Sky's Spies in Disguise) will not immediately be available on either Disney+ or Hulu, as the studio has pre-existing output deals with other premium TV/streaming providers (including HBO in the U.S. until 2022,[54]Crave in Canada[55] and Sky in the UK, Ireland, Italy and Germany). Captain Marvel, Dumbo (2019), and Avengers: Endgame became the first theatrically released Disney films to stream exclusively on Disney+ within the pay-cable window.[21]

It was announced that Disney+ would add the first 30 seasons of The Simpsons to the service at launch,[b] as the series' new exclusive home,[56][57] with season 31 being added on October 2, 2020 in the United States.

Iger said that Disney+ will eventually host the entire Disney film library, including films currently in the "Disney Vault". However, he stated that the controversial Song of the South (1946), which has never been released on home video in its entirety in the U.S., will not be released on the service.[58]Walt Disney Animation Studios' 1946 film Make Mine Music is not available on the service, possibly due to a gunfight scene, making it the only film in Disney animated canon not to be included.[59][60] Despite being available at launch, at least five films – Home Alone, Home Alone 2: Lost in New York, Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides, Ice Age and Garfield: A Tail of Two Kitties – were removed from the service in the U.S.[61][c]

It was initially unclear whether the first six films of the Star Wars franchise would be available in the United States at the service's launch, as TBS held streaming rights through 2024 as part of its cable rights to the franchise,[63] but in April 2019, it was announced that the films would be available at launch along with The Force Awakens[d] and Rogue One,[66][67] with The Last Jedi added on December 26, 2019; The Rise of Skywalker added on May 4, 2020,[68] and Solo: A Star Wars Story was added on July 10, 2020.[69] On April 2, 2021, several older Star Warsspin-offs were released.[70]

In the United States, most of the films from the Marvel Cinematic Universe were available at launch, with the exception of seven films: Thor: Ragnarok (added on December 5, 2019), Black Panther (added on March 4, 2020), Avengers: Infinity War (added on June 25, 2020), and Ant-Man and the Wasp (added on August 14, 2020), due to existing licensing deals with Netflix; and The Incredible Hulk, Spider-Man: Homecoming, and Spider-Man: Far From Home, which are unavailable because their distribution rights are owned by Universal Pictures (The Incredible Hulk) and Sony Pictures (Spider-Man).[71][72]

Some films were modified by Disney: a post-credits scene from Toy Story 2 was edited out;[73] nudity was eliminated from Splash by adding digital hair, blurring, and cropping certain scenes;[74][e] films such as Adventures in Babysitting, Free Solo, and Hamilton are altered to remove profanities;[f]The Adventures of Bullwhip Griffin (1967) was edited to remove racial slurs, and the short film Santa's Workshop (1932) was edited to remove a "stereotypical black doll".[76] Some older content, such as films, animated shorts, and series, have a content disclaimer on the platform noting the possibility of outdated cultural depictions.[78][79][80][81][g] Starting in October 2020, a 12-second content disclaimer informing viewers of racially insensitive scenes plays before some older Disney films – including Peter Pan, Dumbo, Swiss Family Robinson, Lady and the Tramp, The Jungle Book, Aladdin (alongside the two direct-to-video sequels), and The Aristocats.[83][84] Additionally, by January 2021, some of these films were no longer viewable on kids profiles; the titles were still available to view on regular profiles.[85]X-Men: Days of Future Past, which contains both nudity and the word "fuck", began airing uncensored in mid-2020.[86] Some series are missing episodes, including Darkwing Duck, The Little Mermaid, The Proud Family, Phineas and Ferb, Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends,[87][h]The Muppet Show,[88][i] and The Simpsons,[89][b] amongst other programs.[91][j] All episodes featuring Stoney Westmoreland on Andi Mack are banned from the service.[citation needed]

Original scripted content

The service's initial original content goal was planned to include four to five original films and five television shows with budgets from $25–100 million.[50] In January 2019, it was reported that Disney would spend up to $500 million in original content for the service.[93][k] Original series based on Star Wars and Marvel properties have been or are being produced. Original Star Wars series include The Mandalorian,[94] a seventh season of the animated The Clone Wars (and a spin-off series titled The Bad Batch),[95]Obi-Wan Kenobi, Andor, Lando, The Acolyte, as well as three series spun off from The Mandalorian: The Book of Boba Fett, Rangers of the New Republic, and Ahsoka.[96] Original Marvel series include WandaVision, The Falcon and the Winter Soldier, Loki, an animated What If series, Hawkeye, Ms. Marvel, Moon Knight, She-Hulk, and Secret Invasion.[97][98]

In January 2019, Disney+ ordered Diary of a Future President from CBS Television Studios, its first series from an outside production company.[99]

A television series remake of the film High Fidelity was initially announced for Disney+, but in April 2019, it was announced that the project had been moved to Hulu, citing concerns from its staff that the positioning of Disney+ as a family-friendly service was at odds with their creative vision for the series.[100]Love, Victor, a spin-off of the film Love, Simon, was similarly shifted from Disney+ to Hulu in February 2020.[101]

In August 2019, Iger announced that 20th Century Fox films such as Home Alone, Night at the Museum, Diary of a Wimpy Kid, and Cheaper by the Dozen will be "'reimagined' for 'a new generation'" exclusively for Disney+[102] by Fox Family.[103]

Original episodic content will be released weekly, opposed to all at once[104] with the release time to be 12:01 a.m. PT on Fridays, starting November 15, 2019 until June 25, 2021 for original series and on Wednesdays starting June 9, 2021 for new original series and new seasons of the respective series.[105][106]

On December 25, 2020, Soul became the first feature-length film from Pixar to be released as a Disney+ original. The next Pixar film, Luca, was also released as a Disney+ original.[107]

In September 2021, it was reported that Disney will begin a new television release strategy by giving episodes from certain series an early premiere on Disney+ ahead of their television debuts. The first series to be released througth this strategy will be The Ghost and Molly McGee, with episodes 3 to 5 being released on Disney+ on October 6, 2021.[108][109]

Original unscripted content

Disney also plans original factual television content for the service, aiming to "find the ethos of Disney in everyday stories, inspiring hope and sparking the curiosity of audiences of all ages." Some of these series will have ties to Disney properties, including behind-the-scenes documentary miniseries focusing on Disney studios (such as one following the production of Frozen II),[97] the Disney-themed competition cooking competition Be Our Chef, Cinema Relics (a documentary series showcasing iconic costume and props from Disney films), Marvel's Hero Project (a series showcasing "inspiring kids [that] have dedicated their lives to selfless acts of bravery and kindness"), and The Imagineering Story (a Leslie Iwerks-directed documentary series chronicling the history and work of Walt Disney Imagineering).[110][111] National Geographic also produced Magic of the Animal Kingdom (a docuseries following the animal caretakers of Disney's Animal Kingdom and Epcot's aquarium) and The World According to Jeff Goldblum.[112]

Disney reached a two-year pact with the documentary studio Supper Club (Brian McGinn, David Gelb and Jason Sterman, producers of Netflix's Chef's Table) to produce content for the service, including the conservation-themed nature documentary series Earthkeepers, and Marvel's 616, a documentary series chronicling the cultural and societal impact of Marvel's characters. Other factual series include Encore! (a Kristen Bell-produced series that reunites casts from high school musical productions to reprise their roles), (Re)Connect (a reality series produced by Kelly Ripa and Mark Consuelos' Milojo Productions), Rogue Trip (a travel series featuring Bob Woodruff and his son Mack), and the reality competition Shop Class.[110][111]

Premier Access

See also: Video on demand § Premium, and List of Disney+ Premier Access releases

The live-action adaptation of Mulan was premiered in select countries on Disney+ with Premier Access for a premium fee ($29.99) on September 4, 2020, and later was made available for free to all subscribers on December 4.[113] A second feature film, Raya and the Last Dragon, was offered through the Premier Access model on March 5, 2021, the same day as its theatrical release,[114] and was made available for all users on June 4.[115] In March 2021, Disney announced that Cruella and Black Widow would both release theatrically and through Premier Access.[116] In May 2021, Disney announced that Jungle Cruise would also be released theatrically and through Premier Access.[117]

Third-party content

On April 21, 2021, Disney and Sony Pictures reached a multi-year deal to let Sony's titles (such as films from the Spider-Man and Jumanji franchises) stream on Hulu and Disney+. A significant number of Sony titles are expected to begin streaming on Hulu as early as June 2021. It includes films from 2022 onwards.[118]

Device support and service features

Disney+ is available for streaming via web browsers on PC and Mac, as well as apps on iOS and Apple TV, Android and Android TV, Fire TV and Fire HD, Chromecast and Chromebook devices, Samsung Smart TVs, LG webOS TVs, Vizio SmartCast TVs,[119]Roku devices, Xfinity Flex,[120]Sky Q,[121]Now TV devices,[122]PlayStation 4, PlayStation 5, Xbox One, Xbox Series X/S, and Windows 10.[123][124] Content available on Disney+ is also listed in the Apple TV and Google TV apps.[125][126]

Accessibility features include closed captioning, audio description (also known as described video), and audio navigation assistance.[127]

Disney+ allows seven user profiles per account, with the ability to stream on four devices concurrently and unlimited downloads for offline viewing. Content is able to be streamed in resolutions up to 4KUltra HD in Dolby Vision and HDR10, with Dolby Atmos sound on supported devices. Legacy content and Disney+ originals are available in multiple languages.[128] Subtitles and dubbing are available in up to 16 languages.[129] A substantial amount of content is available in Hindi, Indonesian, Thai, Malay, Tamil, Telugu, Bengali, Malayalam, Kannada, and Marathi languages on the Indian and select Southeast Asian countries counterpart, Disney+ Hotstar.[130]

In late May 2020, the service added the ability to switch between 4:3 and 16:9 aspect ratios for early Simpsons episodes,[131] after the service received backlash for stretching those episodes to 16:9 by default at launch.[132] Disney had done this "in order to guarantee visual quality and consistency across all 30 seasons." To accommodate the feature, Disney Streaming Services "had to reconfigure its content-delivery engine" while ensuring the new feature would not break any existing features such as continue watching, watchlists, and auto-playing, as they did not want to treat the 4:3 versions as bonus content. The resulting changes allowed Disney to apply the existing audio, subtitle information, episode artwork, and other metadata from the episodes to both aspect ratios regardless of which is chosen by the user. Joe Rice, vice president of media product at Disney Streaming Services, added that these adjustments "opens up a number of exciting opportunities for novel ways of presenting content in the future."[131]

In September 2020, the service added the GroupWatch feature which allows up to seven different Disney+ accounts to link up and co-view programming with one another. Viewers are able to react to content with six different emojis, and control playback for the entire group. It is available on web browser, mobile app, smart TVs, and connected TV devices in the United States, and will expand to Europe later in 2020.[133] The feature was previously tested in Australia, Canada, and New Zealand.[134]


Disney+ was launched early in the Netherlands on September 12, 2019, as a free trial. It officially launched in the Netherlands, United States and Canada on November 12, 2019, just before 3:00 a.m. EST (UTC–5). Disney+ launched in Australia, New Zealand, and Puerto Rico on November 19, 2019, and launched in Austria, the United Kingdom, Spain, Italy, Germany, Ireland, and Switzerland on March 24, 2020.[27][135] In the UK and Ireland, Disney+ replaced DisneyLife. In Spain, a linear Disney+ television channel launched alongside the streaming service. The channel is available exclusively on Movistar+, which serves as Disney+'s launch partner in the region.[136]

In December 2019, it was announced that Canal+ would be the exclusive distributor of Disney+ in France.[137] The launch in France was delayed from March 24 to April 7, pursuant to a request from the French government to conserve network capacity due to the COVID-19 pandemic placing additional strain on communications networks.[138]

In February 2020, Iger announced that it planned to launch Disney+ in India on March 29, 2020, by means of its existing service Hotstar, rebranding its paid tiers as a co-branded service. Hotstar was acquired by Disney during the Fox purchase, and has been the dominant streaming service in the country.[139][140] However, it was postponed due to the Indian Premier League being rescheduled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[141] It was then launched on April 3, 2020.[142]

In April 2020, it was announced that Disney+ original content would be licensed to pay TV and streaming operator OSN, starting on April 9, in 17 countries in the Middle East and North Africa region with Disney noting that they had no current "plan to launch Disney+ as a standalone service in the region in the near future".[143][144][145] On August 12, Disney announced that it will launch in the Middle East and Africa in Summer 2022.[146][147]

The service launched in Japan on June 11, 2020, as part of Disney's existing partnership with NTT Docomo, and succeeded the existing Disney Deluxe service in the region.[148]

Disney+ launched in Indonesia through Hotstar on September 5, 2020;[149] Portugal, Belgium, Finland, Iceland, Luxembourg, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, and Greenland[150] on September 15, 2020;[151] and in Latin America and the Caribbean on November 17, 2020.[152]

The service expanded to Singapore on February 23, 2021.[153][154] It was announced that the service would also expand to Central and Eastern Europe, Hong Kong, Taiwan, South Korea, Israel, South Africa, and Turkey later in between 2021 and 2022.[155] Among them, it has been confirmed that the service will launch on November 12, 2021 in South Korea and Taiwan, and on November 16, 2021 in Hong Kong.[156]

Star, Disney+'s brand for general entertainment content, would launch on February 23, 2021, in Canada, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, and Singapore and is expected to be rolled out to select international markets in the near future, including Japan, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Israel and South Africa.[157][158] Star will add to Disney+ in Japan on October 27, 2021, and will launch along with the service in South Korea, Taiwan on November 12 and Hong Kong on November 16.[159]

On February 25, 2021, it was reported that Disney+ would launch in Malaysia, the Philippines, and Thailand through Hotstar within 2021.[160][161] It was later confirmed that the launch would take place in Malaysia on June 1, 2021,[162] and Thailand on June 30, 2021.[163]


  Confirmed launch

  Third-party distribution

  No current launch or announcement


On November 13, 2019, a day after its launch, Disney announced that the streaming service had already signed up more than 10 million subscribers.[193][202] Disney+ has been well-received, thanks to its affordable price and for the extensive Disney library. Frank Pallotta of CNN stated that "the company [Disney] has repackaged its trove of beloved content for the service makes it a worthy companion to the other services in the marketplace.[203] Nick Pino of TechRadar stated, "If Disney keeps it updated with new content, Disney+ could rival Netflix sooner rather than later."[204]

Upon launch, Disney+ experienced significant technical difficulties. Users complained about receiving error messages that the service was down and that they were "unable to connect", which were irritating because many of them had paid for the service months in advance.[205] In some instances, passwords needed to be reset to enable access.

One other negative aspect with the launch of the service was the presentation of the non-HD episodes of The Simpsons. Namely, that instead of presenting them in their original aspect ratio, they were either cropped to fit 16:9 widescreen televisions or awkwardly stretched out to that aspect ratio.[132]FXX's now-defunct "Simpsons World" streaming service was similarly criticized when it launched.[206] In response, Disney stated they would make the ability to watch the episodes of the first 19 seasons and some from season 20 in either the 4:3 or 16:9 aspect ratio in early 2020.[207] The feature was made available on May 28, 2020.[131]

Some have noted that episodes of The Simpsons, X-Men, DuckTales, Phineas and Ferb, Kim Possible, and The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes are presented almost entirely out of order, while some series are missing episodes.[208][89] Others have questioned why an extensive catalog of Disney-owned material is missing from the platform, including older Disney-produced films,[59]Disney Junior titles,[209] Marvel content,[210][211] some Muppets media,[212][i] and the unreleased Star Wars animated comedy series Star Wars Detours.[215] On June 26, 2020, the 2017 DuckTales series had its episodes arranged in the proper order while co-creator of Phineas and Ferb, Jeff "Swampy" Marsh, has stated that they are working on correcting the order of his series.[216]

Disney+ was the top trending Google search term in 2019 in the US.[217] In February 2020, Disney reported that Disney+ had 26.5 million subscribers by the end of 2019, and 28.6 million by February 3, 2020.[194] By April 2020, Disney+ had 50 million paid subscribers, with approximately 8 million of those coming from India.[195] The service had 54.5 million subscribers by May 4,[196][218] 57.5 million subscribers by the end of June, 60.5 million subscribers by August 4,[197] 73.7 million subscribers by September 30,[198] and 86.8 million subscribers as of December 2.[199] In February 2021, Disney reported that Disney+ had 94.9 million subscribers as of January 2, 2021.[219][220] On March 9, 2021, Disney reported that the service had surpassed 100 million paid subscribers but did not say when it had hit the milestone. The company clarified that it would now only be providing subscriber number updates when certain milestones are reached, as opposed to releasing exact numbers each quarter.[221]

In 2020, Apple Inc. named Disney+ the Apple TV App of the Year. It was the second and third most-downloaded free app of the year globally on the iPad and iPhone, respectively. It was also voted the best app of 2020 by Google Play users.[222]


  1. ^This figure may include discounted pre-orders which were offered in August and September 2019.[2]
  2. ^ ab"Stark Raving Dad" (1991) is the only Simpsons episode unavailable on Disney+; the episode was pulled from general circulation in March 2019 following renewed sexual abuse allegations against guest star Michael Jackson.[90]
  3. ^The Home Alone films were restored in November 2020, after fulfilling a contract with HBO.[62]
  4. ^The rights to The Force Awakens (among various other Disney films) are owned by the premium television network Starz (as they have previously been the first-run pay-TV provider for Walt Disney Studios' releases between 1994 and 2015). In order to sub-license the streaming rights, it was reported that Disney had agreed to provide an advertising placement for Starz at the conclusion of the registration process for Disney+ and ESPN+ on PC and Android platforms, although no further promotions from Starz are seen once sign-up is completed.[64][65]
  5. ^Similarly, minor cleavage was blurred in Wizards of Waverly Place.[75]
  6. ^Words like "fuck", "goddamn", and "homo" were censored from Adventures in Babysitting and Free Solo;[76] however, Hamilton retained one instance of "fuck" as that is allowed in a PG-13 film.[77]
  7. ^An additional notice is displayed for titles containing depictions of tobacco.[82]
  8. ^One episode featuring Nazi imagery and Nazi agent Red Skull was omitted. Additionally, the series' third episode features a warning about racially insensitive content regarding stereotypes of Asians.[87]
  9. ^ abAll but two The Muppet Show episodes were added on February 19, 2021. Other episodes have been edited, mostly due to music rights issues—with some segments removed, and others restored after being absent from earlier DVD releases.[213][214]
  10. ^Additionally, the first few episodes of Gravity Falls had the symbol on Grunkle Stan's fez removed.[92]
  11. ^The Mandalorian alone was expected to cost about $10 million an episode.[21]
  12. ^The service received a soft launch on September 12, 2019, in the Netherlands.
  13. ^ abPreceded by DisneyLife
  14. ^The service was originally to be launched on March 29, but was delayed due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.[141]
  15. ^Preceded by Disney Deluxe
  16. ^Excluding Cuba and the United States Virgin Islands.


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  45. ^
Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disney%2B
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